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HER Number:MDV66444
Name:Pillow Mound at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine

Summary

One of five pillow mounds around the buildings forming part of the 19th century Eylesbarrow Tin Mine

Location

Grid Reference:SX 595 681
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/652
  • Old SAM Ref: 34467

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • PILLOW MOUND (XVIII to XIX - 1750 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 157221 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 9th May 2002. Pillow mound 600 metres south-west of Eylesbarrow. The mound is 19.3 metres long by 7 metres wide and 1.2 metres high. Ditch 2.7 metres wide by 0.5 metres deep. Flat topped mound with particularly steep side on the south suggestive of a revetment. The ditch is most pronounced on the north. Grass, moss and bracken.


Newman, P., 1999, Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine, Figure 2 (Article in Serial). SDV231130.


Newman , P., 1999, Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine, Figure 2 (Report - Survey). SDV352201.

Small oval earthwork shown on plan of Eylesbarrow Tin Mine.


English Heritage, 2005, Survey Information (miscellaneous date) (Report - Survey). SDV345855.

Pillow mound identified on survey.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Oval feature visible on aerial photograph.


English Heritage, 2013, Eylesbarrow Tin Mine and associated remains (Schedule Document). SDV231131.

The 19th century Eylesbarrow Tin Mine opened in 1814 and continued until 1852. During this time several companies were formed to run the mine and most failed to make a profit. Eylesbarrow's importance stems from its unrivalled array of 19th century mining remains making it the largest and most informative example of a large scale water powered tin mine in Britain. At least 27 shafts and five adits were cut to reach the tin lodes, seven whim platforms and two water powered engine wheels were built to power the lifting and pumping machinery, a series of tramways were made to carry the ore to six separate stamping mills and, to complete the picture, a smelting house was constructed to smelt the processed tin from the stamping mills. The size of the operation is further emphasised by the large number of ancillary buildings constructed to serve the mine. Amongst these are a count house, dormitory accommodation, blacksmith's shop, powder houses, sample house and various storage buildings.


National Monument Record, 2014, Pastscape, 438908 (Website). SDV355682.

Five well-preserved pillow mounds lie in a dispersed group around the main buildings of Eylesbarrow Tin Mine. All are of similar construction comprising stoney bases with turf infill and an earthen upper layer. They have flat tops and squarish ends. This pillow mound is 19 metres long by 5.4 metres wide and is 1.3 metres high. It lies across the slope with a drainage ditch 3.5 metres wide and 0.6 metres deep on its north-eastern flank.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV231130Article in Serial: Newman, P.. 1999. Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 57. Paperback Volume. Figure 2.
SDV231131Schedule Document: English Heritage. 2013. Eylesbarrow Tin Mine and associated remains. The Schedule of Monuments. Website.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 157221.
SDV345855Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Survey Information (miscellaneous date). English Heritage. Digital.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #98155 ]
SDV352201Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 1999. Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine. English Heritage Survey Report. A4 Spiral Bound. Figure 2.
SDV355682Website: National Monument Record. 2014. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 438908.

Associated Monuments

MDV3330Related to: Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV66507Related to: Pillow Mound at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV66446Related to: Pillow Mound at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV66489Related to: Pillow Mound at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV66512Related to: Pillow Mound at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4966 - Survey of Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor
  • EDV6239 - Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine

Date Last Edited:Mar 7 2014 12:32PM