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HER Number:MDV6712
Name:Caroline Cott, Water Hill

Summary

Remains of a small dwelling house and enclosures associated with the nearby Wheal Caroline Mine. It was adapted for use as a farm when the mine first closed in the 1830s and is recorded in 1839 as 'Cot House and Potato Garden'. It reverted to farming again when the mine finally closed in the later 19th century.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 668 811
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of prehistoric reave system, earthwork and building remains of Caroline Cott; a post-medieval farmstead, as well as leats, trial pits and steamworking remains associated with Wheal Caroline Mine on Water Hill

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/7/1
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (Built, XIX - 1801 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 02/07/1964, F64 6399, 022-3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV244309.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosures and buildings shown but not named.


Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, 13, 14, plan (Un-published). SDV150434.

Site visit 21st March 1967. A small dwelling house connected with the nearby Wheal Caroline mine. It was still lived in about the 1850s and known as Caroline Buildings or Caroline Cott. The house is now ruinous but the side stones of two large fireplaces remain. The enclosure walls are in good repair.


Hemery, E., 1983, High Dartmoor, 514 (Monograph). SDV249702.

An enclosure containing a small building with fireplace and door jambs on the south-west slope of Watern Hill associated with Wheal Caroline, a rather unproductive mine. After the first closure of the mine in the late 1830s the buildings were adapted for use as a farm by Henry Jenkins. They are recorded in 1839 as 'Cot House and Potato Garden'. Mining resumed at the Caroline sett in the second half of the 19th century but site reverted to farming when mining finally ceased. It was generally referred to as Caroline Farm until well after the Second World War.


The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Unit, 1985, The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV340940.

Visible and recorded.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 37, Map 26 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Site referred to only by name, as Statts Farm.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Enclosures and house clearly visible on aerial photograph.


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Site depicted.


White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads, Water Hill (Un-published). SDV352501.

Water Hill deserted farmstead near Warren House.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 27/06/1977, SX68SE18 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV354906.

Rectilinear enclosure, possibly a deserted medieval site.


National Monument Record, Unknown, SX6681, SX6681/4 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352768.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Unknown, SX68SE78 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV244310.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital. 13, 14, plan.
SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 37, Map 26.
SDV244309Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 02/07/1964. F64 6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 022-3.
SDV244310Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Unknown. SX68SE78. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV249702Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. High Dartmoor. High Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 514.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV340940Interpretation: The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Unit. 1985. The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project. The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project. Map (Paper).
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #98372 ]
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet. Water Hill.
SDV352768Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. Unknown. SX6681. Unknown. SX6681/4.
SDV354906Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 27/06/1977. SX68SE18. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.

Associated Monuments

MDV54591Related to: Footbridge over the leat north-west of Caroline Cott (Monument)
MDV6548Related to: Wheal Caroline Mine, Water Hill, (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jun 17 2016 9:46AM