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HER Number:MDV66394
Name:Mine Shaft 3 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine

Summary

Mine shaft number 3 known as 'Deep Adit' shaft forming part of the 19th century Eylesbarrow Tin Mine

Location

Grid Reference:SX 592 682
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 1300505
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/191/4
  • Old SAM Ref: 34467

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MINE SHAFT (XVIII to XIX - 1750 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Earthworks shown on 19th century map which may show the shaft slightly to the east.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 157163 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 9th May 2002. Deep Adit Shaft 775 metres west-south-west of Eylesbarrow, forming part of Eylesbarrow Tin Mine A massif steep sided trench about 10 metres deep covered in grass, bracken and heather. It appears stable. In the base on the northern side is a drystone revetment up to 2.5 metres high. The southern and western parts of this revetement survive as buried features. At the east end it stands up to 2 metres high. Another section of walling towards the upper edge of the eastern side may represent a platform for the aqueduct. Dump on the south is over 3 metres high and covered in bracken and moss. Dump on the west is about 5 metres high and covered in heather, bracken and moss. Above the trench to the east is a rock with two iron hoops connected by two further hoops.


Newman, P., 1999, Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine, 4 (Article in Serial). SDV231130.


Newman , P., 1999, Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine, 6-10, Figures 2-3, Appendix 1 (Report - Survey). SDV352201.

Over thirty shaftheads are still visible at the 19th century Eylesbarrow Tin Mine . They consist of conical pits surrounded on the downslope side by a crescentric ring of spoil or linear spoil dumps.
Shaft 3 is known as Deep Adit shaft was adapted to a wheelpit in 1847. The 'Sinking of deep adit shaft' was mentioned in 1815 and was named on maps of 1825 and circa 1840. Map Object based on this source.


English Heritage, 2005, Industrial Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV346396.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Feature shown on aerial photograph. Map object based on this source.


English Heritage, 2013, Eylesbarrow Tin Mine and associated remains (Schedule Document). SDV231131.

One of the mine shafts at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine.


English Heritage, 2013, Pastscape (Website). SDV352645.

Remains of nineteenth century mine shafts and adits at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine, which was mined from 1814 until 1856. An English Heritage archaeological field survey identified 25 shaftheads of which 16 have names recorded in documentary sources.
Most of the shaftheads comprise conical pits between 9 metres and 16 metres in diameter, surrounded on the downslope side by either a crescentic or linear spoil dump up to 3 metres high. Some also have remains of masonry collars. It is likely that the majority of the shafts would originally have had collars, particularly those associated with winding or pumping equipment but they were destroyed or obscured when the shafts were capped after abandonment. At least five of the shafts were associated with pumping equipment, powered by the two waterwheels located on the lower flanks of the hill. Three shafts Pryce Deacon's Shaft, Henry's Engine and New Engine all have evidence of balance bob pits built into the upper rim of the shafthead. Six of the shafts were used for winding.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV231130Article in Serial: Newman, P.. 1999. Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 57. Paperback Volume. 4.
SDV231131Schedule Document: English Heritage. 2013. Eylesbarrow Tin Mine and associated remains. The Schedule of Monuments. Website.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 157163.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV346396Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Industrial Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV352201Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 1999. Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine. English Heritage Survey Report. A4 Spiral Bound. 6-10, Figures 2-3, Appendix 1.
SDV352645Website: English Heritage. 2013. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.

Associated Monuments

MDV3330Part of: Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV3577Related to: Engine Wheelpit 2 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4966 - Survey of Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor
  • EDV6239 - Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine
  • EDV7382 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area

Date Last Edited:Jul 7 2014 10:18AM