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HER Number:MDV6989
Name:Stone cross at Ringhill Cross, South Tawton

Summary

Wayside cross situated on the northern side of a minor road to South Tawton and immediately to the south of the main A30 trunk road. Simple Latin cross carved from a single piece of granite. On the north and south sides of the cross are oval notches for gate hangings. The east and west faces of the cross both bear an incised cross decoration which measures 0.26m high by 0.23m wide. The cross was moved to its present location following major improvements to the A30 in November 1988.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 671 941
Map Sheet:SX69SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSouth Tawton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSOUTH TAWTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX69SE/35
  • Old SAM County Ref: 770
  • Old SAM Ref: 24289

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Lega-Weekes, E., 1906, The Churchwardens' Accounts of South Tawton, 505-6 (Article in Serial). SDV270355.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I, 336 (Article in Serial). SDV240502.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1951, SX69SE4, 9/11/1951 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV271023.

A tall cross of rectangular section with a wide shaft and small short arms. On each face between the arms there is an incised squat armed cross. Height 2.5 metres.


King, A. C., 1979, Survey: A30 Whiddon Down to Tongue End, No.17 worksheet (Report - Survey). SDV271161.


Unknown, 1985, Image of Ringhill Cross (slide) (Photograph). SDV271028.


Department of Environment, 1988, Letter (Correspondence). SDV271031.

Scheduled Monument Consent granted for relocation of monument close to original position and orientation.


Griffiths, D. M., 1988, Ringhill Cross, 10/11/1988 (Worksheet). SDV271018.

Ringhill Cross. Removed from original site (SX67199417) in 1987 to make way for the Whiddon Down to Stockley Hamlets duel-carriage way. Re-located at SX67199414. Re-location by Dartmoor National Park at above grid reference in November 1988 at the request of the Parish Council (and turned through 90 degrees to face east-west as at original location).


Department of Environment, 1988, South Tawton, 117 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV336452.


Ancient Monuments, 2001, Stone cross at Ringhill Cross, South Tawton (Schedule Document). SDV271022.

Wayside cross 225 metres north-east of Scarhill Cross.
On the north side of the road. A simple Latin cross carved from a single piece of granite. Shaft is rectangular in section, 0.35 metres long, 0.16 metres wide, 1.9 metres high. At 1.4 metres from base the arms extend out and measure 0.53 metres wide. At a height of 0.85 metres from base, on the north and south sides, are oval notches for gate hangings. Eastern and western faces bear incised cross decoration which measures 0.25 metres high, 0.23 metres wide. Cross was moved to its pavement location following A30 improvements in 1988.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

'Cross' is depicted on the modern mapping.


Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 13/07/2016 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

This monument includes a wayside cross situated on the northern side of a minor road to South Tawton and immediately to the south of the main A30 trunk road, on an upland ridge which is the watershed between the valleys of tributaries to the River Yeo and River Taw. The monument survives as a simple Latin cross carved from a single piece of granite. The cross shaft is rectangular in section, measures 0.35m long by 0.16m wide and is 1.9m high. At 1.4m from the base the arms extend outwards and measure 0.53m wide. At a height of 0.85m from the base, on the north and south sides of the cross, are oval notches for gate hangings. The east and west faces of the cross both bear an incised cross decoration which measures 0.26m high by 0.23m wide. The cross was moved to its present location following major improvements to the A30 in November 1988. The cross is Listed Grade II.
The wayside cross 225m north east of Scarhill Cross survives comparatively well, despite having been moved slightly from its original location. Its incised decoration contributes to its archaeological significance. It is one of a small number of crosses which survive in this area.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback. 336.
SDV270355Article in Serial: Lega-Weekes, E.. 1906. The Churchwardens' Accounts of South Tawton. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 38. Unknown. 505-6.
SDV271018Worksheet: Griffiths, D. M.. 1988. Ringhill Cross. Worksheet. Digital. 10/11/1988.
SDV271022Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 2001. Stone cross at Ringhill Cross, South Tawton. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
SDV271023Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1951. SX69SE4. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 9/11/1951.
SDV271028Photograph: Unknown. 1985. Image of Ringhill Cross (slide). Digital.
SDV271031Correspondence: Department of Environment. 1988. Letter. Scheduled Monument Consent Granted. Unknown.
SDV271161Report - Survey: King, A. C.. 1979. Survey: A30 Whiddon Down to Tongue End. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Register. Unknown. No.17 worksheet.
SDV336452List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1988. South Tawton. Historic Houses Register. A4 Comb Bound. 117.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #45589 ]
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 13/07/2016.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jul 13 2016 12:20PM