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HER Number:MDV66522
Name:Reck House at Wheal Katherine Tin Mine

Summary

One of two reck houses to the south of Stamping mill number 7 at the 19th century Wheal Katherine Tin Mine

Location

Grid Reference:SX 607 682
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/213/11
  • Old SAM Ref: 34468
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • METAL WORKING SITE (XVIII to XIX - 1750 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Building shown on 19th century map.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 157300 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 15th may 2002. Reck house 340 metres west-south-west of Plym Ford, forming part of Wheal Katherine Tin Mine. A 3 metre long by 2.5 metre wide building denoted by a 1 metre wide drystone wall standing up to 1.6 metres high. Eastern part of the building has a revetted chamber measuring 1.2 metres wide by 0.35 metres deep. Loose rubble lying within the chamber. Grass, bilberry, rushes and heather.


Newman , P., 1999, Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine, 32-3, Figures 4, 14 and 15 (Report - Survey). SDV352201.

The 'reck' or 'rack' house was where fine residual tin trapped in the tailings underwent a further refining process. The apparatus consisted of single or paired boards onto which the tailings were placed and over which a gentle flow of water was introduced. The concentrate would build up and then it was removed either by tipping the board or washing it into a separate launder by a more powerful stream. The western of two reck houses to the south of Stamping Mill number 7 at Wheal Katherine Tin Mine is situated to the south of the dressing floor.


Newman, P., 1999, Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine, Figure 14 (Article in Serial). SDV231130.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Feature visible on aerial photograph.


English Heritage, 2014, National Heritage List for England, 1021056 (National Heritage List for England). SDV355683.

A number of different types of earthworks and structures relating to tin extraction and processing survive at Wheal Katherine Tin Mine. The final form of mining is represented by five particularly large pits called shafts and an adit. These would have been dug to reach the tin ore below the depth accessible by openworks and lode back pits. These features probably belong to the 19th century extraction phase. Ore extracted from these shafts and adits would have been processed in the stamping mill and associated dressing floors. The stamping machinery would have sat next to the large stone faced wheelpit and the dressing floor survives as a series of linear and rectangular hollows in the area south of the stamps. Two reck houses in which the tin was further refined survive towards the southern edge of the dressing floor. The final product from this processing area would have been black tin which would have then been transported elsewhere for smelting.


National Monument Record, 2014, Pastscape, 1063881 (Website). SDV355682.

Remains of a tin processing works at Wheal Katherine which formed part of Eylesbarrow tin mine set and was operational until 1856. An archaeological field survey in 1994 located structures including a stamping mill, dressing floors and buddles.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV231130Article in Serial: Newman, P.. 1999. Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 57. Paperback Volume. Figure 14.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 157300.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #98214 ]
SDV352201Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 1999. Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine. English Heritage Survey Report. A4 Spiral Bound. 32-3, Figures 4, 14 and 15.
SDV355682Website: National Monument Record. 2014. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 1063881.
SDV355683National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2014. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Website. 1021056.

Associated Monuments

MDV61849Part of: Wheal Katherine Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV66520Related to: Dressing Floor at the Stamping Mill at Wheal Katherine Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV3330Related to: Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV66521Related to: Reck House at Wheal Katherine Tin Mine (Building)
MDV5164Related to: Stamping Mill at Wheal Katherine Tin Mine (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6239 - Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine

Date Last Edited:Sep 23 2016 3:24PM