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HER Number:MDV6574
Name:Hut Circle, Lowton West, Fernworthy Forest

Summary

Remains of hut circle, 7.3 metres diameter. Its larger stones have been robbed to build a modern enclosure wall nearby. Part of the Lowton West dispersed hut settlement.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 662 833
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • MPP Archaeological Item Dataset: 144111
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/22
  • Old SAM County Ref: 957C
  • Old SAM Ref: 28671
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX68SE45

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ormerod, G. W., 1864, On the Hut Circles on the Eastern Side of Dartmoor (Article in Serial). SDV304174.

Beside a small feeder of the South Teign, near Fernworthy, Ormerod noted ten huts measuring 4.5 - 10.0 metres diameter. One hut, 4.5 metres diameter, was situated nearly in the centre of a quadrangular enclosure measuirng about 15 by 29 metres.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Hut circle depicted.


Morley, 1975, Ancient Monuments Division Site Visit (Unknown). SDV351964.

Site visit 4th May 1975. One of ten hut circles. A fine large terraced hut with walls of coursed cyclopean masonry. Three courses survive in places. On the south side the inside faces of the stones are concave, following the curvature of the wall.


Turner, J. R., 1976, Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land. Fernworthy and Bellever (Report - non-specific). SDV351823.

Fernworthy Plantation. West Lowton 2B.
Site visit 1976. Hut circle, 7.6 metres diameter, on a platform cut into an east facing slope, the wall stones laid on their face. Part of the wall on the east side has fallen away. Site robbed for a modern enclosure wall nearby. Not investigated, has been planted over.
February 1976. Seven posts ring the clearance zone. All agreements carried out.
Included in 1955 Spooner and Dixon report (A) Region south of the Teign (Assacombe and Lowton), Site No. 2.


Dartmoor National Park Authority + Forestry Commission + Dartmoor Preservation Association, 1976, Conservation of Ancient Monuments. The Report of a Working Party (Report - non-specific). SDV248248.


Turner, J., 1978, Report of Work Carried Out by the Forestry Commission since January 1976 (Report - non-specific). SDV351816.

No work has been carried out to the West Lowton group of sites since 1976.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on 1946 RAF aerial photos due to tree cover.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., 144111 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visit 30th May 1977. Hut circle forming part of a dispersed settlement. Diameter 6.5 metres. Wall 1.5 metres wide, 0.8 metres high. Internal area 33.16 square metres. South-west sector survives as well preserved coursed wall. North-east sector survives as well defined scarp. Hut lies adjacent to a 2 metre wide, 1 metres deep corn ditch. Door faces 160 degrees (south-south-east) and is defined by edge set slabs on west-south-west. 3.0 metres east-south-east of the door is a large triangular standing stone, 1.3 metres high, 1.05 metres wide at base and 0.2 metres thick.


Smith, N., 1992, Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology with Woodland Areas 1992 (Un-published). SDV351819.

Fernworthy. West Lowton Group 2B. Site visit 27th May 1992. Hut circle adjacent and south-east of stone wall, in a clearing near Lowton Brook. Tracks close by. Site marked. Vegetation grazed. Recommended that present management regime be maintained. Other details: photo.


Dartmoor National Park Authority, 1996, Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas 1996 (Un-published). SDV351820.

Fernworthy. West Lowton Group 2B. Site visit 27th September 1996. Site marked by single post.


English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

Site recorded.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Hut circle visible in clearing on aerial photo.


Newman, P., 2013, Fernworthy Forest Sites Survey (Un-published). SDV351708.


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Hut circle depicted.


English Heritage, 2013, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV350785.

[Part of] dispersed stone hut circle settlement and associated fields 490 metres south-east of Silk House.
The monument, which falls into six areas, includes a dispersed stone hut circle settlement and associated fields situated on a north east facing slope overlooking the valley of the Lowton Brook. The settlement contains at least 12 stone hut circles together with a number of lengths of rubble walling forming part of a field system. The stone hut circles within the settlement all survive as banks each surrounding an internal circular area which varies from 14.51 to 55.39 square metres with the average being 30.56 square metres. The height of the surrounding walls vary between 0.6m and 1.3m, with the average being 0.91m. Four of the huts have visible doorways and the orthostatic, rubble bank and coursed walling building traditions are all represented.
Despite afforestation, the dispersed stone hut circle settlement and associated fields lying west of Lowton Brook survives well and contains archaeological structures, features and deposits, relating to the exploitation of this part of the moor during the Bronze Age period.


Newman , P., 2013, The Archaeology of Fernworthy Forest, Dartmoor, Devon, 25, Fig. 20 (Report - Survey). SDV351784.

This hut has been robbed of its larger stones leaving little more than a 7.3 metre diameter earthwork ring. Two fallen stones, one either side of a breach in the bank on the south side probably represent the remains of an entrance. 3.3 metres south of this entrance is an upright granite stone over 1.0 metres high. It is not part of the hut or any surviving enclosure wall and its presence cannot be accounted for.


DPA, Unknown, Appendix A on AA5208 (Report - non-specific). SDV276218.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Unknown, SX68SE45 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV276178.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV248248Report - non-specific: Dartmoor National Park Authority + Forestry Commission + Dartmoor Preservation Association. 1976. Conservation of Ancient Monuments. The Report of a Working Party. Dartmoor National Park Authority Field Report. A4 Bound.
SDV276178Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Unknown. SX68SE45. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV276218Report - non-specific: DPA. Unknown. Appendix A on AA5208. DPA Report. 1 part 5. Unknown.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 144111.
SDV304174Article in Serial: Ormerod, G. W.. 1864. On the Hut Circles on the Eastern Side of Dartmoor. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. 20. Unknown.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV345521Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #97931 ]
SDV350785National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2013. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV351708Un-published: Newman, P.. 2013. Fernworthy Forest Sites Survey. Digital.
SDV351784Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2013. The Archaeology of Fernworthy Forest, Dartmoor, Devon. Digital + A4. 25, Fig. 20.
SDV351816Report - non-specific: Turner, J.. 1978. Report of Work Carried Out by the Forestry Commission since January 1976. A4 Stapled.
SDV351819Un-published: Smith, N.. 1992. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology with Woodland Areas 1992. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology with Woodland Areas. A4 Ring Bound.
SDV351820Un-published: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 1996. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas 1996. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas. A4 Ring Bound.
SDV351823Report - non-specific: Turner, J. R.. 1976. Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land. Fernworthy and Bellever. Dartmoor National Park Authority Field Report. Digital.
SDV351964Unknown: Morley. 1975. Ancient Monuments Division Site Visit. Ancient Monuments Division Site Visit. Unknown.

Associated Monuments

MDV104672Part of: Lowton West Settlement, Fernworthy Forest (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6203 - Archaeological Survey of Fernworthy Forest
  • EDV6216 - Condition Surveys of Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land
  • EDV7389 - Fernworthy Forest condition survey 1996
  • EDV7410 - Fernworthy Forest condition survey 1992

Date Last Edited:Aug 27 2015 3:48PM