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HER Number:MDV6459
Name:Yar Tor triple stone row

Summary

Fragmentary remains of a triple stone row east of Yar Tor. The rows of stones are aligned north-west to south-east and are associated with two cairns; one at the northern end and another at the southern end of the row.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 680 740
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWidecombe in the Moor
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishWIDECOMBE IN THE MOOR

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument 1003288: Yar Tor stone row and adjacent cist
  • SHINE: Dartmeet Parallel Reave System. Earthworks of an extensive area of prehistoric remains including complex field system, numerous hut circles, enclosures and cairns, overlain by medieval remains including Vaghill Warren, farmsteads and a large field syste

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 67 SE 10
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/73
  • Old SAM County Ref: 529
  • Pastscape: 442883

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. N., 1895, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor: Part 4, 442 (Article in Serial). SDV273221.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Other details: 6 inch, 107 North-east.


Worth, R. H., 1937, 56th Report of the Barrow Committee, 77-8 (Article in Serial). SDV20973.

(Visited during 1936) Yar tor triple stone row. This row has been robbed; the row now commences at a point 6.0 meters from the centre of the barrow at SX680742, on a bearing north 32 degrees west. The space between the barrow and the row is occupied by some old enclosures. The first stones met in the row are; one standing, which is 762 millimetres in length along the row, thickness 178 millimetres, height 457 millimetres; its companion has fallen, and measures 762 millimetres by 457 millimetres by 1.63 millimetres. The distance from centre to centre of the west and central rows is 1.42 meters. From these first remaining stones the row runs north 30 degrees west for the next 61 meters the bearing is north 28 degrees west. At 121 meters from the first stones is a stone which measures 457 millimetres by 483 millimetres at the ground and stands 813 millimetres high. All the stones in this part of the row are rather larger than at the south end.
The rows are spaced west; 1.6 meters central; 1.9 meters east. From the 122 meters the direction of the row is north 24 degrees west; at 152 meters the rows become defective; at 186 meters an old hedge lies partly on the former site of the rows. Bearing north 30 degrees west from the 244 meters lies a small barrow, its distance from the south end of the row being 277 meters. There are indications that the row continued past this barrow on the direction north 24 degrees west.
Returning to the kistvaen, a standing stone lies to the south on a bearing south 30 degrees east and at a distance of 486 meters from the kistvaen. The stone is on the same bearing as the kist and the first stones of the row. The top of the stone has been broken off. There is evidence of the former existence of a short length of triple row quite near the Babeny road, and not far from the kistvaen and this triple row may have extended south as well as north of the kistvaen, which with its barrow broke the line of the row. Other details: Plate 6, Figure 2.


Beckerlegge, J. J., 1939, Eighth Report of the Plymouth and District Branch, 181 (Article in Serial). SDV149484.


Worth, R. H., 1941, Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor, 237 (Article in Serial). SDV251083.

Other details: Figure 8.


Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 308-9 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Yar Tor triple stone row. This row has lost much at the hands of the road makers but the original lengths of this row must have been at least 457 meters. The southern part was noted in 1894 by the brothers Amery and R. N. Worth; it ran very near the road to Sherril and Babeny from Ollsbrim. 16.5 meters in length was traceable. The space between the ? rows was, in width approximately 2.32 meters. Rows run approximately north-west to south-east and is fragmentary. Further detail on row follows. Other details: Plan.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950 - 1951, SX67SE10 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV346981.

This stone row is very fragmentary and the first stone visible lies at 60 meters from the kistvaen. Other details: Plan.


Grinsell, L. V., 1970, Discovering Regional Archaeology: South Western England, 30 (Monograph). SDV304192.

Bronze age triple stone row originally 457.2 meters long. Near the north-west end is a round barrow with interior stone kist and a double retaining circle. The stone rows have in the past been robbed (especially at the ends) for making roads.


Beeson, M. M. R. + Masterman, M. C. H., 1979, An Archaeological Survey of Enclosed Land in Widecombe-In-The-Moor Parish, 1002 (Report - Survey). SDV337078.

Other details: Volume 5.


Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.


Ordnance Survey, 1979, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV346982.

Other details: Survey drawing in parish file.


Cave-Penney, 1985, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV307397.

A double stone row visible. At SX68097400 three rows visible.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East, 126-7 (Monograph). SDV299725.

Triple stone row that has suffered considerable damage over the years. Two parallel reaves were driven across the rows, removing a number of stones and in the medieval period several enclosures were constructed along the hillside from Ollsbrim almost as far as the Sherwell fields. The northern end of the row is effectively lost but the southern end is more certain; the rows probably continuing uphill to the ruins of the Money Pit Cairn (PRN 6460).
The length of the rows from the cairn to the last definite stone at the north end is 250 meters, but they may have continued for a further unknown distance. 124 stones make up the rows, including flat and buried stones and these are generally small, with an average height of 0.16 meters, set fairly consistently 1.7 meters apart. The width between the rows varies somewhat 1.4 – 1.8 meters; the distance gradually narrows in the direction of the cairn.
In 1895 R. N. Worth recorded a short triple row between the Money Pit Cairn and the road, consisting of twelve stones arranged in three rows about 18 meters long, with only two stones in the central row. Butler believes this to be the first group of stones north of the cairn, after which there is a considerable gap before the next group of stones. Other details: Map 14, 11.


Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

Part of Dartmeet coaxial field system (Northern Part) which was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument in 2004. Other details: Site 43.


Newman, P., 2008, Dartmeet Premier Archaeological Landscape (PAL) Field Investigation Project (Report - Survey). SDV347061.

(Visited 14/03/2008) Only 40 stones, including several which remain upright, could be traced during survey for Dartmoor PALs, all heavily covered by furze. In places the layout hints at a triple row. The south cairn is a very spread and slight earthwork with a centrally placed cist. Only the north and west side slabs of the cist remain in situ though a misplaced slab lies to one side of the chamber. Eleven slabs forming a kerb of approximately 3 metres surrounding the cist remain in situ. Several additional stones survive, protruding just above the surface of the flattened cairn, which are likely to be evidence of an outer circle with a diameter of approximately 11m. The north cairn comprises vegetation covered mound of earth, slightly ovoid in shape, 6 metres by 6.3 metres by 1 metres high.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149484Article in Serial: Beckerlegge, J. J.. 1939. Eighth Report of the Plymouth and District Branch. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 71. A5 Hardback. 181.
SDV20973Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1937. 56th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A4 Unbound. 77-8.
SDV251083Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1941. Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 73. 237.
SDV251087Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 111.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 308-9.
SDV273221Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1895. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor: Part 4. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 27. Digital. 442.
SDV299725Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. One. Paperback Volume. 126-7.
SDV304192Monograph: Grinsell, L. V.. 1970. Discovering Regional Archaeology: South Western England. Discovering Regional Archaeology: South Western England. Unknown. 30.
SDV307397Report - Survey: Cave-Penney. 1985. Unknown.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337078Report - Survey: Beeson, M. M. R. + Masterman, M. C. H.. 1979. An Archaeological Survey of Enclosed Land in Widecombe-In-The-Moor Parish. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. Vols I - V. A4 Comb Bound. 1002.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #97626 ]
SDV346981Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950 - 1951. SX67SE10. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV346982Report - Survey: Ordnance Survey. 1979. Ordnance Survey 1:1250. Unknown.
SDV347061Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2008. Dartmeet Premier Archaeological Landscape (PAL) Field Investigation Project. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.

Associated Monuments

MDV14377Related to: Barrow 150 meters north-east of Yar Tor, Corndon Down (Monument)
MDV6460Related to: Cairn near Yar Tor stone row, Yartor Down (Monument)
MDV6030Related to: Dartmeet parallel reave system - northern section (Monument)
MDV16726Related to: Hut circle on Corndon Down, east of Yar Tor (Monument)
MDV6458Related to: Hut circle on Corndon Down, east of Yar Tor (Monument)
MDV26474Related to: Late prehistoric fields or enclosures on Corndon Down (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jun 25 2019 4:34PM