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HER Number:MDV6415
Name:Cocks Lake Farmstead south of Outer Huccaby Ring


Cocks Lake farmstead also known as Coxlake shown on 19th and early 20th century maps


Grid Reference:SX 653 742
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Remains of prehistoric field systems and hut circle settlements, as well as funerary monuments above the Cherry Brook Valley, medieval field system west of Outer Huccaby Ring and deserted Coxlake farmstead as well as the Brimpts Tin Mine leat

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/35
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (XVIII to XIX - 1800 AD to 1900 AD (Between))
  • SCHOOL (XVIII to XIX - 1800 AD to 1850 AD? (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Small square enclosure with several buildings shown on 19th century map.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Outline of enclosure and buildings shown on early 20th century map.

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 4424-5 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.

Photograph taken on 11th June 1947.

Royal Air Force, 1961, 58/4424, F43.179 (Aerial Photograph). SDV280247.

Photograph taken on 25th May 1961.

Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon, 124-5, Table 2 (Article in Serial). SDV307246.

A deserted building with enclosures known as Cocks Lake. Building shows late development.

Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, 20,Plan (Un-published). SDV150434.

Site visited on 5th November 1966. A longhouse with five rooms and a small modern house added. Windows, doors visible on north and south. Unusual fireplace of dry stone construction and overgrown by vegetation.

Hemery, E., 1983, High Dartmoor (Monograph). SDV249702.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Mostly overgrown by trees but visible on the 1947 aerial photograph within a field system.

Fletcher, M. J., 1988, Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England (Report - Survey). SDV214888.

Site visited on 16th April 1988. Coxlake, Cox-Lake or Cocks Lake, now part of Sherberton Farm was, in 1786, a newtake of just over 28 acres with a house. By 1839 the house was in ruins although the holding was still intact. The roofless ruin at SX65397422 which might incorporate the foundations of a longhouse lies down a shallow western slope. It is very dilapidated and covered by dense vegetation growth; parts of the walling have been rather crudely rebuilt. The modern 'house' or lean-to has been added to the south side and the walling is circa 1.4 metres high. The compact holding is sub-divided into small field plots which are bounded either by coursed drystone walls on average 1.1 metres high or cornditch-type banks which are 0.8 metres high, 2.9 metres wide earthen banks with one vertical revetted face accompanied by a wide ditch. Similar cornditch banks occur in the Medieval field system to the east on Brimpts Farm and also in places within the field pattern on Sherberton to the south-west. The fields now mostly under rough pasture and gorse may once have been under ridge and furrow.

Stanbrook, M., 1991, Old Dartmoor Schools Remembered, 73 (Monograph). SDV359884.

About a mile west of Brimpts, in the ruins of Cock's Lake Farm are the remains of a building with a doorway and fireplace which is known locally as 'The School House' or 'The School Teachers House', although no one knows when it was used. It may have been one of the dame schools supported by the Widecombe and Dartmoor Charity.

Gerrard, S., 1993-2002, Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report (Report - non-specific). SDV145710.

White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads, Cocks Lake (Un-published). SDV352501.

Cocks Lake with a longhouse.

Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

Outline of structures shown on modern mapping.

National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape, 443094, SX67SE81 (Website). SDV359354.

A deserted building with enclosures at known as Cocks Lake.
A longhouse divided into five rooms, with a small modern house added. The buildings are of drystone construction.
A building complex with five or six rooms, their tumbled walling measuring 0.7 metres thick and averaging 0.9 metres high. The large room at the east end appears to have had a cross passage; the adjacent room has a fireplace in the west wall, the southerly building at with window spaces and a possible fireplace at its east end, may be a later dwelling. It is impossible to be certain whether the ruins represent one farmhouse and shippon, two dwellings and a shippon or a longhouse that has been subsequently extended. The general impression is that of a 18th century or later steading.
Cox Lake served as a school for the local community until it was replace as such by St Raphael's, Huccaby.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV145710Report - non-specific: Gerrard, S.. 1993-2002. Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report. English Heritage. Unknown.
SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital. 20,Plan.
SDV214888Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. J.. 1988. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field/Recording In. Unknown.
SDV249702Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. High Dartmoor. High Dartmoor. Hardback Volume.
SDV280247Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1961. 58/4424. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). F43.179.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4424-5.
SDV307246Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital. 124-5, Table 2.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet. Cocks Lake.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #97518 ]
SDV359354Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 443094, SX67SE81.
SDV359884Monograph: Stanbrook, M.. 1991. Old Dartmoor Schools Remembered. Old Dartmoor Schools Remembered. Paperback Volume. 73.

Associated Monuments

MDV6403Parent of: Ruined buildings at Cocks Lake (Building)
MDV26476Related to: Field system surrounding Outer Huccaby Ring (Monument)
MDV26236Related to: Fields west of Coxlake settlement and Outer Huccaby Ring (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Sep 25 2018 3:30PM