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HER Number:MDV6642
Name:Alignment

Summary

A robbed and damaged Bronze Age stone row and cairn.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 654 815
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX68SE22
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 443808
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/70
  • Old SAM County Ref: 847
  • Old SAM Ref: 28760

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ancient Monuments, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV260150.

Vis=10/11/1970 (ancient monuments) stone row and cairn north east of stannon tor. Consists of 35 upright stones. There is the remains of a cairn with a 3.658m diameter at the rows northern end, the cairn has been badly robbed.

19/7/1983, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV260156.

Vis=site surveyed at 1:200 by t. Greeves + r. Robinson (19/7/1983). Plans in possession of t. Greeves. Vis=19/7/1983 (greeves + robinson) measured survey made of the entire row. Copy in smr.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV260167.

Des=greeves, t. /worksheet/(9/9/1982)/in pf. Vis=11/8/1982 (greeves) double stone row damaged by haymaking activity august 1982 (worksheet).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV260168.

Des=greeves,t. /(12/8/1982)/copy of letter in pf.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV260169.

Des=greeves, t. /(worksheet)/(9/9/1982)/in pf.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV260170.

Des=dnp survey drawing 1:10560/(-/10/1982)/in lydford parish file.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV260172.

Des=survey drawing(1983)in smr(hanging).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV260173.

Des=plan(1:200)in parish file.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV260176.

Des=nvq/pers comm/(22/3/1995)/notes in smr. Runs sx65398145 to sx65418164. Length 189m (nvq).

Baring Gould, S., 1898, 5th Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 97 (Article in Serial). SDV265401.

Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 306, Row no.45 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Stannon, south slope of White Ridge. Starts with a cairn at the north end. Double row, well preserved for a short distance, but increasingly dilapidated as the newtake wall is approached. Gradient 1 in 24, falling south.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1952, SX68SE22 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV258160.

(10/06/1952) Not in very good condition, only a few stones being visible being visible.

Worth, R. H., 1953, Dartmoor, 225-6 (Monograph). SDV231148.

A double stone row, 620 ft long from the centre of a cairn at the northern end, running nearly due south and slightly downhill. Well preserved at northern end for a short distance but becoming more dilapidated as it approaches the newtake wall at the southern end.

Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.

Robinson, R., 1983, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983 (Un-published). SDV345762.

(Visited 19/01/1983).

Fleming, A., 1983, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 2: North and East Dartmoor, 210 (Article in Serial). SDV227880.

One of its southern blocking stones is only 1m short of Assycombe Hill west reave, which may respect it.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1987-1993, Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit, M. J. Fletcher (Report - Survey). SDV350839.

(08/10/1990) Centred SX 65408156. A robbed and damaged double stone row with the remains of a mutilated cairn at its N end are situated on a gentle SW-facing slope overlooking a broad shallow valley at 445m O.D. The hillslope, under close-cropped moorland pasture, is covered by a deep layer of peat; very little surface stone is visible in the area.
SX 65418165 to SX 65398146. The stone row which protrudes through the deep peat layer can be traced in on almost unbroken line from the cairn, down the slope to the boundary wall between Great Stannon and Little Stannon newtakes. The 1983 survey by Greaves and Robinson indicated that it extended into Little Stannon for a further 350m, however a few on-line earthfast stones were the only evidence for the extension visible in 1990. The vegetation in Little Stannon is only lightly grazed so consequently the ground cover is low gorse bushes, heather and thick tuft grass-which effectively hides the alignment.
The Great Stannon double stone row is 185m long and lies down a convex slope. The height difference between the base of the cairn at the top of the row and the base of the newtake wall is approximately 16m. The top and bottom of the row are not intervisible because of this height difference and the rounded convex hillslope. The row has a marked change of alignment just over halfway along its length. This suggests that it may have been built in two places; it is significant that the stones in the N part are taller and more substantial then those in the S. The N, uphill, part about 105m long has 32 upright or leaning slabs, 21 recumbent slabs and approximately 19 almost completely buried stones - some could be natural sub-surface features. The largest upright measures 0.9m long, 0.3m wide and 0.4m high; the tallest upright is 0.7m high and the largest exposed recumbent slab is 0.75m by 0.45m and 0.3m thick. The width of this row is about 0.65m; the spacing of the stones is now difficult to deduce. The lower(s) part of the row, c.80m long, is composed of small, upright slabs; the majority are almost completely engulfed by the peat. They are now each about 0.2m long, 0.15m wide and the tips protrude 0.1m to 0.2m above the turf line. They are securely set into the ground approximately 1.7m apart but, again, the spacing is difficult to deduce. Approximately 30 upright stones are visible and at least 3 partially buried stones. Three earthfast boulders lie irregularly spaced on a line parallel to the S end of the row, c.6m to the E; they probably have no archaeological significance.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 152208. (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(29/04/1997) Stone alignment 470m east of Stannon Brook source. Double stone alignment predominantly covered in grass. Some small patches of erosion caused by animals and footpaths. No trace of the extension reported by Greeves. A few earthfast boulders on the approximate line of the row were visible but not enough evidence to justify extension of the monument southward.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 167; fig 35.11 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 167; fig 35.11.
SDV227880Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1983. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 2: North and East Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 49. Unknown. 210.
SDV231148Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1953. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 225-6.
SDV251087Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 111.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 306, Row no.45.
SDV258160Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1952. SX68SE22. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV260150Report - Survey: Ancient Monuments.
SDV260156Report - Survey: 19/7/1983.
SDV260167Migrated Record:
SDV260168Migrated Record:
SDV260169Migrated Record:
SDV260170Migrated Record:
SDV260172Migrated Record:
SDV260173Migrated Record:
SDV260176Migrated Record:
SDV265401Article in Serial: Baring Gould, S.. 1898. 5th Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 30. Unknown. 97.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 152208..
SDV345762Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1983. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV350839Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1987-1993. Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. Unknown. M. J. Fletcher.

Associated Monuments

MDV6657Related to: Cairn at Stannon Bottom, Bellever Plantation (Monument)
MDV6639Related to: Cairn to north of a row 470 metres east of Stannon Brook source (Monument)
MDV48016Related to: Stannon Block System, Assycombe Hill Ridge Reave (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8650 - Great Stannon Newtake, Duchy Farms Survey
  • EDV8409 - Dartmoor Royal Forest Project
  • EDV8423 - Duchy Farms Project

Date Last Edited:Apr 8 2022 3:18PM