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HER Number:MDV6486
Name:Group of hut circles and enclosures on south Yartor Down

Summary

Group of seven hut circles and associated fields on south Yartor Down, 450 metres north of the River Dart. Part of the Dartmeet parallel reave system, these enclosures have been overlaid by later boundaries and are associated with post-medieval pillow mounds.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 677 726
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWidecombe in the Moor
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishWIDECOMBE IN THE MOOR

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Dartmeet Parallel Reave System. Earthworks of an extensive area of prehistoric remains including complex field system, numerous hut circles, enclosures and cairns, overlain by medieval remains including Vaghill Warren, farmsteads and a large field syste

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 67 SE 49
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/94
  • Pastscape: 442998

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • UNENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, OS/72/066, 018 (Aerial Photograph). SDV346967.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 2375-2376 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950 - 1951, SX67SE49 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV283272.

Group of six Bronze Age hut circles with associated fields. Annotated plan showing location may be stored at Devon County Council. Huts A,B,D and E are turf-covered.
A: Diameter 8.0 meters, height 0.2 - 0.4 meters.
B: Diameter 7.0 meters, height 0.2 meters.
C: Diameter 8.0 meters, height 0.4 meters.
D: Diameter 10.0 meters, height 0.2 meters.
E: Diameter 7.0 meters, height 0.2 meters.
F: Additional hut circle at SX67688563. Diameter 8.0 meters, height 0.2 meters.

Fox, A., 1954, Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor, 99,101 (Article in Serial). SDV231175.

Other details: Figure.

National Monuments Record, 1977, NMR SX6672/1, 80-84 (Aerial Photograph). SDV244382.

Beeson, M. M. R. + Masterman, M. C. H., 1979, An Archaeological Survey of Enclosed Land in Widecombe-In-The-Moor Parish, 1010 (Report - Survey). SDV337078.

Other details: Volume 5.

Ordnance Survey, 1980, Ordnance Survey Field Investigators Comments (Report - Survey). SDV315817.

Exact location of huts and field walls shown on Ordnance Survey drawing (undated, approximately 1980?) in Sites and Monuments Record. The huts are interspersed with later pillow mounds.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX67SE49 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV347088.

Centred at SX678726, within the parallel reave system (PRN 6030), and medieval fields, are four Type 1 and five Type 2 hut circles. The level internal diameters vary from 2.5 meters to 7.4 meters with walling averaging 1.2 meters wide and 0.6 meters high. Several huts are linked to the prehistoric field walls but all are generally in poor condition. Where visible entrances range from east to south. The hut at SX67887261 (PRN79817) has double-faced orthostatic walling 2.0 meters thick and 0.6 meters high with an outer wall or annex on the south-west.
There is no visible entrance to this compartment which is linked to the hut to the south.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Hut circles within field system of medieval date, set within parallel reave system (PRN 6030). Hut circles at SX67887259 attached to a boundary, SX67897261 within an enclosure attached to a boundary, SX67827260 attached to a boundary, SX67807265 attached to a boundary, SX67787265, SX67817267 attached hut circle with field boundary coming from it, SX67687262 where several field boundaries converge and SX67677271. Visible on 1977 National Monuments Record and 1946 Royal Air Force aerial photographs.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East, 122 (Monograph). SDV299725.

Prehistoric reaves and field walls crowd the summit and upper slopes of Vag Hill, in many places fossilised under rebuilt walls or banks with ditches of medieval and later reconstruction. Hut circles are spaced singly or in pairs evenly around the south and west hillside well above the River Dart, where the reave system appears to peter out. Each of the huts is surrounded by a few fields built onto the reaves. Around the huts and the Vag Hill warren buries is a regular strip field pattern which has become disturbed over time (for hut circle detail, see related records). Other details: Map 13, 1-5.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

Part of Dartmeet coaxial field system (Northern Part) which was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument in 2004. Other details: Site 43.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Map object based on this Source.

Newman, P., 2008, Dartmeet Premier Archaeological Landscape (PAL) Field Investigation Project (Report - Survey). SDV347061.

Seven dispersed hut circles and a series of small enclosures which are associated with the Dartmeet reave system on the moderate south slope of Vag Hill. The mostly regular enclosures define areas between the reaves which run approximately north-east to south-west across the slope. One large enclosure at SX67907259 appears to have been added. This enclosure along with another to the west at SX67467269 and other elements of the boundaries were refurbished during the medieval or post-medieval period when the walls were rebuilt as banks with ditches or with external stone facing. A number of post-med pillow mounds are sited within the large enclosure and traces of cultivation ridges. Prehistoric walls, where not refurbished, survive as low turf and stone banks which lack an external ditch.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Map object based on this Source.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2375-2376.
SDV231175Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1954. Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 20. Unknown. 99,101.
SDV244382Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. NMR SX6672/1. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 80-84.
SDV283272Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950 - 1951. SX67SE49. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV299725Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. One. Paperback Volume. 122.
SDV315817Report - Survey: Ordnance Survey. 1980. Ordnance Survey Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Plan. Unknown.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337078Report - Survey: Beeson, M. M. R. + Masterman, M. C. H.. 1979. An Archaeological Survey of Enclosed Land in Widecombe-In-The-Moor Parish. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. Vols I - V. A4 Comb Bound. 1010.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV346967Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. OS/72/066. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. 018.
SDV347061Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2008. Dartmeet Premier Archaeological Landscape (PAL) Field Investigation Project. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV347088Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX67SE49. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.

Associated Monuments

MDV79817Parent of: Hut circle on Yartor Down, 500 metres north-west of Rowbrook (Monument)
MDV79818Parent of: Hut circle on Yartor Down, 509 meters north-west of Rowbrook (Monument)
MDV79815Parent of: Hut circle on Yartor Down, 600 metres north-west of Rowbrook (Monument)
MDV79816Parent of: Hut circle on Yartor Down, 600 metres north-west of Rowbrook (Monument)
MDV79821Parent of: Hut circle on Yartor Down, 617 metres north-west of Rowbrook (Monument)
MDV79814Parent of: Hut circle on Yartor Down, 715 meters north-west of Rowbrook (Monument)
MDV79813Parent of: Hut circle on Yartor Down, 750 meters north-west of Rowbrook (Monument)
MDV6030Part of: Dartmeet parallel reave system - northern section (Monument)
MDV125014Related to: Pillow mound 11 on Yartor Down (Monument)
MDV125010Related to: Pillow mound 12 on Yartor Down (Monument)
MDV125011Related to: Pillow mound 13 on Yartor Down (Monument)
MDV125009Related to: Pillow mound 14 on Yartor Down (Monument)
MDV125006Related to: Pillow mound 15 on Yartor Down (Monument)
MDV125013Related to: Pillow mound 16 on Yartor Down (Monument)
MDV125012Related to: Pillow mound 17 on Yartor Down (Monument)
MDV27690Related to: Ridge and furrow on southern part of Dartmeet (Monument)
MDV6523Related to: Vaghill Warren, Widecombe in the Moor (Monument)
MDV14379Related to: Vermin trap in Vaghill Warren (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8296 - Dartmeet Premier Archaeological Landscape (PAL) Field Investigation Project

Date Last Edited:Jul 14 2020 9:20AM