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HER Number:MDV6300
Name:Stone cross on Ter Hill

Summary

Wayside cross situated on the north western upper slopes of Ter Hill. The cross survives as a rectangular socket stone measuring 0.7m long by 0.6m wide and 0.3m high into which a replica stone cross has been inserted. The original cross was subject to repairs carried out in 1885 when broken pieces were clamped together. In 1984 the cross was found to have fallen and broken further. It was repaired and was subsequently removed as the repairs deteriorated. The cross was re-sited in the High Moorland Visitor Centre at Princetown in 1994. At this time a replica cross was inserted into the socket stone and a plaque added.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 641 706
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/53
  • Old SAM County Ref: 851

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • WAYSIDE CROSS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Crossing, W., 1887, Ancient Crosses of Dartmoor, 63-66, 113-4 (Monograph). SDV261792.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I, 310 (Article in Serial). SDV240502.

Type A. A cross of rough rectangular section, set up in a roughly square socket stone. The shaft has been broken across and the two parts re-united by an iron clamp.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX67SW29 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV261791.

Stone cross, dimensions 1.2 metres high, arms 0.7 metres wide. The shaft and southern arm have been broken, and re-joined with iron clamps. The cross is set up in a large rectangular socket-stone 0.7 metres by 0.5 metres.


Department of Environment, 1970, Ter Hill Cross (Schedule Document). SDV326270.

Ter Hill, one of two crosses, on the moor about 6 kilometres south-east of Princetown and 2.5 kilometres east of Childe's Tomb. Scheduled Monument Consent granted for removal of cross and winter storage to prevent frost damage.


Robinson, R., 1982, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982 (Un-published). SDV342809.

Visited 10/08/1982.


Robinson, R., 1982, Report of site visit, 10/8/1982 (Report - Survey). SDV261793.

Cross found to be fallen and extensively damaged. Stump of cross remains set in square socket. Broken obliquely across the drilled holes made for the iron clamps in its earlier repair. Head of cross newly broken off by its fall on a line level with the arms, and earlier break in the shaft has parted in the fall.


Dartmoor National Park Authority, 1983, Letter regarding repair to Ter Hill cross (Correspondence). SDV261795.

The cross was repaired and re-erected by Dartmoor National Park in July 1983. The cross was removed from its socket to carry out repairs and re-erected on 21/07/1983. The monumental masons Triggs of Newton Abbot carried out the work, which included a stainless steel rod (in two pieces) being inserted through the shaft from just above the socket stone to a point just above the cross arms. Epoxy resin was used round the rod. Jointing was made with local silver sand (from Lee Moor) and crushed granite mixed with cement. Two 19th century iron clamps across the arms of the cross were retained.


Robinson, R., 1983, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983 (Un-published). SDV345762.

Visited 19/1/1983.


Robinson, R., 1986, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986 (Un-published). SDV345664.

Visited 31/07/1986.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

'Cross' is depicted on Ter Hill.


Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 11/07/2016 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

The wayside cross 1600m ENE of Childe’s Tomb marks the course of Abbot’s Way across Dartmoor, the original cross was replaced by a replica in 1994, it is still on public view at the visitor centre and the replica is located in the socket stone. Wayside crosses tend to survive differentially as a result of damage by religious iconoclasts during turbulent periods of religious change throughout the Reformation. As a result many bear scars of past damage and the broken state of the original cross attests to a turbulent history. It is known to have been re-erected in 1885 but was found fallen beside its socket stone in 1984 and removed in 1994.
This monument includes a wayside cross situated on the north western upper slopes of Ter Hill. The cross survives as a rectangular socket stone measuring 0.7m long by 0.6m wide and 0.3m high into which a replica stone cross has been inserted. The original cross was subject to repairs carried out in 1885 when broken pieces were clamped together. In 1984 the cross was found to have fallen and broken further. It was repaired and was subsequently removed as the repairs deteriorated. The cross was re-sited in the High Moorland Visitor Centre at Princetown in 1994. At this time a replica cross was inserted into the socket stone and a plaque added.
There are two further crosses nearby, one is scheduled separately but the other is not included because it has not been formally assessed.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 12 November 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback. 310.
SDV261791Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX67SW29. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV261792Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1887. Ancient Crosses of Dartmoor. Ancient Crosses of Dartmoor. Unknown. 63-66, 113-4.
SDV261793Report - Survey: Robinson, R.. 1982. Report of site visit. English Heritage. Digital. 10/8/1982.
SDV261795Correspondence: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 1983. Letter regarding repair to Ter Hill cross. Digital.
SDV326270Schedule Document: Department of Environment. 1970. Ter Hill Cross. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
SDV342809Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1982. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Unknown.
SDV345664Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1986. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV345762Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1983. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #40486 ]
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 11/07/2016.

Associated Monuments

MDV6301Related to: Stone cross east-north-east of Childe's Tomb (Monument)
MDV6365Related to: Ter Hill Cross (Monument)
MDV114799Related to: The Duchy Hotel, Princetown (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jul 11 2016 11:35AM