HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV6805
Name:Lower Broadun enclosure, Dartmoor Forest

Summary

The remains of a probable settlement enclosure set outside the East Dart River. The larger W part is on steep E slopes, 360m to 390m OD, of rough grassland and heather, with occasional boulders and scattered outcrops. The smaller part of the enclosure encompasses flat ground along the E side of the river at the base of steep gorse covered boulder strewn slopes.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 639 801
Map Sheet:SX68SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX68SW28
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 443953
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SW/53
  • Old SAM Ref: 34495.01

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card, SX68SW28, SX68SW28 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV224084.

At SX63858013 are the ill-defined remains of a rectangular structure (D) 4.5 metres north-west to south-east by 3.2 metres internally, with a turf covered stony wall spread to about 1.2 metres wide and 0.2 metres high. No entrance can be seen. Its north-west wall forms part of the perimeter of a similarly constructed enclosure (E), measuring 20 metres north to south by 11.5 metres. It is subtended upon the inner face of the main enclosure the wall of which seems to have been broached to afford access. The rectangular structure (D) appears to be a later, probable post medieval, addition which again may have been misinterpreted by Prowse. From the north-east corner of the main enclosure the wall (F) continues to the north for 100 metres where it joins one of the parallel reaves of the Stannen System and another reave of which appears to have joined the south end of the enclosure.

Prowse, A. B., 1891, Index to Personal Names in Westcote's "View of Devonshire in 1620" and his Devonshire pedigrees, 310 (Article in Serial). SDV224034.

A 'D'-shaped enclosure on the eastern slope of Broad Down and the right bank of the River Dart. Its straight side, bounded by the river, is 128 metres long. It contains nine hut circles. Other details: Figure.

Royal Air Force, 1949, RAF/540/176, 5122-3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV224083.

Royal Air Force, 1951, RAF/540/483, 4046-7 (Aerial Photograph). SDV224087.

National Monument Record, 1979, SF1510, 411-413 (Aerial Photograph). SDV224088.

Greeves, T. A. P., 1983, Middle Merripit Survey Drawing (Plan - measured). SDV321106.

The enclosure noted by Prowse lies within the much larger enclosure shown on survey drawing. Prehistoric enclosure containing at least two hut circles, one of which has a small enclosure attached to it. This lies just below the Powder Mills leat south-east of Broadun Ring. Its walls run right down to the River Dart.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

A fragmentary enclosure bridging the river. No hut circles are visible on the aerial photographs.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1987-1993, Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit, I. S. Sainsbury (Report - Survey). SDV350839.

(15/08/1989) SX 63908011. The remains of a probable settlement enclosure set outside the East Dart River. (See plan at 1:1000). The larger W part is on steep E slopes, 360m to 390m OD, of rough grassland and heather, with occasional boulders and scattered outcrops. The smaller part of the enclosure encompasses flat ground along the E side of the river at the base of steep gorse covered boulder strewn slopes.
The enclosure measures 150m E-W by 120m, about 1.75ha, within a turf covered rubble wall, generally about 3m wide and 0.2m to 0.5m high. Around the W this is reduced to a stony scarp 3m wide and 1m high, probably encroached upon by the Powder Mills Leat; and across the eastern slopes or scarp 4m wide 1.5m high containing large stones and boulders.
The only evidence of a possible entrance is in the N wall of the western part where a 5m break (a) is accompanied by a slight outcrop in the wall to the W.
At SX 63907960 is a crude platform (b) about 7m N-S by 6.5m edged by a few intermittent stones mainly around the inner face of the W uphill side and slightly built up on the lower side. This is probably a hut platform. Some 4m downhill from it is a stony scarp 3.2m wide and 1.1m high st bast, which extends from the enclosure wall N for about 45m before merging into the natural slope. A similar, though shorter and less well defined, stony scarp, 1.5m wide and 1m high, parallels it 6m to the W of the hut.
No evidence of other huts was found. A crude platform (c) about 4.5m diameter, at the possible entrance in the N wall may have been interpreted as a hut by Prowse (1891).
At SX 63858013 are the ill-defined remains of a rectangular structure (d) 4.5m NW-SE by 3.2m internally, with a turf covered stony wall spread to about 1.2m wide and 0.2m high. No entrance can be seen. Its NW wall forms part of the perimeter of a similarly constructed enclosure (e), measuring 20m N-S by 11.5m. It is subtended upon the inner face of the main enclosure the wall of which seems to have been broached to afford access. The rectangular structure (d) appears to be a later, probable post medieval, addition which again may have been misinterpreted by Prowse.
From the NE corner of the main enclosure the wall (f) continues to the N for 100m where it joins one of the parallel reaves of the Stannon system (SX 68 SE 77) and another reave of which appears to have joined the southern end of the enclosure (g).

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 40, Map 27, Figure 27.3 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Lower Broadun D-shaped enclosure on the west side of the East Dart river and east of the Powder Mills leat. In 1891 the foundations of 9 hut were recognised within the enlcosure of which only two of 3.5 and 4.0 metres diameter can now be found, connected to the perimeter in the north-west corner. A pile of stones in the south-west corner may be the remains of another.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Enclosure with several internal features and two hut circles shown on survey. Enclosure shown to extend to the east of the East Dart river.

Cartographic Engineering, 2006, Dartmoor 2006 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital) (Aerial Photograph). SDV345590.

Enclosure visible on aerial photograph.

Historic England, 2022, National Heritage List for England, 1021336 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364675.

Prehistoric enclosure of 150 metres by 120 metres with banks up to 3 metres wide, and up to 0.5 metres high, containing at least three stone hut circles, and forming the western edge of the coaxial fields. It lies just below the Powder Mills leat south-east of Broadun Ring. Its walls run right down to the River Dart.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 40, Map 27, Figure 27.3.
SDV224034Article in Serial: Prowse, A. B.. 1891. Index to Personal Names in Westcote's "View of Devonshire in 1620" and his Devonshire pedigrees. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 23. 310.
SDV224083Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1949. RAF/540/176. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 5122-3.
SDV224084Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. SX68SW28. OSAD Card. Card Index. SX68SW28.
SDV224087Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1951. RAF/540/483. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4046-7.
SDV224088Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1979. SF1510. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 411-413.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV321106Plan - measured: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1983. Middle Merripit Survey Drawing. Middle Merripit Survey Drawing. Digital.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital. [Mapped feature: #136927 ]
SDV345590Aerial Photograph: Cartographic Engineering. 2006. Dartmoor 2006 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital). Digital.
SDV350839Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1987-1993. Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. Unknown. I. S. Sainsbury.
SDV364675National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2022. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1021336.

Associated Monuments

MDV132767Parent of: Hut circle within Lower Broadun enclosure, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV132768Parent of: Hut circle within Lower Broadun enclosure, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV132769Parent of: Small pen and building within Lower Broadun enclosure, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV5946Related to: Broadun enclosed hut circle settlement, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV6746Related to: Broadun Ring enclosed settlement on Broad Down, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV15081Related to: Hartland Reaves; Stannon Reave system (Monument)
MDV6801Related to: Settlement and enclosures around Hartland Tor, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV989 - RCHME Field Investigation
  • EDV990 - Unnamed Event
  • EDV8648 - Middle Merripit Farm, Duchy Farms Survey
  • EDV8409 - Dartmoor Royal Forest Project
  • EDV8423 - Duchy Farms Project

Date Last Edited:May 10 2022 3:49PM