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HER Number:MDV6397
Name:Outer Huccaby Ring, north of Huccaby Tor

Summary

Outer Huccaby Ring earthwork; a sub-rectangular banked enclosure. The bank is grassed over rubble. There is a probable entrance on the south-west side. A hillslope enclosure in rough moorland measuring 105m east-west and 95m north-south with a bank of small stones averaging 0.6m high. It is of prehistoric date with later additions.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 655 744
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67SE20
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 442913
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/20
  • Old SAM County Ref: 800
  • Old SAM Ref: 34462

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC? (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV265436.

Des=os survey drawing 1:2500(undated, c.1980)/in parish file.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV265441.

Des=hazell, e. /decoding huccaby ring + outer huccaby ring/(2/9/2002)/in pf.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map, 107NE (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 4424-4425 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1951/1980, SX67SE20 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV265435.

(24/08/1951) A prominent feature with banks varying in height and width except for a break in the south-eastern 17m wide. Height 0.1m - 0.4m, width 0.5m - 2.0m.
(06/03/1980) On a south west slope at 355m OD is a prominent sub-rectangular enclosure known as "Outer Huccaby Ring" It measures 105m east-west and 95m north-south within a bank of small stone averaging 3.0m wide and 0.6m high. Thee is a simple entrance to the south and possibly another at the south east where a large slab is set across the end of the bank and there is a 3.0m gap.
An outer bank and ditch follows part of the south side west of the entrance, its purpose is obscure as is that of the 0.2m scarp in the north of the otherwise featureless interior. (See plan). The earthwork is joined on its north and east by Medieval or later field banks with accompanying ditches, and is cut by a leat and footpath. The work is in fair condition.
Surveyed at 1:2500 on MSD and at 1:1250 for AO Records.

Grinsell, L. V., 1970, Discovering Regional Archaeology: South Western England, 26 (Monograph). SDV304192.

Outer Huccaby Ring is a hill slope enclosure which may be Iron Age.

Ancient Monuments, 1970, Schedule notes (Schedule Document). SDV265426.

(06/05/1970) Outer Huccaby Ring earthwork. A sub-rectangular banked enclosure. The bank is grassed over rubble. There is a probable entrance on the south-western side. The enclosure is cut by a recent north-south drainage gully. "This is a hill slope enclosure on a south-western slope overlooking the West Dart" (Grinsell, 11970).

Ordnance Survey, 1975, OS/75/298, 091 (Aerial Photograph). SDV346964.

National Monument Record, 1977, SX6575, 1/365-385 (Aerial Photograph). SDV247974.

Hemery, E., 1983, High Dartmoor, 448 (Monograph). SDV249702.

Additional bibliography.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Substantial rectangular enclosure visible on 1947 RAF and 1977 NMR aerial photographs.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1987-1993, Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit, P. Pattison (Report - Survey). SDV350839.

(11/11/1988) A hillslope enclosure situated at SX65547442 in rough moorland within Brimpts Outer Newtake.
Survey and field report by the Ordnance Survey (1980) are basically correct, with the following additions.
Medieval/Post Medieval cornditch-type boundaries (SX 67 SE 97) join the Ring in four places (A, B, C and D) in such a way as to suggest that their layout as fields is influenced by the orientation of the Ring. Further, the SW external and NE internal scarps of the enclosure are longer and more prominent than those on the remainder of the circuit (SW internal scarp has visually gone) strongly suggestive of lynchet formation and ploughing inside the Ring. Rig and furrow visible on AP's (9b) and just discernible on the ground NW,W and S of the Ring lends support to use of the Ring as part of this general field group of late date (see SX 67 SE 97).
An "entrance" at the SE corner cannot be called original; as inner scarp survives suggesting it is a breach to gain access to the interior probably is a later, agricultural use of the Ring.
The leat which cuts the NW and SE sides of the Ring is the Brimpts Mine Leat (SX 67 SE 134), a 19th century feature connected with tin mining.
Outer Huccaby Ring belongs to a class of hillslope enclosures generally regarded as prehistoric. There is no evidence to suggest that it is specifically Iron Age (contra Grinsell, 1970).

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 157135 (10/5/2002) (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(10/05/2002) Outer Huccaby Ring. Earthwork with occasional edge set stone. Bank covered in dense gorse. Within enclosure mainly gorse, grass and some heather.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 56, fig 28.2 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 56, fig 28.2.
SDV247974Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1977. SX6575. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 1/365-385.
SDV249702Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. High Dartmoor. High Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 448.
SDV265426Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1970. Schedule notes. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
SDV265435Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1951/1980. SX67SE20. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV265436Migrated Record:
SDV265441Migrated Record:
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 157135 (10/5/2002).
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4424-4425.
SDV304192Monograph: Grinsell, L. V.. 1970. Discovering Regional Archaeology: South Western England. Discovering Regional Archaeology: South Western England. Paperback. 26.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital). 107NE.
SDV346964Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1975. OS/75/298. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. 091.
SDV350839Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1987-1993. Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. Unknown. P. Pattison.

Associated Monuments

MDV6520Related to: Bronze age field system with enclosures adjacent to reave on Huccaby newtake (Monument)
MDV6405Related to: Huccaby Ring, west of Snider Park Plantation, Dartmeet (Monument)
MDV25984Related to: Leat supplying Brimpts Tin Mines (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8634 - Brimpts Farm, Duchy Farms Survey
  • EDV8409 - Dartmoor Royal Forest Project

Date Last Edited:Mar 3 2022 11:54AM