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HER Number:MDV66519
Name:Adit at Wheal Katherine Tin Mine

Summary

Adit forming part of the 19th century Wheal Katherine Tin Mine

Location

Grid Reference:SX 606 683
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/216/36
  • Old SAM Ref: 34468
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ADIT (XVIII to XIX - 1750 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 157296 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 15th May 2002. Adit 360 metres west-south-west of Plym Ford, forming part of Wheal Katherine Tin Mine. A water filled oval shaped hollow measuring 0.8 metres deep. Water is flowing from the hollow, which is probably flat bottomed. Water and rushes in base with grass and heather on the sides.


Newman , P., 1999, Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine, 13, Figure 4 (Report - Survey). SDV352201.

The remains of only one adit may be identified at Wheal Katherine Tin Mine. It is located to the north of the dressing floor and likely to be associated with shafts 27, 28 and 29. The opening consists of a circa 9 metre crescentric pit which is water filled.


Newman, P., 1999, Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine, Figure 4 (Article in Serial). SDV231130.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Feature visible on aerial photograph.


English Heritage, 2014, National Heritage List for England, 1063881 (National Heritage List for England). SDV355683.

Wheal Katherine includes structures and earthworks associated with Wheal Katherine situated on the lower south facing slopes of Eylesbarrow overlooking the River Plym. The final form of mining is represented by five particularly large pits called shafts and an adit. These would have been dug to reach the tin ore below the depth accessible by openworks and lode back pits. These features probably belong to the 19th century extraction phase. Ore extracted from these shafts and adits would have been processed in the stamping mill and associated dressing floors. The final product from this processing area would have been black tin which would have then been transported elsewhere for smelting.


National Monument Record, 2014, Pastscape, 1063881 (Website). SDV355682.

Remains of a tin processing works at Wheal Katherine which formed part of Eylesbarrow tin mine set and was operational until 1856. An archaeological field survey in 1994 located structures including a stamping mill, dressing floors and buddles.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV231130Article in Serial: Newman, P.. 1999. Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 57. Paperback Volume. Figure 4.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 157296.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #98211 ]
SDV352201Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 1999. Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine. English Heritage Survey Report. A4 Spiral Bound. 13, Figure 4.
SDV355682Website: National Monument Record. 2014. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 1063881.
SDV355683National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2014. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Website. 1063881.

Associated Monuments

MDV61849Part of: Wheal Katherine Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV3330Related to: Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV64743Related to: Shaft 27 at Wheal Katherine Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV106639Related to: Shaft 28 at Wheal Katherine Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV66518Related to: Shaft 29 at Wheal Katherine Tin Mine (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6239 - Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine

Date Last Edited:Sep 23 2016 3:24PM