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HER Number:MDV6400
Name:Down Ridge Stone Circle

Summary

Down Ridge stone circle situated on a gentle north facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Dart. The stone circle measures 25 meters in diameter and is denoted by five upright granite slabs, standing up to 1.45 meters high, which are confined to its south western sector. A further six recumbent stones lie where they have fallen. The stone circle was partially excavated in 1904 by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee and their work revealed the original ground surface covered with charcoal. An associated outlying standing stone is located 85 meters south-east of the stone circle and survives as a triangular shaped block up to 0.86 meters high.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 655 720
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 443043
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/23
  • Old SAM County Ref: 794
  • Old SAM Ref: 28737

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE CIRCLE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1939, Two Stone Circles on Dartmoor, Swincombe Valley, and West Dart Valley, with a note on the Grey Wethers, 322-325 (Article in Serial). SDV344944.

Remains of a stone circle known as 'Down Ridge Circle'. It consists of a quadrant of an 81ft 2 ins diameter circle described by four slablike upright stones and three fallen stones (Plan). Much robbing for adjacent enclosure walls, stones relatively large, suggestion that it was originally a retaining circle, though no grave is visible. Other details: Plate 18, figure 4.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX67SE64 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV363702.

(18/03/1980) On a north slope at 378m OD is the remains of 'Down Ridge Circle', (name confirmed), as described and planned by Worth. The largest remaining stone of the circle, which would have been about 25.0m in diameter, is 2.6m long and 1.7m high (see general picture). Surveyed at 1:2500 on MSD.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on 1977 National Monuments Record aerial photographs.

Robinson, R., 1986, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986 (Un-published). SDV345664.

Site visit 31st July 1986.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 60, 80 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Stone circle 22 meters in diameter. 6 stones, 2 fallen. One stone is 3.0 meters wide and 1.7 meters high. Other details: G9.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 202 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Other details: Figure 61.5.

Probert, S. A. J., 1997, Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (Report - Survey). SDV173671.

(31/01/1996) This feature is as previously described. Surveyed at 1:200.

Gerrard, S., 1999, Untitled Source, 152138 (Un-published). SDV219039.

Down Ridge stone circle standing 940 meters west-north-west of Saddle Bridge. Stone circle which has been extensively robbed. The largest slab stands up to 1.45 meters high. There is considerable erosion around all 5 upright stones. A further 6 recumbent stones may have originally formed part of the circle which measures 25 meters in diameter. Part excavated by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, this work revealed the original ground surface covered with charcoal. Grass, rushes and heather. Stone cutting pits in the vicinity are excluded.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

'Stone circle (remains of)' depicted on the modern mapping.

English Heritage, 2011, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV347072.

The monument, which falls into two areas of protection, includes a stone circle and an associated outlying outlying standing stone situated on a gentle north facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Dart. The stone circle measures 25 meters in diameter and is denoted by five upright granite slabs, standing up to 1.45 meters high, which are confined to its south western sector. A further six recumbent stones lie where they have fallen. The stone circle was partially excavated in 1904 by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee and their work revealed the original ground surface covered with charcoal. The standing stone lies 85 meters south-east of the stone circle and survives as a triangular shaped block up to 0.86 meters high, tapering to a roughly rounded top (scheduled 1971, amended 2001). Other details: SAM ID: 28737.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV173671Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 1997. Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.
SDV219039Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 1999. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Unknown. 152138.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 60, 80.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 202.
SDV344944Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1939. Two Stone Circles on Dartmoor, Swincombe Valley, and West Dart Valley, with a note on the Grey Wethers. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 71. A5 Hardback. 322-325.
SDV345664Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1986. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #97488 ]
SDV347072National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2011. National Heritage List for England. Website.

Associated Monuments

MDV54387Related to: Hut circle C on Down Ridge (Monument)
MDV123227Related to: Hut circle D on Down Ridge (Monument)
MDV123228Related to: Hut circle E on Down Ridge (Monument)
MDV27688Related to: Part of the Dartmeet parallel reave system north of the Down Ridge stone circle (Monument)
MDV61307Related to: Standing stone south-east of the Down Ridge stone circle (Monument)
MDV15078Related to: Venford Reave (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8146 - Royal Commission Survey at Down Ridge and Swincombe

Date Last Edited:Jun 9 2020 1:22PM