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HER Number:MDV6421
Name:Eastern Combe deserted settlement north-west of Sharp Tor

Summary

A deserted medieval site consisting of three enclosures containing the remains of two buildings which appear to be 18th century. The most easterly one has a window at its western end. Also traces of a possibly earlier building with yards and a garden. A spring rises in the area.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 682 732
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWidecombe in the Moor
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishWIDECOMBE IN THE MOOR

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 67 SE 87
  • National Monuments Record: SX67SE286
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/40
  • Pastscape: 1471017
  • Pastscape: 443112

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Early Medieval to XIX - 1066 AD to 1899 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

Homestead is depicted on the Tithe Map; field no 2208 house and garden.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The late 19th century historic map depicts the remains of the farm; two buildings still shown.


Royal Air Force, 1951, RAF 540/483, 4094 (Aerial Photograph). SDV262763.


Royal Air Force, 1961, RAF/58/4424, F44.183 (Aerial Photograph). SDV288116.


French, H. + Linehan, C. D., 1963, Abandoned Medieval Sites in Widecombe in the Moor, 174 (Article in Serial). SDV345196.


Linehan, C. D., 1965, Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon (Article in Serial). SDV217992.

There is no certain documentation for this holding, though it is possible that it was held in connection with the warrens on Vaghill and could have been the warreners homestead.


Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon, 132-3 fig (Article in Serial). SDV307246.

Eastern Combe. A deserted medieval site consisting of three enclosures containing the remains of two buildings which appear to be 18th century. The most easterly one has a window at its western end. Also traces of a possibly earlier building with yards and a garden. A spring rises in the area.


Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, 144-145, 2/2/1967 (Un-published). SDV150434.

Vaghill Warren house is mentioned in a lease of 1613. The buildings here probably date to that period. The enclosure walls have all been planted and contain very old trees.


Haynes, R. G., 1970, Vermin Traps and Rabbit Warrens on Dartmoor, 163 (Article in Serial). SDV166302.


Beeson, M. M. R. + Masterman, M. C. H., 1979, An Archaeological Survey of Enclosed Land in Widecombe-In-The-Moor Parish, Vol V, 910, 1/6/1979 (Report - Survey). SDV337078.

Field now surrounded by beech, larch and sycamore trees. Ditch, marking path of stream running down slope through fields. Site of old enclosure running along slope. There is an old granite platform adjoining the field wall, next to the stream. Within the field there are the remains of two buildings - one to the south measures 11 paces by 7 paces and has a granite narrower building 10 paces by 4 paces. See sketch on worksheet.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX67SE87 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV282732.

Undated (c.1980?) Ordnance Surface drawing in parish file shows a pillow mound adjoining the enclosure to the east.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on the 1977 National Monument Record aerial photograph as the probable position of the building is covered in trees.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

Two buildings and oval shaped enclosure are depicted on the modern mapping.


National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape (Website). SDV362732.

An abandoned and ruined farmstead of probable post-medieval origins at the head of East Combe 450 metres north-west of Sharp Tor.
These ruins are sited in sheltered south-facing combe within a lozenge shaped enclosure of dry-stone construction, which although abandoned, remains in an upstanding condition.
Building A is a possible barn or outhouse constructed in moorstone and has internal dimensions of 7.4 metres long by 2.9 metres wide. The walls are 0.75 metres thick and up to 1.8 metres high. An entrance near the south-west corner has been filled with stone at a later date. A possible second entrance is situated on the south end. There is some tumbled stone in the interior and the structure shows signs of alteration. The walls are more robust at the northern end which is probably part of the original structure.
Building B is constructed in moorstone and has internal dimensions of 7.4 metres long by 4.2 metres wide and 0.7 metres thick and stands to 1.0 metre tall at the highest point. The interior is strewn with tumble and is terraced into a slope. There is no visible entrance but there is a possible blocked entrance in the south wall. A small enclosure is attached to the southern end. The buildings are marked on the Ordnance Survey First Edition map (1880s) as roofless and may have been associated with the rabbit warrening activity (SX 67 SE 89) which took place in the vicinity (citing Newman, P., 12/05/2008, English Heritage Archaeological Field Investigation).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital. 144-145, 2/2/1967.
SDV166302Article in Serial: Haynes, R. G.. 1970. Vermin Traps and Rabbit Warrens on Dartmoor. Post-Medieval Archaeology. 4. A4 Bound. 163.
SDV217992Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1965. Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 97. A5 Hardback.
SDV262763Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1951. RAF 540/483. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 4094.
SDV282732Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX67SE87. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV288116Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1961. RAF/58/4424. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Unknown. F44.183.
SDV307246Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital. 132-3 fig.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337078Report - Survey: Beeson, M. M. R. + Masterman, M. C. H.. 1979. An Archaeological Survey of Enclosed Land in Widecombe-In-The-Moor Parish. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. Vols I - V. A4 Comb Bound. Vol V, 910, 1/6/1979.
SDV345196Article in Serial: French, H. + Linehan, C. D.. 1963. Abandoned Medieval Sites in Widecombe in the Moor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 95. A5 Hardback. 174.
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #97536 ]
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website.

Associated Monuments

MDV6522Related to: Combestone Wood building, Vaghill Warren (Monument)
MDV6462Related to: Hut circle 460 meters north-west of Sharp Tor (Monument)
MDV125029Related to: Pillow mound 24 on Yartor Down (Monument)
MDV125413Related to: Ridge and furrow north-west of Sharp Tor (Monument)
MDV6523Related to: Vaghill Warren, Widecombe in the Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Mar 4 2019 2:30PM