HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV6366
Name:Cross north-east of Nun's Cross, Dartmoor Forest

Summary

Wayside cross known locally either as 'Goldsmith’s Cross' or 'Foxtor Mires Cross'.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 616 701
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67SW51
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/76
  • Old SAM County Ref: 622
  • Pastscape: 443382

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS (Constructed, Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 108 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I, 309 (Article in Serial). SDV240502.

On the moor south-east of Siward's Cross, near the head of Fox Tor Mire. Type A. Small cross of rough rectangular section mounted upon a massive boulder. The arms expand slightly outwards. The cross is broken across below the arms and the upper portion is secured to the shaft with iron clamps.

Fox, A., 1969, Swincombe Survey, 8 (Report - Survey). SDV250998.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 222-3, Map 64 (Monograph). SDV337765.

'Goldsmith's Cross' is cemented in place on a natural rock. It lay fractured and unremarked beside the boulder which had been cut to take the shaft until noticed by Goldsmith in 1903 who had it re-erected in its original position.

Stanbrook, E., 2003, Ancient and Modern; Anniversaries for Two Dartmoor Crosses, 30-31 (Article in Serial). SDV263047.

'Goldsmith’s Cross’ rediscovered by Leutenant M. Lennon Goldsmith, who recruited four sailors to cement the cross back in the socket in 1903. Unknown to Crossing at the time he published his book on crosses in 1902, it was included in the 1910 edition of his 'Guide to Dartmoor'. It possibly marked a safe route across the bog from Whiteworks.

English Heritage, 2005, Survey Information (miscellaneous date) (Report - Survey). SDV345855.

Cross shown on survey.

Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

'Cross' is depicted on the modern mapping.

Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England, 1002560, Accessed 11/07/2016 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

This monument includes a wayside cross situated on the lowest northern slopes of Crane Hill immediately south of Foxtor Mires. The cross survives as a Latin cross with a repaired shaft set into a socket cut into a massive natural triangular boulder. The cross measures up to 0.9m high and 0.55m wide at the arms. The shaft has been repaired just below the arms and is cemented and joined with iron clamps. At this joint the two shaft sections differ in width suggesting a section of shaft may be missing. It was re-erected and restored in 1903 by Goldsmith who found the cross lying broken beside the socket stone. It is known locally either as Goldsmith’s Cross or Foxtor Mires Cross. Further archaeological remains survive in the vicinity some are scheduled but others are not because they have not been formally assessed. There are several wayside crosses amongst this number which appear to be connected with the Abbot’s Way or acting as route markers around Foxtor Mires.
Despite having been toppled and broken and subsequently repaired the wayside cross 1190m ENE of Nun’s Cross Farm survives comparatively well and is in its original location. It has survived despite being the subject of iconoclastic damage probably during the Reformation and being located extremely close to tinworks in its immediate vicinity. It still retains its original importance as a way marker associated with both the Abbot’s Way and Foxtor Mires.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 10 November 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
(Scheduled area shown 70 metres to the east).

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 443382, SX67SW51 (Website). SDV363416.

Site visited on 6th June 1950. The cross at SX61647015 is as described by Masson Phillips, the cross is 1.0 metre high and the arms are 0.5 metres wide. It is not incised, as was suggested in a publication by Worth in 1948; appears to be an inaccuracy.
A small latin cross with slightly expanded arms. The head has been broken off and is now secured to the shaft with iron clamps. The cross is mounted upon a massive boulder. (2)
Field Investigation on 15th August 1977. A stone cross 0.9 metres in height set upon a large boulder, the head fixed to the shaft with iron clamps. Width of arms 0.5 metres.
Field Investigation on 6th June 1988. A repaired Greek cross set into a large boulder in an area of extensive tinner's pits. The cross head 0.55 metres wide, 0.4 metres high and 0.2 metres deep with slightly splayed arms. Its 2 centimetres of shaft are smaller in section than the piece to which it is now clamped and connected. This suggests that a part is missing from an originally taller, tapering, shaft.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback. 309.
SDV250998Report - Survey: Fox, A.. 1969. Swincombe Survey. Unknown. 8.
SDV263047Article in Serial: Stanbrook, E.. 2003. Ancient and Modern; Anniversaries for Two Dartmoor Crosses. Dartmoor Magazine. 71. Digital. 30-31.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 108.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 222-3, Map 64.
SDV345855Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Survey Information (miscellaneous date). English Heritage. Digital.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #129220 ]
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1002560, Accessed 11/07/2016.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 443382, SX67SW51.

Associated Monuments

MDV130292Related to: Group of trial pits around Cross to the south of Fox Tor mire, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV5076Related to: The Abbot's Way, Dartmoor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8630 - Fox Tor Newtake Duchy Farms Survey

Date Last Edited:Mar 15 2021 10:29AM