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HER Number:MDV6707
Name:Prehistoric Settlement on Chagford Common, Chagford

Summary

The central of three Prehistoric settlements on Chagford Common which was originally divided into eleven fields with at least six associated hut circles

Location

Grid Reference:SX 679 833
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishChagford
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCHAGFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/120
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/120/16
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/120/2
  • Old SAM Ref: 28728
  • Old SAM Ref: 28728
  • Old SAM Ref: 28728
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source, 443872, SX68SE72 (Migrated Record). SDV244678.

Faint crop marks of two contiguous mainly rectilinear enclosures at SX 67898323.


Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/F64/58/6399, 20-21 (Aerial Photograph). SDV255307.

Photograph taken on 2nd July 1964.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

A large complex of agglomerated enclosures is visible between SX67958353 and SX67848292. The central enclosure contains at least five fields with 12 possible associated hut circles.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 149371 + MPP149383 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 29th January 1999. Central of three agglomerated enclosures forming part of an enclosed Prehistoric settlement on Chagford Common. The enclosure has at least eleven elements defined by earthwork banks with protruding orthostats.

stone hut circle forming part of an enclosed prehistoric settlement on chagford common.DES=VIS=29/1/1999 (GERRARD, S.) STONE HUT CIRCLE FORMING PART OF AN ENCLOSED PREHISTORIC SETTLEMENT ON CHAGFORD COMMON.
DES=DIAM 6.7M. EARTHWORK + SINGLE ORTHOSTAT WALL 2.1M WIDE. 0.8M HIGH. SURVIVES AS EARTHWORK EXCEPT ON NE SECTOR WHERE IT IS SINGLE ORTHOSTATIC WITH STONES DEFINING INSIDE EDGE. A 180 DEGREE FACING GAP MAY REPRESENT A DOORWAY. GRASS +SHORT GORSE (GERRARD).


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 29-30, Map 25 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Central of three independent Prehistoric settlements on Chagford Common. Settlement 6 has six huts and has expanded to within a few metres of the southern settlement.


Cosford, J., 1991-2, Chagford Common (Worksheet). SDV244606.

Cosford, j. /(7/10/1991)/worksheet in parish file.


Cosford, J., 1991-2, Chagford Common (Worksheet). SDV244606.

Enclosure encroached on by a Medieval ditch and bank. Traced on the ground a s a series of grassy humps and irregularly spaced stones up to 0.5 metres high.


Passmore, A. J., 1997, Boveycombehedd, Chagford, Devon: an archaeological investigation of a Diachronic landscape (Post-Graduate Thesis). SDV360382.

Enclosure B is situated 35 metres north-east of Enclosure A. It covers an area of 4.5 hectares. Originally it probably consisted of eleven fields ranging from 0.2 to 1 hectare, although some internal divisions are eroded. A later ditch cuts the southern part of the enclosure and a shallow tinner's gully cuts through the north-east edge of the enclosure. Six hut circles are associated with this enclosure. Map object partly based on this source.


Environment Agency WMS, 1998-2016, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution) (Cartographic). SDV360209.

Parts of outline visible on data.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Part of outline shown on aerial photograph. Map object partly based on this source.


Historic England, 2018, National Heritage List for England, 1018926 (National Heritage List for England). SDV360653.

The monument includes three agglomerated enclosures containing stone hut circles, a cairn cemetery, post-medieval fields, an openwork, streamworks, and a tin mine situated on an east facing slope of Chagford Common overlooking the Walla Brook.
The central agglomerated enclosure includes at least eleven elements and contains six stone hut circles.
The southern agglomerated enclosure which has been partially overlain by a post-medieval field system containing ridge and furrow is associated with at least five stone hut circles. The stone hut circles survive as circular or oval banks each surrounding an internal area which varies from 6 sq m to 78.5 sq m, with the average being 34.6 sq m. The height of the surrounding walls varies between 0.6m and 1.05m, with the average being 0.74m. Six of the huts have visible doorways, nine are attached to field boundary banks and they are all of orthostatic or rubble bank construction.


National Monument Record, 2018, Pastscape, 443870, SX68SE70 (Website). SDV360651.

Vegetation mark of an oval enclosure.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 29-30, Map 25.
SDV244606Worksheet: Cosford, J.. 1991-2. Chagford Common.
SDV244678Migrated Record: 443872, SX68SE72.
SDV255307Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/F64/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 20-21.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 149371 + MPP149383.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV360209Cartographic: Environment Agency WMS. 1998-2016. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital.
SDV360382Post-Graduate Thesis: Passmore, A. J.. 1997. Boveycombehedd, Chagford, Devon: an archaeological investigation of a Diachronic landscape. King Alfred's College, Winchester. A4 Comb Bound.
SDV360651Website: National Monument Record. 2018. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 443870, SX68SE70.
SDV360653National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2018. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1018926.

Associated Monuments

MDV64189Parent of: Hut Circle within Prehistoric Settlement on Chagford Common, Chagford (Monument)
MDV64190Parent of: Hut Circle within Prehistoric Settlement on Chagford Common, Chagford (Monument)
MDV6704Parent of: Hut Circle within Prehistoric Settlement on Chagford Common, Chagford (Monument)
MDV6706Parent of: Hut Circle within Prehistoric Settlement on Chagford Common, Chagford (Monument)
MDV43224Parent of: Hut Circle within Prehistoric Settlements on Chagford Common, Chagford (Monument)
MDV6668Related to: Hurston Ridge Prehistoric Enclosure, Chagford (Monument)
MDV64186Related to: Hut Circle within Prehistorc settlement on Chagford Common, Chagford (Monument)
MDV64196Related to: Prehistoric Settlement on Chagford Common, Chagford (Monument)
MDV6708Related to: Prehistoric Settlement on Chagford Common, Chagford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7505 - Boveycombehedd, Chagford: An Archaeological Investigation of a Diachronic Landscape

Date Last Edited:May 15 2018 3:31PM