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HER Number:MDV6487
Name:Hut circle settlement on south Yartor Down

Summary

Three hut circles and associated enclosures on the south-west slope of Vag Hill. The remains consist of stony turf-covered banks set within the Dartmeet parallel reave system and there is also evidence of later reuse during the medieval period, where stone-faced banks have been formed. Three areas of ridge and furrow survive, as well at three pillow mounds associated with Vaghill Warren.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 674 726
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWidecombe in the Moor
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishWIDECOMBE IN THE MOOR

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Dartmeet Parallel Reave System. Earthworks of an extensive area of prehistoric remains including complex field system, numerous hut circles, enclosures and cairns, overlain by medieval remains including Vaghill Warren, farmsteads and a large field syste

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 443001
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/95
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • UNENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, OS/72/066, 018 (Aerial Photograph). SDV346967.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 2374-2376 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950 - 1951, SX67SE50 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV283297.

Group of (?)four Bronze Age hut circles. Huts A and D are turf-covered.
Hut circle A; measures 10.0 meters in diameter, height 0.2 m - 0.5 meters.
Hut circle B; measures 8.0 meters in diameter, height 0.3 meters.
Hut circle C; measures 10.0 meters in diameter, height 0.3 meters.
Hut circle D; measures 8.0 meters in diameter, height 0.2 meters.


Fox, A., 1954, Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor, 99,101 (Article in Serial). SDV231175.

Other details: Figure.


National Monuments Record, 1977, NMR SX6672/1, 80-84 (Aerial Photograph). SDV244382.


Beeson, M. M. R. + Masterman, M. C. H., 1979, An Archaeological Survey of Enclosed Land in Widecombe-In-The-Moor Parish, 1012 (Report - Survey). SDV337078.

Other details: Volume 5.


Ordnance Survey, 1980, Ordnance Survey Field Investigators Comments (Report - Survey). SDV315817.

Exact location of huts and field walls shown on undated (approximately 1980?) drawing in Sites and Monuments Record.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX67SE50 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV347090.

Hut circles and fields visible near the top of a broad spur and within an extensive field system are three hut circles of Type 2. Two huts at SX67517268 are contiguous with a communicating entrance. The southern-most hut has a small store or annexe measuring 1.3 meters by 2.0 meters beside the entrance. All the huts have levelled interiors with average diameters of 7.8 meters and walling 1.3 meters wide and 0.6 meters high. Entrances are to the south and east. The huts are in fair condition. Further hut at SX67447266. Other details: Plan.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

A triple hut circle at SX67527268 and one at SX67447265 within an area of ridge and furrow. One of the triple hut circles contains a very small rectangular building. Visible on 1977 National Monuments Record and 1946 Royal Air Force aerial photographs. Within Dartmeet parallel reave system (PRN 6030).


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East, 122-3 (Monograph). SDV299725.

Three huts survive within a number of fields also occupied by later ridge and furrow and three rabbit buries, or pillow mounds. The pair of hut circles lie within the eastern strip and measure 8.5 meters and 7.0 respectively. The larger lies at one end of a narrow paddock while the other is connected by a bank to the opposite reave.
The single hut measures 8.7 meters in diameter and has a surviving entrance to the south. All three huts are fairly well-preserved, despite later ridge and furrow. Other details: Map 13, 6-7.


Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

Part of Dartmeet coaxial field system (Northern Part) which was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument in 2004. Other details: Site 43.


English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

Three hut circles and associated fields shown on survey. Map object based on this Source.


Newman, P., 2008, Dartmeet Premier Archaeological Landscape (PAL) Field Investigation Project (Report - Survey). SDV347061.

Two hut circles and associated enclosures on the south-west slope of Vag Hill. The enclosures comprise stony turf-covered banks which extend between the remnant elements of the Dartmeet reave system, creating sub-divisions. Some of the walls have been refurbished during the medieval period to form stone-faced banks with external ditches.
SX67447266; A large freestanding hut circle with level interior, and elements of the internal wall lining in situ. Internal diameter is 8.5 meters. The walls spread to 3.0 meters wide and up to 0.6 meters high. There is a possible entrance opening on the south-east side.
SX67517269; Attached to the end of a narrow linear enclosure with parallel sides, this hut circle survives as a stony bank with much stone visible, built into a slight slope. It has a level interior with no definable entrance. This hut measures 8.0 meters in diameter with walls of 1.8 meters thick and 0.6 meters high.
A third hut described by the Ordnance Survey (1980) is more likely to be a small enclosure with a curved wall at the end of the parallel curving banks, which has a cross wall giving the appearance of an approximate circle. Butler has recorded diagonal ridge and furrow within the large enclosure here but this cannot be confirmed due to the current density of the gorse.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Three potential hut circles and also ridge and furrow is visible on aerial photograph.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Enclosures and three hut circles all marked onto the modern mapping, as well as two of the three pillow mounds in the area. Map object based on this Source.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2374-2376.
SDV231175Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1954. Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 20. Unknown. 99,101.
SDV244382Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. NMR SX6672/1. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 80-84.
SDV283297Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950 - 1951. SX67SE50. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV299725Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. One. Paperback Volume. 122-3.
SDV315817Report - Survey: Ordnance Survey. 1980. Ordnance Survey Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Plan. Unknown.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337078Report - Survey: Beeson, M. M. R. + Masterman, M. C. H.. 1979. An Archaeological Survey of Enclosed Land in Widecombe-In-The-Moor Parish. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. Vols I - V. A4 Comb Bound. 1012.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV345521Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV346967Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. OS/72/066. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. 018.
SDV347061Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2008. Dartmeet Premier Archaeological Landscape (PAL) Field Investigation Project. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV347090Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX67SE50. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.

Associated Monuments

MDV6030Part of: Dartmeet parallel reave system - northern section (Monument)
MDV27691Related to: Ridge and furrow, south Yartor Down (Monument)
MDV6523Related to: Vaghill Warren, Widecombe in the Moor (Monument)
MDV14378Related to: Vermin trap, Vaghill Warren (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Feb 24 2015 9:59AM