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HER Number:MDV66637
Name:Streamworks at Wheal Katherine Tin Mine

Summary

Area of streamworking to the south of Wheal Katherine tin mine also known as Crane Lake

Location

Grid Reference:SX 613 683
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 66 NW 84
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/223
  • Old SAM Ref: 34468
  • Pastscape: 1063602
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STREAMWORKS (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Streamwork shown as an earthwork on modern mapping.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Earthwork shown on 19th century map.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 157322 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 15th may 2002. Streamwork to the west of Plym Ford includes dumps lying mainly across the contour. The dumps are up to 1 metre high. Grass and heather with rushes in the hollows.


Newman , P., 1999, Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine, 5, Figure 4 (Report - Survey). SDV352201.

Area of 'old streamwork' shown on plan of Wheal Katherine tin mine. Tin extraction was documented in this area from the 16th century but had been taking place since at least the 12th century and possibly in the Prehistoric era. Streamworks in which alluvial deposits were worked are located along the entire valley of the River Plym and several of its tributaries including Crane Lake.


Newman, P., 1999, Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine, Figure 4 (Article in Serial). SDV231130.


English Heritage, 2005, Industrial Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV346396.

Part of the large area of streamworking to the south of Wheal Katherine shown on the survey along the River Plym.


English Heritage, 2014, National Heritage List for England, 1021056 (National Heritage List for England). SDV355683.

Partly within the scheduled area of Wheal Katherine tin mine.


National Monument Record, 2014, Pastscape, 1063881 + 1063879 (Website). SDV355682.

Wheal Katherine - NMR 1063881
Remains of a tin processing works at Wheal Katherine which formed part of Eylesbarrow tin mine set and was operational until 1856. An archaeological field survey in 1994 located structures including a stamping mill, dressing floors and buddles.
Crane Lake – NMR 1063879
Earthwork remains of a tin mine and associated tinworks including tin processing which was documented in 1792. The mine subsequently changed its name to Wheal Katherine and was part of Eylesbarrow Mine. An archaeological field survey in 1994 recorded a range of features which included openworks, reservoirs, leats, pits and shafts covering an area of 20 hectares. Two openworks were surveyed, these measured up to 25 metres in width and 8 metres in depth. Both were well preserved with sharply cut sides and were supplied by water from the reservoirs by a series of leats and channels. Several hundred pits were also recorded. These ranged in diameter from 3 metres to 15 metres and were up to 1.5 metres deep.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV231130Article in Serial: Newman, P.. 1999. Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 57. Paperback Volume. Figure 4.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 157322.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV346396Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Industrial Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital. [Mapped features: #98255 ; #98256 ]
SDV352201Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 1999. Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine. English Heritage Survey Report. A4 Spiral Bound. 5, Figure 4.
SDV355682Website: National Monument Record. 2014. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 1063881 + 1063879.
SDV355683National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2014. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Website. 1021056.

Associated Monuments

MDV61849Parent of: Wheal Katherine Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV66636Related to: Leat at Wheal Katherine Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV64740Related to: Streamworks at Wheal Katherine Tin Mine (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6239 - Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine

Date Last Edited:Sep 23 2016 3:25PM