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HER Number:MDV6310
Name:Cairn on summit of the south-eastern projection of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest

Summary

Cairn '1' (Butler) on the summit of the south-eastern projection of Royal Hill

Location

Grid Reference:SX 618 719
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67SW40
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/63
  • Old SAM County Ref: 727
  • Pastscape: 443349

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Tumulus' shown on 19th century map.

Burnard, R., 1890, Notes on Dartmoor Kistvaens, 206 (Article in Serial). SDV265355.

A fine cairn which appears to have been opened from the top. It should be reopened from the circumference on ground level.

Ordnance Survey, 1906, 126NW (Cartographic). SDV156247.

Shown on early 20th century map.

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs, 2149 3431 (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Photograph taken on 11th July 1947.

Cocks, J. V. S., 1971-1973, The Stannary Bounds of Plympton and Tavistock, 77 (Article in Serial). SDV265089.

Broken barrows. This tumulus was on the boundary of the Plympton stannary in 17th century.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 153 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visited on 19th July 1974. Cairn with large hollow towards centre, south-east side. On Royal Hill, diameter 18.0 metres, height 1.5 metres.

Greeves, T., 1982, Cairn on Royal Hill (Worksheet). SDV265088.

Site visited on 29th June 1982. Cairn undisturbed.
Site visited on 23rd August 1982. Cairn has suffered some damage. A pit measuring 1 metre deep and 1 metre wide dug into it. Only loose stone visible in sides of pit. Also in three other places around its lip the cairn has been damaged. Stones replaced as far as possible.

Robinson, R., 1982, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982 (Un-published). SDV342809.

Site visited on 6th October 1982.

Hemery, E., 1983, High Dartmoor (Monograph). SDV249702.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Visible on aerial photograph and recorded.

Robinson, R., 1986, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986 (Un-published). SDV345664.

Site visited on 31st July 1986.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 230-234, Map 65, Figure 65.4 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Royal Hill E. '1' cairn at SX61817194 of 15.5 metres diameter by 2.0 metres high is a mass of small stones prominent on the highest point of the south-eastern projection of the hill with a satellite cairn 30 metres to the west.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Cairn shown on survey.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 443349, SX67SW40 (Website). SDV363416.

Site visit 15th June 1950. Cairn south of Royal Hill, on summit of 21 metres diameter by maximum height of 1.8 metres. Cairn with large hollow in centre, turf covered.
Field Investigation on 12th August 1977. A cairn situated on the flat crest of the south-east spur of
Royal Hill at 395 metres OD being a mound of partly-turf-covered large stones with a depression in the centre. Its diameter is 16.0 metres and its maximum height 1.6 metres.
At SX 61817194. This impressive disturbed turf-covered cairn on the summit area of Royal Hill at 394 metres OD. It measures 16.4 metres (north to south) by 15.6 metres (east to west) with a maximum height of 1.8 metres. The flattish top has an off-centre pit 4.5 metres by 2.4 metres and 0.8 metres deep with some upcast material dumped around the top edge.
Damage to the perimeter, reported in 1982, has mostly been reinstated. The cairn is variously named 'Broken Barrow', 'Broken Barrows' and 'Brokenborough'.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Cairn' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1002590 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This monument includes a round cairn situated on the summit of a south eastern projection of Royal Hill overlooking the valley of the Strane River. The cairn survives as a circular stony mound measuring up to 16 metres in diameter and 0.2 metres high. There is a hollow in the mound indicating early partial excavation or robbing. There is a slight depression to the east indicating a mainly buried outer surrounding ditch. The cairn is variously known as ‘Broken Barrow’ or ‘Brokenborough’ and was one of the tin bounds for the Stannary of Plympton in the 17th century.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV156247Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1906. 126NW. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV249702Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. High Dartmoor. High Dartmoor. Hardback Volume.
SDV265088Worksheet: Greeves, T.. 1982. Cairn on Royal Hill.
SDV265089Article in Serial: Cocks, J. V. S.. 1971-1973. The Stannary Bounds of Plympton and Tavistock. Devon and Cornwall Notes & Queries. 32. 77.
SDV265355Article in Serial: Burnard, R.. 1890. Notes on Dartmoor Kistvaens. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 22. A5 Hardback. 206.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 153.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 230-234, Map 65, Figure 65.4.
SDV342809Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1982. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Unknown.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital). 2149 3431.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV345664Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1986. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 443349, SX67SW40.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #129263 ]
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1002590.

Associated Monuments

MDV6304Related to: Cairn and cist on south-east side of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV6305Related to: Cairn and cist on south-east side of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV6309Related to: Cairn and cist south-east side of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV130297Related to: Cairn on summit of the south-eastern projection of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV28603Related to: Cairn to the east of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8628 - Tor Royal Farm Duchy Farms Survey

Date Last Edited:Mar 18 2021 11:42AM