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HER Number:MDV6549
Name:Headland Warren, North Bovey

Summary

Headland Warren dating from the early 18th to the early 20th century and bounded by at least 14 inscribed boundary stones. The warren included seven isolated enclosures, 37 pillow mounds and at least five vermin traps

Location

Grid Reference:SX 685 810
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishChagford
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
Civil ParishManaton
Civil ParishNorth Bovey
DistrictTeignbridge
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD
Ecclesiastical ParishMANATON
Ecclesiastical ParishNORTH BOVEY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX68SE339
  • National Monuments Record: SX68SE360
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 1344328
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 1344983
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/8
  • Old SAM Ref: 34499

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BOUNDARY STONE (Constructed, XVIII to Early 20th Century - 1780 AD (Between) to 1920 AD (Between))
  • PILLOW MOUND (Constructed, XVIII to Early 20th Century - 1780 AD (Between) to 1920 AD (Between))
  • RABBIT WARREN (Constructed, XVIII to Early 20th Century - 1780 AD (Between) to 1920 AD (Between))

Full description

Harris, H., 1968, Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor, 211 (Monograph). SDV149229.

Headland Warren, of about 590 acres (262ha) was bounded by a high rabbit proof wall to the south, Wallabrook to the west, and the road on the east, and extended northwards level with Birch Tor.

Haynes, R. G., 1970, Vermin Traps and Rabbit Warrens on Dartmoor, 162 (Article in Serial). SDV166302.

Boundary stones mark the edge of the warren between the Wallabrook and the Widecombe road. The warren is deficient in buries. One has been found in the vicinity of the house, and seven on the slopes below Bennett's Cross. The rabbits were kept in walled enclosures thickly planted with sheltering gorse. Four of these remain in the west of headland, and others are in the vicinity of the Warren House. Two vermin traps have been noted.

National Monuments Record, 1979, SF1508, 15 (Aerial Photograph). SDV346563.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Two walled fields are visible and recorded, and one pillow mound is visible at sx69058111.

Brewer, D., 1986, Headland Warren, 22-23 (Article in Serial). SDV217256.

Discussed by Brewer.

Williamson, T. + Loveday, R., 1988, Dartmoor Pillow Mounds, 297 (Article in Serial). SDV166308.

It is argued that warrens with such enclosures had no need for pillow mounds which are more common on extensive or open warrens.

Newman, P., 2001, Headland Warren Part 3: The Warren, Figure 2 (Report - Survey). SDV359913.

(24-25/07/2001) Centred SX 685-810-. Headland Warren. A rabbit warren which is first documented in 1797 and operated until the early 1920s. The warren is spread over 248 ha. to the north of the Manaton North Bovey boundary wall and includes Birch Tor and the northern end of Soussons Common. The remains include a series of boundary stones (SX 68 SE 368) marking the northern and eastern limits of the warren; 34 pillow mounds (SX 68 SE 360); six isolated enclosures (SX 68 SE 340; 341; 345; 359; 365; 366; 367) and five vermin traps (SX 68 SE 168; 335; 336). The original Headland Warren house is still occupied as a private residence.
Centred SX 6858 8132. A total of 34 pillow mounds dispersed over the lands of Headland Warren (SX 68 SE 339). The warren is documented from 1780 but rabbit farming had probably ceased there by the 1920s. Several different types are present including standard with parallel side and rounded ends, circular, and elongated. Some of the mounds have been built into former field banks and disused tinners leats. All the mounds are constructed from earth and the average height is between 0.9m to 1.2m. Ditches have survived on several examples. Most are now covered by heather and furze.
NoGrid Ref (SX)App length/dia
01) SX 68098127 measures 20m, sited in previously cultivated enclosure.
02) SX 68038122 measures 25m, sited in previously cultivated enclosure.
03) SX 67938108 measures 22m.
04) SX 67998095 measures 18m.
05) SX 68028074 measures 26m, sited in area of ridge and furrow.
06) SX 68138075 measures 22.5m. Sited in area of R & F
07) SX 68158082 measures 25.5m.
08) SX 68178083 measures 36m.
09) SX 68348087 measures 11m, probable circular mound.
10) SX 68548112 measures 23m.
11) SX 68448077 measures 25m, adjacent to stone wall enclosure.
12) SX 68488079 measures 48m, adjacent to stone wall enclosure.
13) SX 68498084 measures 103m, adjacent to stone wall enclosure.
14) SX 68692686 measures 21m.
15) SX 68438061 measures 27m, adapted from old hedge bank.
16) SX 68538066 measures 22.3m.
17) SX 68548065 measures 30m, adapted from old leat.
18) SX 68588053 measures 40m, adapted from old leat.
19) SX 68858071 measures 23.5m, very clear ditch.
20) SX 68268119 measures 32m.
21) SX 68328120 measures 88m, adjacent to walled enclosure.
22) SX 68308121 measures 21m, probable pillow mound.
23) SX 68348154 measures 17m.
24) SX 68258175 measures 11.5m, small example.
25) SX 68328175 measures 8.5m, small example.
26) SX 68448169 measures 11m, small example.
27) SX 68538169 measures 8.5m, small example.
28) SX 68898158 measures 25.5m, wide ditch.
29) SX 6891 8156 measures 15m, circular/good ditch.
30) SX 6907 8132 measures 45.5m, adapted from old leat.
31) SX 69058124 measures 30m, adapted from old leat.
32) SX 69098132 measures 21.5m, disturbed by rabbits.
33) SX 69098131 measures 20.5m, disturbed by rabbits.
34) SX 69328115 measures 31m, no ditch.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149229Monograph: Harris, H.. 1968. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 211.
SDV166302Article in Serial: Haynes, R. G.. 1970. Vermin Traps and Rabbit Warrens on Dartmoor. Post-Medieval Archaeology. 4. A4 Bound + digital. 162.
SDV166308Article in Serial: Williamson, T. + Loveday, R.. 1988. Dartmoor Pillow Mounds. Archaeological Journal. 145. 297.
SDV217256Article in Serial: Brewer, D.. 1986. Headland Warren. Dartmoor Magazine. 2. Unknown. 22-23.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV346563Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1979. SF1508. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 15.
SDV359913Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2001. Headland Warren Part 3: The Warren. English Heritage Survey Report. A1/20/2001. A4 Comb Bound. Figure 2. [Mapped feature: #97823 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV113586Parent of: Boundary Stone marking the boundary of Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV113588Parent of: Boundary Stone marking the boundary of Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV113589Parent of: Boundary Stone marking the boundary of Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV118777Parent of: Boundary Stone marking the boundary of Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV118778Parent of: Boundary Stone marking the boundary of Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV118779Parent of: Boundary Stone marking the boundary of Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV118780Parent of: Boundary Stone marking the boundary of Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV118813Parent of: Boundary Stone marking the boundary of Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV41465Parent of: Boundary Stone marking the boundary of Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV44110Parent of: Boundary Stone marking the boundary of Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV60226Parent of: Boundary Stone marking the boundary of Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV44111Parent of: Boundary Stone within the southern boundary wall of Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV118815Parent of: Central of three stones marking the eastern boundary of Headland Warren (Monument)
MDV14382Parent of: Eastern Vermin Trap at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV117582Parent of: Enclosure within Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV117587Parent of: Enclosure within Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV117589Parent of: Enclosure within Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV117590Parent of: Enclosure within Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV117591Parent of: Enclosure within Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV117593Parent of: Enclosure within Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV117596Parent of: Enclosure within Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV93080Parent of: Headland Warren Barn, North Bovey (Building)
MDV14381Parent of: Headland Warren House, North Bovey (Building)
MDV113612Parent of: Northern of three stones marking boundary of Headland Warren (Monument)
MDV117783Parent of: Pillow Mound at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV117784Parent of: Pillow Mound at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV117785Parent of: Pillow Mound at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV117789Parent of: Pillow Mound at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV117791Parent of: Pillow Mound at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV118749Parent of: Pillow Mound at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV117780Parent of: Pillow Mounds at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV117781Parent of: Pillow Mounds at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV117782Parent of: Pillow Mounds at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV117786Parent of: Pillow Mounds at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV117787Parent of: Pillow Mounds at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV117788Parent of: Pillow Mounds at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV118750Parent of: Pillow Mounds at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV118752Parent of: Pillow Mounds at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV6699Parent of: Pillow Mounds at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV118816Parent of: Southern of three stones marking the eastern boundary of Headland Warren (Monument)
MDV112644Parent of: Vermin Trap 220 metres west of Headland Warren Farm, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV22804Parent of: Vermin Trap at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV78200Parent of: Vermin Trap within Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV118817Parent of: Wall marking the southern boundary of Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV54585Parent of: Western Vermin Trap in the Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV6619Related to: Bennett's Cross on the western boundary of Headland Warren, Chagford and North Bovey (Monument)
MDV61816Related to: Boundary stone at East Birch Tor tin mine, Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV6673Related to: Cairn on summit of Birch Tor, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV64663Related to: Dressing floor at Birch Tor and Vitifer tin mine, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV118870Related to: Field boundaries south-west of Birch Tor Mine at Headland Warren (Monument)
MDV132394Related to: Hut circle in settlement north of Golden Dagger Mine, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV132395Related to: Hut circle in settlement north of Golden Dagger Mine, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV132396Related to: Hut circle in settlement north of Golden Dagger Mine, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV6659Related to: Hut circle in settlement north of Golden Dagger Mine, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV6660Related to: Hut circle in settlement north of Golden Dagger Mine, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV6661Related to: Hut circle in settlement north of Golden Dagger Mine, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV6662Related to: Hut circle in settlement north of Golden Dagger Mine, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV118821Related to: Medieval Enclosures within the Settlement at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV118868Related to: Medieval Field Boundary along the northern boundary of Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV118862Related to: Medieval field system in the Redwater Valley (Monument)
MDV118867Related to: Medieval fields at the head of the Redwater Valley (Monument)
MDV118869Related to: Medieval fields at the head of the West Webburn, Headland Warren (Monument)
MDV118930Related to: Medieval fields on eastern slope of Challacombe Down (Monument)
MDV118819Related to: Medieval Longhouse within the Settlement at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV118820Related to: Medieval Longhouse within the Settlement at Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV118818Related to: Medieval Settlement within Headland Warren, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV20721Related to: The 'New Warren House', Headland Warren (Building)
MDV62660Related to: Wheel pit at Birch Tor and Vitifer Mine, North Bovey (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7139 - Headland Warren and the Birch Tor and Vitifer Mines Survey (Ref: A1/20/2001, A1/34/2002)
  • EDV7390 - Archaeological condition survey in Soussons Woods
  • EDV7402 - Archaeological condition survey in Soussons Woods
  • EDV7431 - Woodland Survey (1989-90) at Bellever, Soussons and other woodland parcels
  • EDV8658 - Challacombe, Duchy Farms Survey
  • EDV8409 - Dartmoor Royal Forest Project

Date Last Edited:May 4 2022 1:29PM