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HER Number:MDV6309
Name:Cairn and cist south-east side of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest

Summary

Cairn '3' (Butler) with a cist to the south-east side of Royal Hill

Location

Grid Reference:SX 620 720
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67SW39
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/62
  • Old SAM County Ref: 728
  • Pastscape: 443346

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN CIRCLE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CIST (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Kistvaen (Remains of)' shown on 19th century map with an enclosing corcle.

Burnard, R., 1890, Notes on Dartmoor Kistvaens, 206 (Article in Serial). SDV265355.

Ordnance Survey, 1906, 107SW (Cartographic). SDV336772.

Shown on early 20th century map.

Worth, R. H., 1908, 27th Report of the Barrow Committee, 85, Figure (Article in Serial). SDV265354.

Royal hill, south. Cist, previously surrounded by stone circle. One side stone and both end stones remain in place. Exact length and width not ascertainable.

Worth, R. H., 1928, 47th Report of the Barrow Committee, 77, Plate 5, Figure 1 (Article in Serial). SDV345669.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 152, Lydford 88 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visited on 19th July 1974. Cairn to the south-east of Royal Hill. Cairn with retaining circle or ellipse of twelve or more slabs several of which lean outwards enclosing cist, placed east-south-east to west-north-west. Diameter 4.5 metres, height 0.3 metres.

Robinson, R., 1982, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982 (Un-published). SDV342809.

Site visit on 20th January 1982.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on aerial photograph.

Robinson, R., 1986, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986 (Un-published). SDV345664.

Site visit on 31st July 1986.

Fletcher, M. J., 1989, Royal Commission Field Investigation (Report - Survey). SDV261736.

A cairn and cist, the southernmost of four, spaced along the contour on the east side of Royal Hill, in a relatively stone free area. It is intervisible with the cairn to the north. The cairn is 4.9 metres in diameter and 0.4 metres high with a flattish, platform, top. It is retained by a kerb of almost contiguous orthostats, the largest 1.1 metre long, 0.2 metres thick, and 0.6 metres high. A few are fallen or displaced. The central cist is oriented west-north-west to east-south-east, lacking both coverstone and northern side slab. Internally it measures 1.35 metres by 0.75 metres by 0.55 metres deep. The southern side slab is 1.5 metres long, 0.15 metres thick and 0.6 metres deep. The east one is of similar thickness, 0.6 metres long, with 0.3 metres of its depth exposed. Two small slabs, up to 0.5 metres high, are set into the west end of the cist and may have supported a possible side slab, 0.4 metres square, which lies in the bottom of the cist. Internally the cist is 1.35 metres long and 0.75 metres wide. Reference to an Ordnance Survey sketch plan of 1950 and the 1980 amendments to Worth's plan show a continuation of minor interference to this monument since 1905.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 47, 75, figure 17, E31 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Platform circle. Nearly complete kerb of stones, 4.2 metres internal diameter, encloses flat-topped cairn 0.2 metres high, with central cist.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 230-234, Map 65, Figure 65.6 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Royal Hill E. '3' at SX62017208 of 4.7 metres diameter by 0.5 metres high with a cist. Fourteen slabs remain around the cairn with two more lying flat outside the circle and one of the side stones of the cist has been displaced sideways from the central pit.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Clearly visible on aerial photograph.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 443346, SX67SW39 (Website). SDV363416.

Site visited on 29th August 1950. Kist and retaining circle of cairn. The retaining circle is 4.5 metres diameter, and the height of the remaining earthen mound is 0.7 metres. The condition of the retaining circle is good although 2 stones at the eastern entrance are fallen. The cairn contains a cist, of which only the southern side stone and eastern end stone remain. Some stones at the western end appear to be reinforcements to the missing end stone. The cist depth is 0.65 metres. A large flat granite stone within the cist may be the missing end stone. The cist is 1.35 metres by 0.7 metres wide. Conditions of cairn good, of cist ruinous.
Field investigation on 6th February 1980. At SX 62017207 to the south-east of Royal Hill at 379 metres OD is the remains of a cairn with a kerb containing a cist with no coverstone. The cairn, 0.6 metres high, is contained within the 5.0 metres diameter kerb. The cist, aligned north-west to south-east measures 1.3 metres by 0.6 metres and is 0.6 metres deep. The fallen stone planned by
Worth now lies beyond the kerb.
Field Investigation on 6th February 1989. A cairn and cist, the southernmost of four, spaced along the contour on the east side of Royal Hill, in a relatively stone free area. The cairn is 4.9 metres in diameter and 0.4 metres high with a flattish, platform, top. It is retained by a kerb of almost contiguous orthostats, the largest 1.1 metres long, 0.2 metres thick, and 0. 6 metres high. A few are fallen or displaced. The central cist is oriented west-north-west to east-south-east, lacking both coverstone and north side slab. Internally it measures 1.35 metres by 0.75 metres by 0.55 metres deep. The south side slab is 1.5 metres long, 0.15 metres thick and 0.6 metres deep. The eastern one is of similar thickness, 0.6 metres long, with 0.3 metres of its depth exposed. Two small slabs, up to 0.5 metres high, are set into the west end of the cist and may have supported a possible side slab, 0.4 metres square, which lies in the bottom of the cist. Internally the cist is 1.35 metres long and 0.75 metres wide.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Cist' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1002591 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This monument includes a platform cairn with kerb and cist situated on the eastern slopes of Royal Hill overlooking the valley of the River Swincombe. The platform cairn survives as a flat topped stony mound defined by an outer kerb of approximately 14 stone slabs which form a ring with a diameter of up to 4.9 metres and 0.6 metrs high. Two further slabs have been displaced and lie outside the retaining kerb. Within the cairn is a stone lined cist which measures up to 1.4 metres long by 0.8 metres wide. The coverstone and an end stone have been displaced. The relative lack of spoil from the early partial excavation of this cairn and cist suggest the cist was never deeply covered with a cairn of stones.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 47, 75, figure 17, E31.
SDV261736Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. J.. 1989. Royal Commission Field Investigation.
SDV265354Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1908. 27th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 34. Digital. 85, Figure.
SDV265355Article in Serial: Burnard, R.. 1890. Notes on Dartmoor Kistvaens. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 22. A5 Hardback. 206.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 152, Lydford 88.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336772Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1906. 107SW. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 230-234, Map 65, Figure 65.6.
SDV342809Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1982. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Unknown.
SDV345664Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1986. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV345669Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1928. 47th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 60. Unknown. 77, Plate 5, Figure 1.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #129266 ]
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 443346, SX67SW39.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1002591.

Associated Monuments

MDV6304Related to: Cairn and cist on south-east side of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV6305Related to: Cairn and cist on south-east side of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV130297Related to: Cairn on summit of the south-eastern projection of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV6310Related to: Cairn on summit of the south-eastern projection of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV28603Related to: Cairn to the east of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8628 - Tor Royal Farm Duchy Farms Survey

Date Last Edited:Mar 18 2021 11:23AM