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HER Number:MDV65322
Name:Orchard North of Newlands Farm

Summary

The remains of ridges probably made for fruit tree planting and improved drainage in an orchard of probable post-medieval to early 19th century date were visible on aerial photographs to the north-west of Newlands Farm, Broad Clyst. The ridges have probably been levelled.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 000 980
Map Sheet:SY09NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBroad Clyst
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishBROADCLYST

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SY09NW/117

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1840 AD (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV113946.

Des=the national trust/killerton estate archaeological survey: part 5: the farms: francis court - yarde/(2000)422/11/copy in smr.


National Trust, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV52.

Ridges + dips in the field indicate two small enclosures c75m square existed previously. Ridge + furrow apparent in the southwest part of the field is likely to be orchard ridging of the c18/c19 rather than medieval cultivation (nt).


Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Maps and Apportionments (Website). SDV349463.

Plot 2417 is listed as an orchard for Higher Newland Farm.


Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

The banks fall within plot 2417.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The field pattern has been reorganised and the n former orchard plot has been amalgamated with a former arable field adjacent to Newland Farm and been reduced in extent on its north-western edge.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3166-3167 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

Linear earthwork banks were visible.


BKS Surveys Ltd, 1967, BKS/2822, BKS/2822 V 3003-3004 14-MAR-1967 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354836.

Linear earthwork banks remained visible.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

The remains of ridges probably made for fruit tree planting and improved drainage in an orchard of probable post-medieval to 19th century date were visible on aerial photographs to the north-west of Newlands Farm, Broad Clyst.
The ridges are approximately 7 metres wide and aligned roughly north-north-west to south-south-east.
They do not correspond with an orchard depicted on the Ordnance Survey second edition 25inch map, but are immediately adjacent to one; this is probably a remodelling of plot 2417 on the Tithe Map for Broad Clyst, which the banks do fall within, which is listed in the apportionments as an orchard at Higher Newland. The banks are therefore probably the remains of the northern edge of an orchard that remained in use into the first half of the 19th century. This area of ridges was not noted on images taken after 1967 and has probably been levelled.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV113946Migrated Record:
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV349463Website: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Maps and Apportionments. http://devon.gov.uk. Website.
SDV354836Aerial Photograph: BKS Surveys Ltd. 1967. BKS/2822. BKS Surveys Ltd. Photograph (Paper). BKS/2822 V 3003-3004 14-MAR-1967.
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3166-3167 04-NOV-1946. [Mapped feature: #97775 ]
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV52Migrated Record: National Trust.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Jun 16 2015 11:22AM