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HER Number:MDV6560
Name:Cairn to east of Fernworthy stone circle

Summary

Ring cairn forming part of the Froggymead ceremonial complex, although unlike the other cairns in the group it is not associated with a stone row. Excavations in 1898 found a crushed beaker, a fragment of bronze knife dagger, a jet dress button and a flint knife. The metal artefact represents the earliest example of associatedf metal from a Beaker burial from Devon or Cornwall.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 655 840
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • MPP Archaeological Item Dataset: 144131
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/159
  • Old SAM County Ref: 593D
  • Old SAM Ref: 28672
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX68SE57

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Baring Gould, S., 1898, Fifth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 108 (Article in Serial). SDV337066.


Worth, R. H., 1902, 21st Report of the Barrow Committee, 120,121,127,128,129,131,132,Pl. 4 (Article in Serial). SDV20971.

Cists excavated. Flint knife associated with a fragment of bronze and a horn dress fastener or button found. Barrow has traces of stone retaining circle.


Burnard, R., 1906, Early Man, 357 (Article in Serial). SDV322231.

The cairn appears originally surrounded by standing stones, 3 still in position, 2-3 metres from the existing foot of the slope of the barrow. This cairn was built of surface stones. Central pit also filled with stones. About 1.37 metres from the surface of the pit a small piece of oxidised bronze was found with fragments of wood attached; probably the remains of a small knife or spearhead. Nearby were 2-3 fragments of crushed pottery; close beneath them a small urn which had been crushed by subsidence. A large button or dress fastener of horn was found on the same level and 610 millimetres from the bronze object, the upper surface of which is polished and has a brown lustre. The bottom of the urn rested on calm, a flint knife among the sherds suggests that it may have been in the urn. No trace of bone. Late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age. Soil in vase gave traces of phosphoric acid, possibly food. To examine the interior of the circle trenches were dug.


Abercrombie, J., 1912, Bronze Age Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland, No. 13 (Monograph). SDV278572.


Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 304, Pl. 38 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Abreast of row A, at a distance of 13.4 metres to the east lies the centre of a cairn. Between this and a barrow with a kistvaen are the clear remains of a stone row.


Worth, R. H., 1953, Dartmoor, 224, Fig. 68, 76 (Monograph). SDV231148.


Spooner, G. M. + Birkett Dixon, C. E., 1955, Note on the Antiquities situated in the Forestry Commission ground at Fernworthy and Bellever. Appendix 1 (Report - non-specific). SDV351955.


Clarke, D. L., 1970, Beaker Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland, No. 158, Fig. 886 (Monograph). SDV278573.


Pettit, P., 1974, Prehistoric Dartmoor, Pl. opposite p90 (Monograph). SDV231149.


Gerloff, S., 1975, The Early Bronze Age Daggers of Great Britain, 165, No 280 (Monograph). SDV339147.


Turner, J. R., 1976, Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land. Fernworthy and Bellever (Report - non-specific). SDV351823.

Fernworthy Plantation, Froggymeade 7D. Cairn 22 metres east of site 3D. 5.8 metres diameter. Has 3 stones spaced on the east side. A beaker, flint knife, dress fastener and a piece of bronze were discovered when the cairn was excavated in 1898, the best finds associated with the group.
February 1976. Froggymeade sites 1D-9D have been cleared as on open space with seven posts ringing the clearance zone. The trees ouside the post ring on the north side are within falling distance of the cairn.
Included in 1955 Spooner and Dixon report (B) Region north of the South Teign (Froggymeade, Toms Hill and Hemstone), Site No. 1.


Dartmoor National Park Authority + Forestry Commission + Dartmoor Preservation Association, 1976, Conservation of Ancient Monuments. The Report of a Working Party (Report - non-specific). SDV248248.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 146 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Lydford 24. Site visit 15th April 1973. Diameter 6.4 metres, height 0.5 metres now. The stones of the retaining circle now stand clear of the cairn. The finds are in Plymouth Museum. Clarke defines the beaker as developed southern British.


Turner, J., 1978, Report of Work Carried Out by the Forestry Commission since January 1976 (Report - non-specific). SDV351816.

No work has been carried out on the Froggymeade sites since February 1976. The clearance zone of this group should be marked out with posts as one open space so that there would be no need for any site number posts inside the clearance zone, making the site more photographic. Vegetation on these sites are very good, in fact site 7D (cairn) looks in excellent condition.


Robinson, R., 1983, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983 (Un-published). SDV345762.

Department of Environment field monument warden site visit 11th October 1983.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on 1946 RAF aerial photo due to tree cover.


Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 54, 78 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

F4. Encircled cairn. Ring of orthostats, 13 metres internal diameter, around cairn 5.5 metres diameter and 0.5 metres high.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 144131 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visit 28th April 1997. Ring cairn forming part of ritual complex. Diameter 13 metres, heigh 0.6 metres. Mound diameter 6.4 metres, heigh 0.6 metres. Four stones and a slight, 0.1 metre bank measuring 1.5 metres wide lies 3 metres from the base of the mound.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 162-5, Fig. 35.7 (Monograph). SDV219155.


Dartmoor National Park Authority, 1996, Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas 1996 (Un-published). SDV351820.

Fernworthy, Froggymeade Group 7D. Site visit 27th September 1996. Site marked by 5 posts.


Newman, P., 2013, Fernworthy Forest Sites Survey (Un-published). SDV351708.


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.


Newman , P., 2013, The Archaeology of Fernworthy Forest, Dartmoor, Devon, 9, 15, 16, Fig. 5-7, 11 (Report - Survey). SDV351784.

The five barrows at Froggymead are all in poor condition. Barrows A-D were excavated by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in 1898 and still bear the scars. Barrow D appears to have been reconstructed following the excavation. Although now turf covered, the excavations revealed that these features were constructed from stone and are more properly referred to as cairns.
Barrow D which produced most of the finds in 1898, is located in its own clearing, 75m SE of the
circle. Although undoubtedly part of this complex, it is isolated and is the only barrow not apparently
associated with or in the vicinity of a stone row. The diameter of the reconstructed, approximately circular earthen mound is around 7.8m and it stands to a height of 0.4m. Three earthfast stones on the eastern circumference appear to represent remains of a retaining circle, recorded during the excavations in 1898 as ‘standing stones’ though these are not depicted on the section drawing. Similarly, a curving earthen bank following the circumference on the NW side was not recorded by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee and may have resulted from their diggings.
Upon excavation the barrow was found to comprise a mound of small stones covering a central pit which contained a fragment of bronze which may have been a knife or spearhead, a dress button made from either Kimmeridge shale or jet and a flint knife. However, the best find was a crushed beaker. When reconstructed it became one of Dartmoor’s most important Bronze Age fi nds and is now on display in Plymouth City Museum along with the other artefacts retrieved.


Quinnell, H., 2017, Dartmoor and Prehistoric to Early Medieval Tinworking, Dartmoor and Prehistoric to Early Medieval Tinworking, 19 (Article in Monograph). SDV360639.

(Quinnell, H, 2017, Dartmoor and Prehistoric to Early Medieval Tinworking)
Beaker finds are sparsely found across Southwest Britain; the scarcity of early Beaker burials means there are few early associations for copper alloy artefacts. The knife dagger from Fernworthy from a burial in a pit beneath a barrow, associated with a Long Necked Beaker, jet button and flint knife, probably dates to the 22nd or 21st centuries BC; earliest associated metal artefact from any Beaker burial from either Dartmoor, or Devon / Cornwall (citing Gerloff, 1975).


Unknown, Unknown, Beaker from Froggymead Barrow (Photograph). SDV278578.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Unknown, SX68SE57 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV278564.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV20971Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1902. 21st Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 34. A5 Paperback + Digital. 120,121,127,128,129,131,132,Pl. 4.
SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 162-5, Fig. 35.7.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 54, 78.
SDV231148Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1953. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 224, Fig. 68, 76.
SDV231149Monograph: Pettit, P.. 1974. Prehistoric Dartmoor. Prehistoric Dartmoor. Pl. opposite p90.
SDV248248Report - non-specific: Dartmoor National Park Authority + Forestry Commission + Dartmoor Preservation Association. 1976. Conservation of Ancient Monuments. The Report of a Working Party. Dartmoor National Park Authority Field Report. A4 Bound.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 304, Pl. 38.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 146.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 144131.
SDV278564Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Unknown. SX68SE57. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV278572Monograph: Abercrombie, J.. 1912. Bronze Age Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland. Bronze Age Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland. Unknown. No. 13.
SDV278573Monograph: Clarke, D. L.. 1970. Beaker Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland. Beaker Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland. Unknown. No. 158, Fig. 886.
SDV278578Photograph: Unknown. Unknown. Beaker from Froggymead Barrow. Slide.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV322231Article in Serial: Burnard, R.. 1906. Early Man. Victoria History of the County of Devon. 1. A4 Hardback. 357.
SDV337066Article in Serial: Baring Gould, S.. 1898. Fifth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 38. A5 Hardback. 108.
SDV339147Monograph: Gerloff, S.. 1975. The Early Bronze Age Daggers of Great Britain. The Early Bronze Age Daggers of Great Britain. 6. Unknown. 165, No 280.
SDV345762Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1983. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #97857 ]
SDV351708Un-published: Newman, P.. 2013. Fernworthy Forest Sites Survey. Digital.
SDV351784Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2013. The Archaeology of Fernworthy Forest, Dartmoor, Devon. Digital + A4. 9, 15, 16, Fig. 5-7, 11.
SDV351816Report - non-specific: Turner, J.. 1978. Report of Work Carried Out by the Forestry Commission since January 1976. A4 Stapled.
SDV351820Un-published: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 1996. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas 1996. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas. A4 Ring Bound.
SDV351823Report - non-specific: Turner, J. R.. 1976. Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land. Fernworthy and Bellever. Dartmoor National Park Authority Field Report. Digital.
SDV351955Report - non-specific: Spooner, G. M. + Birkett Dixon, C. E.. 1955. Note on the Antiquities situated in the Forestry Commission ground at Fernworthy and Bellever. Appendix 1. Dartmoor Preservation Association. Digital.
SDV360639Article in Monograph: Quinnell, H.. 2017. Dartmoor and Prehistoric to Early Medieval Tinworking. The Tinworking Landscape of Dartmoor in a European Context. Paperback Volume. Dartmoor and Prehistoric to Early Medieval Tinworking, 19.

Associated Monuments

MDV6563Related to: Cairn north of the northern stone row at Fernworthy (Monument)
MDV14885Related to: Cairn south of the stone circle at Fernworthy (Monument)
MDV6556Related to: Eastern Stone row to south of Fernworthy Stone Circle (Monument)
MDV6534Related to: Fernworthy or Froggymead Stone Circle (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV5894 - BUTTON (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC?)
  • FDV5892 - BEAKER (LANEBA to Early Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 2000 BC)
  • FDV5893 - KNIFE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC?)
  • FDV5895 - KNIFE (LANEBA to Early Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 2000 BC)

Associated Events

  • EDV6216 - Condition Surveys of Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land
  • EDV6203 - Archaeological Survey of Fernworthy Forest
  • EDV7389 - Fernworthy Forest condition survey 1996
  • EDV7410 - Fernworthy Forest condition survey 1992

Date Last Edited:Dec 18 2017 10:10AM