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HER Number:MDV71601
Name:Wheal Anna Maria, Ponds, Spoil Heap & Tunnels


Site of two 19C reservoir ponds filled by a dressing floor sand tip by early 20C with water tunnels driven through it at Wheal Anna Maria mine which was part of Devon Great Consols


Grid Reference:SX 427 732
Map Sheet:SX47SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGulworthy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • POND (XIX - 1801 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Buck, C., 2002, Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment, 222-4, Figs 16,31,3237 & 38 (Report - Assessment). SDV241758.

Site of two large reservoir ponds shown on 19C maps to the south of the 'Lower' Anna Maria dressing floors. The 1904Os map shows the ponds covered with a dressing floor sand tip & finger dumps. The survey in 2002 found a large waste tip with at least four finger dumps 1.5m wide x 1m high on the surface. The tip was c100 long x c80m wide x from 1m to c18m high. Two water tunnels were visible on the south face of the spoil heap. Tunnels were cut into the dumps & water run through to allow copper solution to be precipitated on pieces of iron. The floor of the western tunnel at SX42747319 was 2.5m above ground level with an opening 0.95m wide x 1.6m high. Adit setts were used at 1.4m intervals to support the sides & roof allowing access for 8m into the tunnel. The floor of the eastern tunnel at SX42787321 was 8m above ground level with an opening 0.7m wide x 1.7m high & accessible for 25m before it was blocked. Other details: Sites 357,357/1,358,359.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV241758Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 2002. Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment. Cornwall Archaeological Unit Report. 2002R069. Digital + A4. 222-4, Figs 16,31,3237 & 38.
Linked documents:1

Associated Monuments

MDV3862Part of: Devon Great Consolidated Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV3873Part of: Devon Great Consols, Wheal Anna Maria (Monument)
MDV71602Related to: Devon Great Consols, Higher Copper Works (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV2098 - Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment

Date Last Edited:May 4 2006 9:23PM