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HER Number:MDV6638
Name:Birch Tor and Vitifer Tin Mine, North Bovey

Summary

Birch Tor Mine (tin with micaceous iron). In the late 18th and mid 19th century, Birch Tor and Vitifer were the largest group of tin mines on the moor and extended right down the valley to link up with the Golden Dagger Mine in Manaton. The water for these mines was brought down by a seven mile leat from the East Dart. A footpath leads down to the head of the west webburn river, where artificial ravines made by tin miners before the days of shaft mining can be seen. There are extensive earthworks and shafts in this area and care should be taken.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 682 810
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishNorth Bovey
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishMANATON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/66

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MINE (XVIII to XIX - 1780 AD to 1870 AD (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV305952.

Ramsden, j. V. /tda/84(1952)90 fig.1/notes on the mines of devonshire.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV305953.

Minchinton, w. /industrial archaeology in devon/(1973)25.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV305954.

Aph=dap/em 12(17/3/1985).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV305955.

Greeves, t. A. P. /tda/117(1985)106/sheeperton tor tin mine,dartmoor,devon.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV305956.

Aph=dap/hp 5,6/(22/12/1986).


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV305957.

Aph=dap/jr 1-4,8a-9/(20/1/1988).


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV305958.

Aph=dap/jx 6-10/(21/1/1989).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV305959.

Des=bodman, m. /water-powered sites in devon/(1998)/in smr.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV305960.

Aph=dap/tv 9-12(23/9/1990).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV305961.

Des=greeves, t. /dtrg newsletter/13(july 1997)7-8/dartmoor mines in 1799.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV305962.

Des=whitbourne, a. /dtrg newsletter/22(2001)3-4/visit to vitifer & birch tor mines.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV305963.

Richardson, p. H. G. /british mining/44(1992)129/mines of dartmoor and the tamar valley after 1913.


Greeves, T. A. P., Untitled Source (Worksheet). SDV69961.

Vitifer mine was one of 11 mines working on dartmoor in 1799. It was then known as 'videford mine' + had probably been prosperous for c.20 years. It was owned by simpson & co who were also the proprietors of white work + rundlestone mines (greeves).


RICHARDSON, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV96591.

Worked intermittently 1915-28 (richardson).


WHITBOURNE, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV216416.

One of most important tin producing areas of dartmoor for many centuries. Charles hatchett, a mineralogist in 1796 described the mines then actively working and employing 40 men (whitbourne).


Minchinton, W., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV2310.

Birch tor mine b21 (see kings oven and golden dagger also) tin with micaceous iron. In the late 18th and mid 19th century, birch tor and vitifer were the largest group of tin mines on the moor and extended right down the valley to link up with the golden dagger mine in manaton. The water for these mines was brought down by a seven mile leat from the east dart. A footpath leads down to the head of the west webburn river, where artificial ravines made by tin miners before the days of shaft mining can be seen. There are extensive earthworks and shafts in this area and care should be taken (minchinton).


Bodman, M., 1998, Water-Powered Sites in Devon (Report - non-specific). SDV305931.

Two waterwheels were present 40' and 32' (bodman).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV216416Migrated Record: WHITBOURNE.
SDV2310Migrated Record: Minchinton, W..
SDV305931Report - non-specific: Bodman, M.. 1998. Water-Powered Sites in Devon. A4 Spiral Bound.
SDV305952Migrated Record:
SDV305953Migrated Record:
SDV305954Aerial Photograph:
SDV305955Migrated Record:
SDV305956Aerial Photograph:
SDV305957Aerial Photograph:
SDV305958Aerial Photograph:
SDV305959Migrated Record:
SDV305960Aerial Photograph:
SDV305961Migrated Record:
SDV305962Migrated Record:
SDV305963Migrated Record:
SDV69961Worksheet: Greeves, T. A. P..
SDV96591Migrated Record: RICHARDSON.

Associated Monuments

MDV126487Parent of: Carpenter's shop at Birch Tor and Vitifer Mine (Building)
MDV126489Parent of: Mine buildings at Birch Tor and Vitifer Mine (Building)
MDV41464Parent of: Mine shaft at Birch Tor and Vitifer Mine (Monument)
MDV27830Parent of: OPEN CUT in the Parish of North Bovey (Monument)
MDV126492Parent of: Remains of a bungalow at Birch Tor and Vitifer Mine (Building)
MDV27831Parent of: Ruined remains of mine office at Birch Tor and Vitifer Mine (Building)
MDV126490Parent of: Turbine house at Birch Tor and Vitifer Mine (Building)
MDV126491Parent of: Wheel pit at Birch Tor and Vitifer Mine (Monument)
MDV126486Parent of: Workers cottages at Birch Tor and Vitifer Mine (Building)
MDV6576Related to: Birch Tor and Vitifer Mine Leat (Monument)
MDV6635Related to: Golden Dagger Mine, Manaton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7139 - Headland Warren and the Birch Tor and Vitifer Mines Survey (Ref: A1/20/2001, A1/34/2002)

Date Last Edited:Sep 17 2019 12:37PM