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HER Number:MDV6588
Name:Hut Circle 750 metres south-west of Metherall

Summary

Remains of a small hut circle, 5.0 metres internal diameter. Part of the East Lowton settlement.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 665 836
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • MPP Archaeological Item Dataset: 144187
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/178
  • Old SAM County Ref: 610C
  • Old SAM Ref: 28678
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX68SE44C

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1952-1978, SX68SE44A (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV277863.

Site visit 2nd September 1952. Hut C. One of a group of four hut circles. Described as in bad condition, planted with trees.


Turner, J. R., 1976, Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land. Fernworthy and Bellever (Report - non-specific). SDV351823.

Fernworthy Plantation. East Lowton 3A. Very ruined hut circle on a flat ridge on a west facing slope. 5.3 metres diameter. Comprises a single ring of large stones. Not investigated. Has been planted over.
January 1976. 13 posts ring clearance zone, enclosing sites 3A and 4A.
Included in Spooner and Dixon 1955 report (A) Region South of the Teign (Assacombe and Lowton) Site No. 18.


Turner, J., 1978, Report of Work Carried Out by the Forestry Commission since January 1976 (Report - non-specific). SDV351816.

No work has been carried out on this group of sites since January 1976.


Robinson, R., 1983, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983 (Un-published). SDV345762.

Department of Environment Field Monument Warden site visit 16th December 1983.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on 1946 RAF aerial photos due to tree cover.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., 144187 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visit 30th April 1997. Hut circle forming part of a partially enclosed settlement. Situated in a small clearing. Diameter 4.6 metres. Single orthostat wall 0.9 metres wide, 0.65 metres high. Internal area 16.61 square metres. A cap fire has been built within the centre.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 156, map 35.2 (Monograph). SDV219155.


Smith, N., 1992, Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology with Woodland Areas 1992 (Un-published). SDV351819.

Fernworthy. East Lowton Group 3A/4A. Site visit 27th May 1992. Hut circles on a platform close to track. Site marked. Site managed. Also grazed by sheep. Stability good but evidence for a camp fire in 3A. Suggested that current management regime be maintained. Photo.


Dartmoor National Park Authority, 1996, Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas 1996 (Un-published). SDV351820.

Fernworthy. East Lowton Group 3A/4A. Site visit 27th September 1996. Only one post marks both sites. More posts are needed. The top soil within 3A is scorched as the result of a fire in it. Photo.


Newman, P., 2013, Fernworthy Forest Sites Survey (Un-published). SDV351708.


Newman , P., 2013, The Archaeology of Fernworthy Forest, Dartmoor, Devon, 34, Fig. 24 (Report - Survey). SDV351784.

A small hut which probably had an internal diameter of no more than 5.0 metres. Some stones from the wall remain in situ but most of the larger slabs, not removed when the hut was robbed, are recumbent or leaning and several smaller stones are displaced.


Ordnance Survey, 2014, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV355681.

Hut circle shown.


English Heritage, 2014, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV355683.

[Part of a] partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement 780m south west of Metherall.
The monument includes an enclosure and four stone hut circles situated on a north facing slope overlooking Fernworthy Reservoir. The enclosure includes an area measuring up to 120m long north east to south west by 60m wide, defined by a 1.8m wide and 0.7m high orthostatic and rubble bank which is double faced in places. A second length of walling leads off from the south eastern side of the main enclosure. The stone hut circles within the settlement all survive as banks each surrounding an internal circular area which varies from 16.6 to 73.86 square metres with the average being 42.76 square metres. The height of the surrounding walls vary between 0.65 and 1.45m, with the average being 1.1m. Two of the huts have visible doorways, one has a bench, all of them are of orthostatic construction and one has a length of boundary wall leading from it. The surface of the forestry track leading through the monument is excluded, although the ground beneath is included.
Despite afforestation, the partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement 780m south west of Metherall survives well and contains archaeological structures, features and deposits relating to later prehistoric settlement in the area of the moor. One of the stone hut circles is particularly well preserved and forms an obvious visual amenity in this part of the forest.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 156, map 35.2.
SDV277863Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1952-1978. SX68SE44A. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Photocopy.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 144187.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345762Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1983. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV351708Un-published: Newman, P.. 2013. Fernworthy Forest Sites Survey. Digital.
SDV351784Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2013. The Archaeology of Fernworthy Forest, Dartmoor, Devon. Digital + A4. 34, Fig. 24.
SDV351816Report - non-specific: Turner, J.. 1978. Report of Work Carried Out by the Forestry Commission since January 1976. A4 Stapled.
SDV351819Un-published: Smith, N.. 1992. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology with Woodland Areas 1992. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology with Woodland Areas. A4 Ring Bound.
SDV351820Un-published: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 1996. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas 1996. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas. A4 Ring Bound.
SDV351823Report - non-specific: Turner, J. R.. 1976. Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land. Fernworthy and Bellever. Dartmoor National Park Authority Field Report. Digital.
SDV355681Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2014. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #97994 ]
SDV355683National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2014. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Website.

Associated Monuments

MDV107002Part of: East Lowton Hut Circle Settlement (Monument)
MDV6601Related to: Enclosure to south of Fernworthy Reservoir, 745 metres south-west of Metherall (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6203 - Archaeological Survey of Fernworthy Forest
  • EDV6216 - Condition Surveys of Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land
  • EDV7389 - Fernworthy Forest condition survey 1996
  • EDV7410 - Fernworthy Forest condition survey 1992

Date Last Edited:Jan 28 2015 2:43PM