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HER Number:MDV6304
Name:Cairn and cist on south-east side of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest

Summary

Cairn '4' (Butler) with cist on south-east side of Royal Hill. This site is on the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 620 723
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthworks and stones of Bronze Age cairn with cist, one of several on Royal Hill

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67SW34
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/57
  • Pastscape: 443331
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CIST (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Burnard, R., 1890, Notes on Dartmoor Kistvaens, 205-6 (Article in Serial). SDV265355.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Marked on map as 'Kistvaen'.

Worth, R. H., 1908, 27th Report of the Barrow Committee, 85, figure (Article in Serial). SDV265354.

Cist, where one side and both ends remain in place, the other side stone leans somewhat outwards. Surrounding the cist is an incomplete circle of stones, similar to the retaining circle of a barrow. Previously opened. Other details: 85 figure ?.

Worth, R. H., 1928, 47th Report of the Barrow Committee, 77 (Article in Serial). SDV345669.

Other details: plate 5 figure 2.

National Monuments Record, 1969, NMR SX6273, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV261771.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 152 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Cairn with the remains of retaining circle, enclosing cist placed south-east by north-west. Cairn is on the south-east side of Royal Hill, and measures 5.2 meters in diameter, and 0.5 meters in height. (Visited 19/7/1974) Other details: Lydford 89.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Cairn or barrow visible.

Fletcher, M. J., 1989, Royal Commission Field Investigation (Report - Survey). SDV261736.

A cairn and cist on the south-east side of Royal Hill, one of four cairns along the 380 meter contour and intervisible with two others. The cairn is about 7.5 meters in diameter, 0.6 meters high, with a flattish top. There are traces of an inner kerb 4.5 meters in diameter, and an outer one 5.7 meters across comprising boulders and slabs, the largest 1.5 meters long, 0.6 meters high, and 0.2 meters thick. The interior of the central cist is about 0.8 meters square with four stories up to 0.25 meters thick and 0.6 meters deep but the southern one overlaps the sides, is 1.0 meter long, and gives the cist its north-west to south-east alignment. This and the two end stones incline inwards; the north one inclines slightly outwards. There is no cover stone.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 75, E21 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Platform cairn with a ring of kerb stones, measuring 5.0 meters in diameter internally, enclosing a flat-topped cairn 0.4 meters high with central cist. Other details: E21.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 230-234, Map 65, Figure 65.6 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Royal Hill E. '4' cairn at SX62087232 of 5.5 metres diameter by 0.6 metres high with an almost square cist at the centre. The capstone is propped against one of the stones of the retaining circle. Many of the stones of the retaining circle have been uprooted allowing the cairn material to spill downhill.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Cairn shown on survey.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Clearly visible on aerial photograph.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 443331, SX67SW34 (Website). SDV363416.

Site visited on 29th August 1950. Royal Hill, central, Princetown. This disarrangement of one side stone in many cists may be due to the position of the levering bar used to remove the cover stone. No sign of cover stone here. Condition of whole feature is very good, and there is much evidence of the earthen barrow and retaining circle. Cairn measures 7.0 meters in diameter, and 0.4 meters high. The cist measures 0.6 meters deep by 0.85 meters by 0.7 meters.
Field Investigation on 5th February 1980. At SX62077231 on the lower south-east slope of Royal Hill at 380 meters above sea level is the remains of a cist within a cairn 6.4 meters in diameter and 0.6 meters high. An incomplete kerb around the cairn is 5.3 meters in diameter externally, and 0.6 meters high. The cist is central, aligned north-west by south-east and measures 0.95 meters by 0.8 meters and 0.6 meters deep with no cover stone. Possible traces of a smaller second kerb 0.9 meters inside the former are visible on the north-east though the condition of the cairn makes this uncertain.
Field Investigation on 6th February 1989. A cairn and cist on the south-est side of Royal Hill, one of four cairns along the 380 metres contour and intervisible with two others. The cairn has an overall diameter of about 7.5 metres in diameter, and 0.6 metres high, with a flattish top. There are traces of an inner kerb 4.5 metres in diameter, and an outer one 5.7 metres across comprising boulders and slabs, the largest 1.5 metres long, 0.6 metres high, and 0.2 metres thick. The interior of the central cist is about 0.8 metres square with four stories up to 0.25 metres thick and 0.6 metres deep but the southern one overlaps the sides, is 1.0 metres long, and gives the cist its north-west to south-east alignment. This and the two end stones incline inwards; the northern one inclines slightly outwards. There is no cover stone.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 75, E21.
SDV261736Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. J.. 1989. Royal Commission Field Investigation.
SDV261771Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1969. NMR SX6273. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1.
SDV265354Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1908. 27th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 34. Digital. 85, figure.
SDV265355Article in Serial: Burnard, R.. 1890. Notes on Dartmoor Kistvaens. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 22. A5 Hardback. 205-6.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 152.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 230-234, Map 65, Figure 65.6.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV345669Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1928. 47th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 60. Unknown. 77.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #129269 ]
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 443331, SX67SW34.

Associated Monuments

MDV6305Related to: Cairn and cist on south-east side of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV6309Related to: Cairn and cist south-east side of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV130297Related to: Cairn on summit of the south-eastern projection of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV6310Related to: Cairn on summit of the south-eastern projection of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV28603Related to: Cairn to the east of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8628 - Tor Royal Farm Duchy Farms Survey

Date Last Edited:Mar 18 2021 11:23AM