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HER Number:MDV6379
Name:Oval enclosure with two huts south-west of Venford Reservoir Dam, Holne

Summary

A sub-circular Enclosure 'D' (Butler) containing two hut circles adjacent to the south-west corner of the fence surrounding Venford Reservoir. The enclosure measures 23 metres north-south by 18 metres and is bounded by a turf-covered stoney bank 1.2 metres wide and around 0.4 metres high.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 680 705
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHolne
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHOLNE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 67 SE 32
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/4
  • Old SAM County Ref: 875
  • Old SAM Ref: 22373.03
  • Pastscape: 442947

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 4366-4367 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Royal Air Force, 1948, RAF/CPE/UK/2588, 5052-3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV168641.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX67SE32 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV171027.

(26/04/1950) Enclosure and hut circles south-west of Holne Reservoir. A small circular enclosure (diameter 64m, wall height 0.2m) containing two hut circles. Walls of enclosure very poor, consisting of small stones and turf, the whole of which does not rise much more than 0.2m above ground level. Entrance not visible. The hut circle is attached to the enclosure wall. No obvious entrance.

Ancient Monuments, 1971, Notes on scheduled site (Schedule Document). SDV171019.

(04/02/1971) The remains of a dry stone wall enclosure, enclosing the remains of a hut circle.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX67SE32 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV171026.

(07/07/1977) SX 6807 7054: A homestead comprising an enclosure with two huts lies on a gentle well-drained slope at the east end of a small spur at 335 metres above OD. The circular enclosure, diameter 25 metres has a wall in poor condition about 1.4 metres wide internally faced with orthostats. The two terraced type III huts, average internal diameter 4 metres have south east facing entrances and are built on the line of the enclosure wall. The interior of the enclosure and adjacent hillside is clear of boulders but there is no evidence of cultivation. 1:10 000 survey revised on PFD.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Ovoidal-shaped enclosure with two incorporated hut circles visible on the 1946 Royal Air Force aerial photographs.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 189, Map 60, Figure 60.9, (Monograph). SDV337765.

Enclosure 'D' at 'Venford Valley South famsteads' is a relatively well-preserved oval measuring 28.5 metres by 18.0 metres, with a pair of huts attached to the west side of the thin walled circuit.

Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P., 1997, Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (Report - Survey). SDV173671.

(18/04/1996) Centred SX 6807 7054: A sub-circular enclosure containing two hut circles adjacent to the south-west corner of the fence surrounding Venford Reservoir. The enclosure measures 23 metres north-south by 18 metres and is bounded by a turf-covered stoney bank 1.2 metres wide and around 0.4 metres high. Inside and adjacent to the west edge of the enclosure are two hut circles (see related record).

Ancient Monuments, 2000-2001, Enclosed prehistoric settlement and round cairn 880m south-west of Venford Reservoir Dam (Schedule Document). SDV153094.

Settlement includes at least four enclosures, of which this is the central. Oval. Abuts two earlier huts along its western circuit. A length of curving wall to north-east probably represents an outlying part.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Enclosure shown on survey.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV153094Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 2000-2001. Enclosed prehistoric settlement and round cairn 880m south-west of Venford Reservoir Dam. The Schedule of Monuments.
SDV168641Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1948. RAF/CPE/UK/2588. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. 5052-3.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4366-4367.
SDV171019Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1971. Notes on scheduled site. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
SDV171026Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX67SE32. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV171027Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX67SE32. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV173671Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P.. 1997. Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. [Mapped feature: #126721 ]
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 189, Map 60, Figure 60.9,.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV64119Related to: Enclosure with huts south-west of the Venford Reservoir Dam, Holne (Monument)
MDV12985Related to: Enclosures with a hut south-west of Venford Reservoir (Monument)
MDV25399Related to: Holne Moor Leat (Monument)
MDV6380Related to: Huts in oval enclosure south-west of Venford Reservoir (Monument)
MDV64120Related to: Round cairn south-west of Venford Reservoir Dam, Holne (Monument)
MDV6268Related to: Wheal Emma Leat (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7100 - Holne Moor Survey

Date Last Edited:Jan 12 2021 1:40PM