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HER Number:MDV6305
Name:Cairn and cist on south-east side of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest

Summary

Cairn '5' (Butler) a ring circle and cist on the south-east side of Royal Hill

Location

Grid Reference:SX 621 724
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Prehistoric cist on Royal Hill

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67SW35
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/58
  • Pastscape: 443334
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • CIST (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Kistvaen (Remains of)' shown on 19th century map.

Burnard, R., 1890, Notes on Dartmoor Kistvaens, 205 (Article in Serial). SDV265355.

Ordnance Survey, 1906, 107SW (Cartographic). SDV336772.

Worth, R. H., 1908, 27th Report of the Barrow Committee, 85, Figure (Article in Serial). SDV265354.

Cist where two sides only remain, fallen together. One end stone can be identified as having been thrown out against the stones of the surrounding circle. Previously opened.

Worth, R. H., 1928, 47th Report of the Barrow Committee, 77, Plate 5, Figure 3 (Article in Serial). SDV345669.

National Monuments Record, 1969, NMR SX6273, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV261771.

Photograph taken on 12th April 1969.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 153 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visited on 19th July 1974. Cairn with retaining circle (11 slabs remain), enclosing cist, placed east-south-east to west-north-west; only the side slabs are visible. Cairn is on south-east side of Royal Hill, diameter 2.7 metres, height 0.1 metres.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Visible on aerial photograph.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 72, D21 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Ring setting, 2.8 metres diam, around central cist.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 230-234, Map 65, Figure 65.6 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Royal Hill E. '5' at SX62117242 of 3.0 metres diameter by 0.3 metres high with a cist. An almost complete retaining circle of good sized slabs surrounds the smallest cairn in the group but the cist has not survived so well. One of the side stones having collapsed across its partner. The cover and one of the retaning slabs now lean at an angle within the circle.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Cairn shown on survey.

Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

'Cist' is depicted on the modern mapping.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Clearly visible on aerial photograph.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 443334, SX67SW35 (Website). SDV363416.

Site visited on 29th August 1950. Cist and retaining circle of cairn. A near perfect retaining circle. Diameter 3.0 metres. The coverstone appears to be at west side within the circle but is now earthbound. Condition very good. Height of earthen barrow 0.2 metres.
Field Investigation on 5th February 1980. At SX 62107242 on the lower south-east slope of Royal Hill at 384 metres OD. is the remains of a cist surrounded by an incomplete cairn circle, 2.9 metres in diameter. The cist is represented by two side stones aligned north-west to south-east and measures 0.85 metres by 0.55 metres and 0.4 metres deep. There is now no coverstone and no cairn within the kerb.
Field investigation on 16th June 1989. A cairn circle and cist on the south-east side of Royal Hill, intervisible with two of three other cairns spaced along the 380 metres contour. The circle is 3.1 metres in overall diameter, comprising nine contiguous thick slabs, up to 0.9 metres long and from 0.3 metres to 0.7 metres high. Two others are fallen and slightly displaced while a third, within the west side of the circle, may be from a gap in the north-west. There is virtually no cairn material but the interior has been levelled up to a height of 0.1 metres on the east, downhill side. A central cist oriented west-north-west to east-south-east is represented by two side stones which protrude 0.15 metres above ground. They are 1.2 metres and 0.9 metres long and both about 0.2 metres thick and 0.4 metres deep. The longer, northern one leans inwards and touches the other at the west end; at the east end the stones are 0.8 metres apart seperated by two flat (packing ?) stones each about 0.35 metres across. An overgrown and embedded slab against the circle west if the cist may have been an end stone. The cover stone probably suffered the common fate of being cut into posts, but a trimmed stone, 1.1 metres long and 0.35 metres square, lies 0.7 metres outside the circle on the south-west and may be a relic.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 72, D21.
SDV261771Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1969. NMR SX6273. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1.
SDV265354Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1908. 27th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 34. Digital. 85, Figure.
SDV265355Article in Serial: Burnard, R.. 1890. Notes on Dartmoor Kistvaens. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 22. A5 Hardback. 205.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 153.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336772Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1906. 107SW. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 230-234, Map 65, Figure 65.6.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV345669Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1928. 47th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 60. Unknown. 77, Plate 5, Figure 3.
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #129270 ]
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 443334, SX67SW35.

Associated Monuments

MDV6304Related to: Cairn and cist on south-east side of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV6309Related to: Cairn and cist south-east side of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV130297Related to: Cairn on summit of the south-eastern projection of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV6310Related to: Cairn on summit of the south-eastern projection of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV28603Related to: Cairn to the east of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8628 - Tor Royal Farm Duchy Farms Survey

Date Last Edited:Mar 18 2021 11:22AM