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HER Number:MDV6676
Name:Hut Circle Settlement 920 metres north of Statts Bridge

Summary

Bronze Age settlement comprising the remains of some 14-18 stone-built huts together with a fragmentary enclosure, the north-west side of which has been damaged by tin pits. Most of the huts are 3.0-3.5 metres diameter and found in pairs but the settlement also includes a larger hut, 4.8 metres diameter which is joined by curved walls to a neighbouring hut and abutting onto another with an annexe.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 666 813
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/92
  • Old SAM Ref: 28744
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • UNENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Fleming, A., 1979, The Dartmoor Reaves. Boundary Patterns and Behaviour Patterns in the Second Millennium BC, 127 (Article in Serial). SDV258579.

Suggested that this is an example of a summer site converted to a permanent site.


The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Unit, 1985, The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV340940.

Nine of the hut circles are visible, one of them incorporated into, and three others enclosed by, a rectilinear enclosure that has been partially destroyed by a leat.


Gerrard, S., 1990-1994, Monument Protection Programme, 152147-65 (Report - Survey). SDV350743.

Site visit 10th June 1999. Prehistoric settlement 920 metres north of Statts bridge.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 35, Map 26 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Some 16 small heather-covered huts, most of them in pairs with single-slabbed walls 3.0 - 3.5 metres across. The most interesting one is slightly larger, 4.8 metres diameter, joined by curved walls to a neighbouring hut and abutting onto another with an annexe. The only enclosure visible, about 30 metres by 18 metres, is associated with a pair of huts above the track.


English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

Cluster of huts recorded.


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Hut Circles marked.


English Heritage, 2013, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV350785.

Partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement 900m and 940m north west of Warren House Inn.
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
The partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement 900m and 940m north west of Warren House Inn survives well and contains environmental and archaeological information about the settlement, its occupants and the landscape in which they lived. The settlement lies within the Stannon block field system and contains a small group of especially complex buildings.
The monument, which falls into two areas of protection, includes a stone hut circle settlement situated on a gentle south facing slope overlooking the Walla Brook. The settlement includes at least one enclosure and 18 stone hut circles, which survive as circular or oval banks each surrounding an internal area which varies from 3.8 sq m to 15.2 sq m, with the average being 10.4 sq m. The height of the surrounding walls varies between 0.2m and 0.8m, with the average being 0.43m. Eight of the huts have visible doorways and two lie within the enclosure. The three hut circles centred at NGR SX66698142 are especially complex in character, with the northern one possessing a hooked porch, whilst the other two are connected to a small irregular shaped courtyard. The enclosure is situated within the northern part of the settlement and includes a 1.5m wide and 0.5m high earthwork bank with occasional large orthostats surrounding an area measuring 19m long 15m wide.


English Heritage, 2013, Pastscape, 443804 (Website). SDV352645.

Hut circles and fragmentary enclosure. NMR No. SX68SE20. Record last updated: N/A


National Monument Record, Unknown, SX6681, 4, 5 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352768.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Unknown, SX68SE20 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV258578.

Site visit 9th September 1952. Group of 13 hut circles.


Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, Unknown, Unknown (Report - Survey). SDV354453.

Centred on SX66668146 is a cluster of 14 poorly preserved hut circles and a fragmentary enclosure on the southern flank of Assycombe Hill 1kilometres west-north-west of the Warren House Inn. The huts are overgrown and have apparently suffered heavy robbing with little of the original walling material now remaining. Only 3 of the huts display possible entrances, all in the east quadrant. [One of the] huts seems to have been refurbished possibly using stone salvaged from the surrounding huts and a walkers' letter box is partially concealed in its walls. The associated sub-rectangular enclosure is bounded by turf and stone banks up to 1.4 metres wide and 0.5 metres high. Its north-west side has been damaged by tin pits.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 35, Map 26.
SDV258578Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Unknown. SX68SE20. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV258579Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1979. The Dartmoor Reaves. Boundary Patterns and Behaviour Patterns in the Second Millennium BC. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 127.
SDV340940Interpretation: The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Unit. 1985. The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project. The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project. Map (Paper).
SDV345521Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV350743Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-1994. Monument Protection Programme. Monument Protection Programme. Unknown. 152147-65.
SDV350785National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2013. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV352645Website: English Heritage. 2013. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 443804.
SDV352768Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. Unknown. SX6681. Unknown. 4, 5.
SDV354453Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. Unknown. Unknown. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field Investigation. Unknown.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Nov 12 2013 9:04AM