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HER Number:MDV6695
Name:Hut circle 210 metres north-west of Metherall, Fernworthy Reservoir

Summary

Large hut circle with associated lengths of walling. One of the group at Metherall, Fernworthy Reservoir, four huts of which are now submerged, following the construction of the reservoir in the mid 20th century. Some of the hut circles have been reused as farm buildings over time and two have certainly been used as tinner's workshops or stores in the 16th century. This hut lies uphill of the submerged huts and was not one of those excavated by Worth in the 1930s in advance of reservoir construction.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 670 840
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishChagford
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCHAGFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/108
  • Old SAM Ref: 28752
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 13/04/1947, RAF/CPE/UK/1995, 2361-2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV224714.


Worth, R. H., 1935, Dartmoor Exploration Committee, Twelfth Report, 119-27 (Article in Serial). SDV259660.

This hut circle is not mentioned as having been excavated but is positioned on Worth’s general plan.


Fox, A., 1954, Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor, 87 (Article in Serial). SDV231175.

These hut circles are part of a group together with a field system and other huts now submerged by Fernworthy Reservoir.


National Monuments Record, 1979, NMR SF1509, 962 (Aerial Photograph). SDV262885.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

The two hut circles are visible and recorded: they form part of a group of five hut circles to the south-east of Fernworthy Reservoir.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 155-6, Fig. 35.1 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Hut 7 on Butler's map, measuring 8.4 metres in diameter. This hut lies uphill of the main group and has not been excavated.


Gerrard, S., 1999, Metherall Bronze Age settlement, 152184 (Un-published). SDV259666.

Hut circle at SX67078403 210 metres north-west of Metherall. Diameter 8.3 metres, walls 1.1 metres wide, 1.3 metres high. Internal area 54.07 metres. A 180 degree facing gap may represent a doorway.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

This hut circle is depicted on the modern digital mapping.


English Heritage, 2011, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV347072.

The monument, which falls into four areas of protection, includes four substantial stone hut circles and associated boundary walls situated on a gentle north west facing slope overlooking Fernworthy Reservoir.
The stone hut circles survive as circular walls each surrounding an internal area which varies from 45 to 57 square metres. The heights of the surrounding walls vary between 1.1 metres and 1.8 metres. Two of the huts have visible doorways and one has a porch.
From this hut at SX67078403 an orthostatic wall with rubble infill measuring 1.8 meters wide by 0.6 metres high, leads east for over 50 metres.
A 1.5 metre wide, gravel covered path known as Potter's Way cuts through part of the monument. The surface of this path is excluded from the scheduling, but the ground below is included.


Newman , P., 2013, The Archaeology of Fernworthy Forest, Dartmoor, Devon. Supplement. The Lakeside Area and Lowton Farmsteads, 14, Figs. 5, 16 (Report - Survey). SDV356884.

Hut circle within that part of the Metherall settlement which lies outside the area affected by the construction of the reservoir. Both this and the hut circle to the south (MDV61334) appear to have suffered some stone robbing but the surviving walls are protected by a turf covering. They have notably levelled interiors. This hut is located at the T junction of two contemporary enclosure walls. Vestiges of another wall can be traced on the north side of the hut.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 155-6, Fig. 35.1.
SDV224714Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 13/04/1947. RAF/CPE/UK/1995. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2361-2.
SDV231175Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1954. Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 20. Unknown. 87.
SDV259660Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1935. Dartmoor Exploration Committee, Twelfth Report. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 67. Photocopy. 119-27.
SDV259666Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 1999. Metherall Bronze Age settlement. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Digital. 152184.
SDV262885Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1979. NMR SF1509. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 962.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #98333 ]
SDV347072National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2011. National Heritage List for England. Website.
SDV356884Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2013. The Archaeology of Fernworthy Forest, Dartmoor, Devon. Supplement. The Lakeside Area and Lowton Farmsteads. Newman, P.. A4 Comb Bound. 14, Figs. 5, 16.

Associated Monuments

MDV107529Part of: Metherall Hut Settlement, Chagford (Monument)
MDV61334Related to: Hut circle 180 metres west of Metherall, Fernworthy Reservoir (Monument)
MDV61335Related to: Wall adjacent to Hut Circle, Metherall, Fernworthy Reservoir (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6533 - Archaeological Survey of South-West Lakeside Trust Land around Fernworthy Reservoir

Date Last Edited:Aug 1 2016 10:21AM