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HER Number:MDV6507
Name:Cairn with a cist on Skir Hill, Dartmoor Forest

Summary

Cairn with a cist on Skir Hill

Location

Grid Reference:SX 651 707
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67SE62
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/111
  • Old SAM Ref: 22397
  • Pastscape: 443037
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC)
  • CIST (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1905, 24th Report of the Barrow Committee, 91, Plate 1 (Article in Serial). SDV64705.

The cist stands within a circle now incomplete. The tops of the side and end stones are all approximately at ground level.

Grinsell, L. V. + Brain, 1973, Cairns in Dartmoor Forest (Report - Survey). SDV248955.

Site visited on 12th September 1973. A retaining ellipse (9 stones standing), enclosing cist placed south-east to north-west at Skir Hill. Diameter 4.0 metres north-west to south-east and 3.0 metres south-west to north-east.

Davidson, C. + Seabrook, R., 1973, Stone Rings on south-east Dartmoor, 39 (Article in Serial). SDV345864.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 154 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on 1946 aerial photographs.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 72, d19 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Ring setting, 3.3 metres internal diameter with 9 stones in circle, around central cist.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 152429 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 29th November 1999. At SX65177075 a cist and cairn 590 metres south-south-east of Skir Ford.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 203, Map 61, Figure 61.6 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Skir Hill cairn at SX65187075 of 3.3 metres diameter with a cist. An oval ring of slabs 3.0 to 4.0 metres across surrounds a central cist all four sides of which are buried but in place. The cover stone has gone as have all traces of the mound, though as surface stone is scarce on these slopes it may originally have had merely a covering of turf. The remains, exposed accidentally in turf ties, are probably not as isolated as it seems, for the thick growth of peat here might well conceal others of similar size.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Cairn shown on survey 104 metres to the north-east.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 443037, SX67SE62 (Website). SDV363416.

Site visited on 27th April 1950. Cist length 0.76 metres, width 0.56 metres. Retaining circle contains twelve stones, of these three are large, the remainder small.
Field Investigation on 10th Juy 1977. This cist lies within a ruined cairn, of which the peristalith only survives, on a gentle poorly drained, north east facing slope at 460 metres above OD, near the summit of a broad level hill. It consists of two side stones and two end stones, one leaning inwards. The interior, which has been excavated, measures 0.90 metres by 0.55 metres and 0.60 metres deep. It is placed slightly off centre of the peristalith of 11 stones, maximum size 0.7 metres by 0.2 metres and 0.6 metres high, whose internal diameter is 3.3 metres. The cist is in good condition.
A cairn circle and cist lie on the north-eastern slopes of Skir Hill at SX 6523 7084 above the valley of the O Brook and the tin mines at Henroost and Hooten Wheals. The cairn circle measures 3.9 metres north-south and 3.6 metres east-west. The interior of the circle is hollowed, being some 0.6 metres deep. The cist is placed just to the north-east of the centre of the circle. It is represented by a water-filled hollow, oriented north-south, measuring 0.8 metres long, 0.5 metres wide and approximately 1 metre deep. There is no trace of a capstone and the wet ground conditions meant that the stones forming the cist could not be investigated.
A Bronze Age cairn containing a cist located on the north-east facing slope of Skir Hill 590 metres south of Skir Ford. The cairn survives as a 4.1 diameter ring of edge set slabs up to 0.5 metres high. The cist is situated slightly west of the cairns centre and survives as a 0.82 metres long by 0.52 metres wide and 0.82 metres deep stone lined pit. Scheduled. (5)

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Cairn Circle & Cist' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1019568 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

The monument includes a cairn containing a cist, situated on a gentle north east facing slope of Skir Hill overlooking the valley of the O Brook. The cairn survives as a 4.1 metres diameter ring of edge set slabs standing up to 0.5 metres high. The cist is situated slightly west of the cairn's centre and survives as a 0.82 metres long by 0.52 metres wide and 0.82 metres deep stone lined pit, having been revealed by past excavation.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 72, d19.
SDV248955Report - Survey: Grinsell, L. V. + Brain. 1973. Cairns in Dartmoor Forest.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 154.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 152429.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 203, Map 61, Figure 61.6.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV345864Article in Serial: Davidson, C. + Seabrook, R.. 1973. Stone Rings on south-east Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 31. Paperback Volume. 39.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 443037, SX67SE62.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #97741 ]
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1019568.
SDV64705Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1905. 24th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 37. 91, Plate 1.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Mar 10 2021 11:16AM