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HER Number:MDV66412
Name:Building (j) and Enclosure south-east of Engine Wheel 1 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine

Summary

Building (j) and Enclosure south-east of Engine Wheel 1 forming part of the 19th century Eylesbarrow Tin Mine

Location

Grid Reference:SX 595 680
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/27/27
  • Old SAM Ref: 34467

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BUILDING (XVIII to XIX - 1750 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

Small square building shown on the 19th century Tithe Map in the north-east corner of a small rectangular enclosure.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Building and enclosure shown on 19th century map.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 157185 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 9th May 2002. Building 700 metres south-west of Eylesbarrow, forming part of Eylesbarrow Tin Mine. Wall 1.3 metres high on inside and revetted by drystone walling. The interior is flat. On north-east grass and heather, whilst on the south-west rushes and moss.


Newman , P., 1999, Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine, 38, Figures 2, 14-15, Appendix 3 (Report - Survey). SDV352201.

Building (j) and small enclosure constructed by 1843 close to Engine Wheelpit 1. Small stucture 3.7 metres by 3.7 metres in the north-east corner of a 0.02 hectare enclosure or garden.


Newman, P., 1999, Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine, Figure 2 (Article in Serial). SDV231130.


English Heritage, 2005, Survey Information (miscellaneous date) (Report - Survey). SDV345855.

Small square building shown on survey in the north-east corner of a sub-square enclosure to the south-east of the engine wheelpit.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Feature shown on aerial photograph as an irregular shaped enclosure with a stone spread in the north-east corner.


English Heritage, 2013, Eylesbarrow Tin Mine and associated remains (Schedule Document). SDV231131.

The 19th century Eylesbarrow Tin Mine opened in 1814 and continued until 1852. During this time several companies were formed to run the mine and most failed to make a profit. Eylesbarrow's importance stems from its unrivalled array of 19th century mining remains making it the largest and most informative example of a large scale water powered tin mine in Britain. At least 27 shafts and five adits were cut to reach the tin lodes, seven whim platforms and two water powered engine wheels were built to power the lifting and pumping machinery, a series of tramways were made to carry the ore to six separate stamping mills and, to complete the picture, a smelting house was constructed to smelt the processed tin from the stamping mills. The size of the operation is further emphasised by the large number of ancillary buildings constructed to serve the mine. Amongst these are a count house, dormitory accommodation, blacksmith's shop, powder houses, sample house and various storage buildings.


Ordnance Survey, 2014, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV355681.

Sub-square enclosure shown on modern mapping.


National Monument Record, 2014, Pastscape, 1300571 (Website). SDV355682.

A small square structure and enclosure, sited near the engine wheelpit at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine. An archaeological field survey by English Heritage in 1999 found the square structure is totally ruined, surviving only as a pile of rubble, measuring 3.7 metres by 3.7 metres and constructed from dry-stone granite blocks. It is situated within the north-east corner of a 0.02 hectare enclosure or garden. The site is likely to date from the late 1830s or early 1840s when it is first documented on the Sheepstor Tithe Map of 1843 and maybe associated with the mine.


Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, WLK-DT37 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 17/9/2019. Building covered with grass with a few outcrops of reeds. Overall condition very good. Photo taken.


Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, WLK-DT37 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photo looking 290° showing grass cover with a few outcrops of reeds.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV231130Article in Serial: Newman, P.. 1999. Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 57. Paperback Volume. Figure 2.
SDV231131Schedule Document: English Heritage. 2013. Eylesbarrow Tin Mine and associated remains. The Schedule of Monuments. Website.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 157185.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV345855Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Survey Information (miscellaneous date). English Heritage. Digital.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #98129 ]
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV352201Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 1999. Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine. English Heritage Survey Report. A4 Spiral Bound. 38, Figures 2, 14-15, Appendix 3.
SDV355681Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2014. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV355682Website: National Monument Record. 2014. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 1300571.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-DT37.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-DT37.

Associated Monuments

MDV3512Related to: Engine Wheelpit 1 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV3330Related to: Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4966 - Survey of Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor
  • EDV6239 - Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine

Date Last Edited:Sep 16 2019 6:10PM