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HER Number:MDV6424
Name:Horn's Cross, Holne

Summary

Horn's Cross, Holne is a medieval wayside cross on Holne Moor, measuring over 1.5 metres in height. The cross has been restored and the ancient head piece is joined to the modern shaft by iron clamps. One of the arms is broken off.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 669 710
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHolne
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHOLNE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 442968
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/42
  • Old SAM Ref: 28741

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I, 339-40 (Article in Serial). SDV240502.

Remains of a Latin cross, known as Horn's Cross, mounted on a rough modern shaft set in the original square socket stone. One of the arms is broken off.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX67SE39 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV140425.

The 1937 description is correct. The length of the shaft is 1.9 metres, the width of the arms is 0.6 metres. The whole is set in a large socket stone 0.8 by 0.8 metres. The ancient head piece is joined to the modern shaft by two iron clamps.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on 1946 Royal Air Force aerial photographs.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP152143 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Horn's Cross at SX66997103. Socket stone measures 0.82 metres by 0.89 metres, protrudes 0.33 metres above the ground and is orientated north-east to south-west. The modern shaft is 1.63 metres high and measures 0.35 metres by 0.30 metres at the base tapering to 0.23 metres by 0.34 metres at the top. There are three tare and feather marks on the eastern corner of the shaft, two drill marks on the north face and on the south face is the remnants of an iron rod and associated feather. Head held on by metal bars on the east and west faces. The arms of the cross measure 0.57 metres wide by 0.23 metres high and 0.2 metres thick. The head is 0.22 metres high and 0.20 metres wide. Severe erosion around three sides except the west. Grass around. Tracks approach.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

'Horn's Cross (restored)' depicted on the modern mapping.


English Heritage, 2011, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV347072.

The monument includes a wayside cross known as Horn's Cross situated on a gentle north facing slope of Holne Moor overlooking the valley of the River Dart. The cross includes a socket stone, a crude modern shaft and an original head and arms.
The socket stone measures 0.82 metres by 0.89 metres, protrudes 0.33 metres above the ground and is orientated north-east to south-west. The modern shaft is 1.63 metres high and measures 0.35 metres by 0.3 metres at the base and 0.23 metres by 0.34 metres at the top. The shaft bears traces of tare and feather working indicating that it was produced sometime after 1800. The arms of the cross measure 0.57 metres wide by 0.23 metres high and 0.2 metres thick. The head is 0.22 metres high by 0.2 metres wide (Description 2001). Other details: SAM UID: 28741.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV140425Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX67SE39. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback. 339-40.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP152143.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #97540 ]
SDV347072National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2011. National Heritage List for England. Website.

Associated Monuments

MDV61451Related to: Cairn forming part of a cairn cemetery on Holne Ridge (Monument)
MDV6411Related to: Cairn forming part of a cairn cemetery on Holne Ridge (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7100 - Holne Moor Survey

Date Last Edited:Mar 12 2018 3:21PM