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HER Number:MDV6956
Name:South Tawton, Oxenham Cross

Summary

Wayside cross, likely to be 15th century in date. Made from a single slab of granite and standing approximately 2 metres high it is a roughly-shaped plain cross with short stubby arms. It was repositioned here, standing high on a roadside bank overlooking the crossroads, in 1951. Restored; may not be in original position.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 662 944
Map Sheet:SX69SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSouth Tawton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSOUTH TAWTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX69SE/15
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II)
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX69SE3

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • WAYSIDE CROSS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Lega-Weekes, E., 1906, The Churchwardens' Accounts of South Tawton, 505-6 (Article in Serial). SDV270355.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I, 335-6 (Article in Serial). SDV240502.

On top of the hedge by the roadside at cross-roads near Oxenham, about 1.5 kilometres east of South Tawton. Type A. The shaft and head-portion of a roughly shaped cross, formerly in two pieces in the hedge, but now cemented together. The shaft is rectangular in section with chamfered edges, but the head is rough. There is an incised cross between the arms on one face.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1954, Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Fourth Paper), 187-8, plate 19a (Article in Serial). SDV15725.

Fell from position high up a steep roadside bank and broke into two pieces. Not in situ and break occurred at a join made during previous restoration. Restored in 1951 by Dartmoor Preservation Association. Re-erected at junction of lanes close to the entrance to Oxenham House. Hedge was built up to take the weight, a rough granite base was provided and the cross erected upon it. The two pieces were joined with a dowel of stainless steel alloy.


King, A. C., 1979, Survey: A30 Whiddon Down to Tongue End, (26/2/1979)no.23 worksheet (Report - Survey). SDV271161.


Unknown, 1985, Image of the Oxenham Cross (slide) (Photograph). SDV270371.


Department of Environment, 1988, South Tawton, 117 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV336452.

Oxenham Cross. Wayside cross. Probably 15th century. Granite. Made from a single slab of granite and standing approximately two metres high it is a roughly-shaped plain cross with short stubby arms. It was repositioned here, standing high on a roadside bank overlooking the crossroads, in 1951.


Gerrard, S., 1993-2002, Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report, 24/1/2002 (Report - non-specific). SDV145710.

Considered under the Monument Protection Programme but not recommended for scheduling. This cross stands on a bank built for it in 1951. The cross is described in the Sites and Monuments Register and elsewhere. Condition: medium. This is a very heavily restored cross which although probably close to its original archaeological context is definitely no longer in-situ. The cross was restored in the middle part of the 20th century and no archaeological information concerning its original siting will survive.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

'Oxenham Cross (restored)' depicted on the modern mapping.


Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 13/07/2016 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

SX 69 SE SOUTH TAWTON - 4/162 Oxenham Cross - 22.2.67 II
Wayside cross. Probably C15. Granite. Made from a single slab of granite and standing approximately 2 metres high it is a roughly-shaped plain cross with short stubby arms. It was repositioned here, standing high on a roadside bank overlooking the crossroads, in 1951.
Listing NGR: SX6625194414

Sources / Further Reading

SDV145710Report - non-specific: Gerrard, S.. 1993-2002. Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report. English Heritage. Unknown. 24/1/2002.
SDV15725Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1954. Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Fourth Paper). Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 86. A5 Hardback. 187-8, plate 19a.
SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback. 335-6.
SDV270355Article in Serial: Lega-Weekes, E.. 1906. The Churchwardens' Accounts of South Tawton. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 38. Unknown. 505-6.
SDV270371Photograph: Unknown. 1985. Image of the Oxenham Cross (slide). Slide.
SDV271161Report - Survey: King, A. C.. 1979. Survey: A30 Whiddon Down to Tongue End. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Register. Unknown. (26/2/1979)no.23 worksheet.
SDV336452List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1988. South Tawton. Historic Houses Register. A4 Comb Bound. 117.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #99097 ]
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 13/07/2016.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jul 13 2016 10:11AM