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HER Number:MDV64753
Name:Tramway 2 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine

Summary

Tramway 2 to the south-east of the main buildings is one of three tramways forming part of the 19th century Eylesbarrow Tin Mine

Location

Grid Reference:SX 601 682
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/218
  • Old SAM Ref: 34467

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • TRAMWAY (XVIII to XIX - 1750 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 157266 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 9th May 2002. Tramway 420 metres south-south-east of Eylesbarrow, forming part of Eylesbarrow Tin Mine. A 4.7 metre wide levelled surface with banks on either side. The tramway surface is 0.3 metres below the present ground surface. Tramway taking ore from shaft. Heather and grass covered.


Newman, P., 1999, Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine, 141-2 (Article in Serial). SDV231130.

A well-defined tramway associated with Eylesbarrow Tin Mine runs south-west between 'Pryce Deacon' shaft at SX60246834 and the main track through the mine.


Newman , P., 1999, Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine, 37, Figure 2, Appendix 3 (Report - Survey). SDV352201.

Several features at the mine were accessed by tramways for the transportation of mined ore between the shafthead and the dressing floors. Three tramways have been identified at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine. Tramway 2 is well-defined and runs south-west between Pryce Deacon Shaft number 22 and a point on the Wheal Katherine track. It is not clear why it stops at this point unless its original course followed the track but this seems unlikely.


English Heritage, 2005, Survey Information (miscellaneous date) (Report - Survey). SDV345855.

Tramway shown on survey.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Tramway visible on aerial photograph.


English Heritage, 2013, Eylesbarrow Tin Mine and associated remains (Schedule Document). SDV231131.

The 19th century Eylesbarrow Tin Mine opened in 1814 and continued until 1852. During this time several companies were formed to run the mine and most failed to make a profit. Eylesbarrow's importance stems from its unrivalled array of 19th century mining remains making it the largest and most informative example of a large scale water powered tin mine in Britain. At least 27 shafts and five adits were cut to reach the tin lodes, seven whim platforms and two water powered engine wheels were built to power the lifting and pumping machinery, a series of tramways were made to carry the ore to six separate stamping mills and, to complete the picture, a smelting house was constructed to smelt the processed tin from the stamping mills. The size of the operation is further emphasised by the large number of ancillary buildings constructed to serve the mine. Amongst these are a count house, dormitory accommodation, blacksmith's shop, powder houses, sample house and various storage buildings.


National Monument Record, 2014, Pastscape, 1300600 (Website). SDV355682.

Remains of a tramway at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine which was in use between 1814-52. An archaeological field survey by English Heritage in 1999 found the tramway to be well-defined extending over a distance of 316 metres east to west between Pryce Deacon's Shaft and a point on the Wheal Katherine track. It comprises a levelled trackbed, which runs on a slightly curving course with a graded incline. It is on average 7 metres wide with linear banks of up to 0.6 metres high defining the edges.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV231130Article in Serial: Newman, P.. 1999. Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 57. Paperback Volume. 141-2.
SDV231131Schedule Document: English Heritage. 2013. Eylesbarrow Tin Mine and associated remains. The Schedule of Monuments. Website.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 157266.
SDV345855Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Survey Information (miscellaneous date). English Heritage. Digital. [Mapped feature: #97673 ]
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV352201Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 1999. Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine. English Heritage Survey Report. A4 Spiral Bound. 37, Figure 2, Appendix 3.
SDV355682Website: National Monument Record. 2014. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 1300600.

Associated Monuments

MDV3330Part of: Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV66477Related to: Mine Shaft 22 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4966 - Survey of Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor
  • EDV6239 - Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine

Date Last Edited:Jul 7 2014 10:17AM