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HER Number:MDV6657
Name:Cairn at Stannon Bottom, Bellever Plantation

Summary

Cairn a short distance to the north of the northernmost coaxial field boundary, at Stannon Bottom. The cairn survives as a 6.5m diameter mound up to 0.6m high. A central hollow is the result of excavation in 1896 which revealed a pit containing charcoal, burnt bone and a flint flake. A group of four edge set stones up to 1m high to the southeast are the remains of a stone alignment.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 653 810
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX68SE23
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 443809
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/84
  • Old SAM Ref: 34498.01

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))
  • CIST (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. N., 1896, 15th Report of the Barrow Committee, 84-86 (Article in Serial). SDV17612.

Stannon Bottom. Cairn with two standing stones to the south suggesting the remains of a stone row, probably destroyed to furnish the materials of an ancient hedge. It does not point to the centre of the cairn it had been previously opened, but abandoned when no cist was found. The remainder was intact. A trench disclosed a thick layer of wood-charcoal, resting on the surface level, and 1.22m from the foot of the slope, at NE, a circular hole, urn shaped, dug in the calm was found. Cavity was filled with wood - charcoal and ashes with a few fragments of calcined bone, too small to be identifiable. A finely worked pointed, yellowish translucent flint found; a portion of a long arrowhead. The stone row runs from this cairn to the hedge.

Worth, R. H., 1902, 21st Report of the Barrow Committee, 109, 111, 121, 122 (Article in Serial). SDV20971.

Burnard, R., 1906, Early Man, 362 (Article in Monograph). SDV322231.

440ft WSW of kistvaen (SX68SE-51) is a small cairn 15ft in diameter. Trenched in 1895.

Victoria County History, 1906, The Victoria History of the County of Devon, 362 (Article in Serial). SDV238214.

440ft WSW of kistvaen (SX68SE-51) is a small cairn 15ft in diameter. Trenched in 1895.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1952, SX68SE23 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV256582.

Cairn at Stannon Bottom. NGR SX65338103. Ref to visit by R. H. Worth in 1948.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 146, Lydford 28 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(13/06/1976 ) Cairn just N of NE/SW reave, with possible remains of stone row descending to S excavated by Burnard. Finds are in Plymouth Museum. The cairn is 6.0m diameter and 0.7m high.

Dartmoor National Park Authority, 1982, Untitled Source (Plan - measured). SDV320369.

Shown on drawing at above NGR. Other details: Scale 1:10560.

Greeves, T. + Robinson, R., 1983, Survey drawing (Plan - measured). SDV256584.

(19/07/1983) Cairn surveyed, together with the Stannon Stone Row running northward from it.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1987-1993, Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit, S. Probert (Report - Survey). SDV350839.

(09/02/1989) SX 65338109. A turf covered cairn on a moorland terrace above Stannon Bottom, in low gorse, long grass and reeds. The cairn measures 6m. N. to S, by 6.5m. E. to W., and is 0.6m high. A squarish hollow in the top presumably results from Burnard's excavation.
(On SMR SX 68 SE 051 for references to Burnard's stone row, the reference to O.S.A. SX 68 SE 24 should read SX 68 SE 23; see SX 68 SE 125)

Horner, W., 1993, Comment (Personal Comment). SDV256587.

(15/07/1993) Grinsell and Burnard references previously ascribed to SX68SE-51, but do not appear to refer to a cist with retaining kerb. Entries transferred to this site.

English Heritage, 2004, Schedule Note (Schedule Document). SDV320500.

Cairn a short distance to the north of the northernmost coaxial field boundary. The cairn survives as a 6.5m diameter mound up to 0.6m high. A central hollow is the result of excavation in 1896 which revealed a pit containing charcoal, burnt bone and a flint flake. A group of four edge set stones up to 1m high to the southeast are the remains of a stone alignment.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV17612Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1896. 15th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 28. Hardback Volume + Digital. 84-86.
SDV20971Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1902. 21st Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 34. A5 Paperback + Digital. 109, 111, 121, 122.
SDV238214Article in Serial: Victoria County History. 1906. The Victoria History of the County of Devon. Victoria History of the County of Devon. 1. Unknown. 362.
SDV256582Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1952. SX68SE23. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV256584Plan - measured: Greeves, T. + Robinson, R.. 1983. Survey drawing. Measured Survey Drawing. Unknown.
SDV256587Personal Comment: Horner, W.. 1993. Comment. Not Applicable.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 146, Lydford 28.
SDV320369Plan - measured: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 1982. Dartmoor National Park Survey Drawing.
SDV320500Schedule Document: English Heritage. 2004. Schedule Note. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
SDV322231Article in Monograph: Burnard, R.. 1906. Early Man. Victoria History of the County of Devon. 1. A4 Hardback. 362.
SDV350839Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1987-1993. Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. Unknown. S. Probert.

Associated Monuments

MDV54555Parent of: Alignment (Monument)
MDV6642Related to: Alignment (Monument)
MDV54556Related to: Hut circle on Merripit Hill (Monument)
MDV20498Related to: Stannon Hill reave system, Stannon Block System (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV5902 - ARROWHEAD (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FDV7601 - HUMAN REMAINS (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC?)

Associated Events

  • EDV658 - Excavation of cairn, Bellever Plantation
  • EDV8518 - Cairn investigated, Stannon Bottom
  • EDV8649 - Little Stannon Newtake, Duchy Farms Survey
  • EDV8409 - Dartmoor Royal Forest Project

Date Last Edited:Apr 11 2022 1:36PM