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HER Number:MDV7013
Name:Hut 22 in settlement on Throwleigh Common

Summary

A massively built stone hut built into the corner of a `D' shape enclosure. Measures diameter is 10.1 metres (internally), the inner wall face is almost intact, the outer face is less well preserved. Walls are 2.3 metres thick and up to 0.8 metres high. Entrance survives on the south-east, lined with slabs. Very little displaced stone associated with this hut, together with its fine condition suggests it has been re-furbished and re-used at some time in the post-prehistoric period. Evidence of feather and tare granite cutting on one of the wall slabs demonstrates that the wall was partially robed for stone, probably after c. AD1800. A tree is currently rooted in the wall beside the entrance.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 658 906
Map Sheet:SX69SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishThrowleigh
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTHROWLEIGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 69 SE 11
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX69SE/60
  • Old SAM County Ref: 778
  • Old SAM Ref: 28694
  • Pastscape: 444068

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1974, SX69SE11 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV238195.

Hut "I" one of the largest in a group of 12 hut circles and 10 fields. Diameter 9.45 metres.


National Monument Record, 1977, SX6590, 1, 2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV238267.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Visible on the 1977 aerial photograph and recorded on map overlay.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 148940, 10/4/1997 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

At SX65829066. Stone hut circle forming part of a prehistoric settlement within a coaxial field system on Throwleigh Common. Diameter 10.5 metres. Walls 2.2 metres wide, 1.5 metres high. Internal area 86.54 metres. Large stone in eastern wall cut by tare and feather. The doorway faces 190 degrees and survives as a 2.8 metres long and 0.8 metres wide passage. Within western part of the building an uprooted tree root must have caused damage. A hawthorn tree is growing out of the southern wall.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 196-8, Map 39.1 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Butler's hut 10 measures 10.5 metres in diameter and is a good example of Bronze Age building technique. It is clear of vegetation and the courses of stone remain in place much as they were laid, despite later disturbance by stone cutters. The largest block in the wall, 2 metres long and ideal for a pair of gateposts, has been split and part of it carried away. Walls of the hut are 2.3 metres thick and there is a corridor-like entrance. Must have been fairly gloomy inside.


Newman , P., 2007, Throwleigh Common, Throwleigh, Devon. A 'Premier Archaeological Landscape' within Dartmoor National Park Level 2 Survey Report, 9, figure (Report - Survey). SDV360261.

Hut 22 SX 6585 9066
A massively built stone hut built into the corner of a `D' shape enclosure. The inner wall face is almost intact comprising large edge set slabs of granite while the outer face, though less well preserved, is extant in places. The walls are 2.3 metres thick and up to 0.8 metres high. The internal diameter is 10.1 metres. The entrance survives on the south-east side formed by a cutting through the thickness of the wall, lined with slabs. There is very little displaced stone associated with this hut which together with its fine condition suggests it has been re-furbished and re-used at some time in the post-prehistoric period. Evidence of feather and tare granite cutting on one of the wall slabs demonstrates that the wall was partially robed for stone, probably after c. AD1800. A tree is currently rooted in the wall beside the entrance.


Dartmoor National Park Authority, 2017, Site visits to Throwleigh Common (Personal Comment). SDV360253.

Site visited 4/07/2017. Plotted using GPS (SX65853 90675). Not as densely vegetated as surrounding area. Centre of hut circle was easily visible.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 196-8, Map 39.1.
SDV238195Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1974. SX69SE11. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV238267Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1977. SX6590. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 1, 2.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 148940, 10/4/1997.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV360253Personal Comment: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 2017. Site visits to Throwleigh Common. Field Investigation. Not Applicable.
SDV360261Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2007. Throwleigh Common, Throwleigh, Devon. A 'Premier Archaeological Landscape' within Dartmoor National Park Level 2 Survey Report. English Heritage. 40/2007. A4 Bound. 9, figure. [Mapped feature: #99320 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV6971Part of: Settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59303Related to: Clearance cairn on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59304Related to: Clearance cairn on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV27493Related to: The Bradford Pool Leat (Monument)
MDV27495Related to: Throwleigh Common parallel reave system (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7297 - Survey of Throwleigh Common Premier Archaeological Landscape

Date Last Edited:Jul 27 2018 1:13PM