HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV72844
Name:Devon Great Consols Railway, Inclined Plane

Summary

Steam hauled inclined plane from the top of Morwell Wood down to the port of Morwellham, forming the last half mile of Devon Great Consols Railway.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 444 699
Map Sheet:SX46NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGulworthy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • INCLINED PLANE (XIX - 1857 AD to 1859 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, SX47SW29 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV336793.


Ordnance Survey, 1907, 111NW (Cartographic). SDV323423.

'Old Incline' shown on early 20th century map.


Minchinton, W. E., 1973, Industrial Archaeology in Devon, 30 (Monograph). SDV7016.


Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T., 1998, Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal, 37 (Report - non-specific). SDV319814.


Buck, C., 2005, Wheal Russell Mine, Devon: Archaeological Assessment, 41 (Report - Assessment). SDV336659.

Devon Great Consols Incline (Site 47) running south from SX4428170353 to Morwellham Quay at SX4452769571. The last half mile of the Devon Great Consols Railway (see PRN 3880) down to the Morwellham Quays on the River Tamar was a steep incline & the trucks were drawn & lowered by a stationary engine & wire rope. The 1867 maps show the Devon Great Consols Incline Winder complex during the heyday of copper ore production (see PRN 3862) whilst the 1884 map shows its operation during the arsenic refining phase (see PRN 3865). The incline is shown as a single track. By 1904 the engine house was unroofed but the cottages were still in use. The survey in 2005 found the incline route of the railway had been cleared of vegetation. Other details: Figs 5-7, 8, 9.


Waterhouse, R., 2006, Proposed Archaeological Excavation of the Devon Great Consols Incline Portal at Morwellham Quay, 5 (Report - non-specific). SDV344977.

A four mile standard guage railway was constructed between 1857 and 1859 to transport copper from Devon Great Consols mine to Morwellham Quay. The last half mile of this descended a steam-hauled inclined plane from the top of Morwell Wood down to the port of Morwellham, running out onto the quays on raised timber trestle viaducts. Excavation of the tunnel portal in 2006 showed that waterlogged timber was present on parts of the site, but overall preservation was poor. In situ timbers include baulk sleepers of Great Western variety, and remains of upright supports for rubbing posts. The latter were very poorly preserved while the majority of the track baulks appear to have been removed in 1903-04.


Waterhouse, R., 2017, The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology, 192, 430-432, 438-464, Fig 6.46, 12.18 (Monograph). SDV361789.

Detailed discussion of the plateway and railway systems relating to the Tavistock Canal considered in Waterhouses' chapter 12. See report for full detail.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV319814Report - non-specific: Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T.. 1998. Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal. Exeter Archaeology Report. 98.60. A4 Stapled + Digital. 37.
SDV323423Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1907. 111NW. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV336659Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 2005. Wheal Russell Mine, Devon: Archaeological Assessment. Cornwall County Council Report. 2006R0004. A4 Stapled + Digital. 41.
SDV336793Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. SX47SW29. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV344977Report - non-specific: Waterhouse, R.. 2006. Proposed Archaeological Excavation of the Devon Great Consols Incline Portal at Morwellham Quay. Robert Waterhouse Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 5.
SDV361789Monograph: Waterhouse, R.. 2017. The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology. The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology. Paperback Volume. 192, 430-432, 438-464, Fig 6.46, 12.18.
SDV7016Monograph: Minchinton, W. E.. 1973. Industrial Archaeology in Devon. Industrial Archaeology in Devon. Paperback Volume. 30.

Associated Monuments

MDV72853Parent of: Devon Great Consols Railway Incline, Spoil Heap (Monument)
MDV72852Parent of: Devon Great Consols Railway Incline, Storage Buildings (Monument)
MDV3880Part of: Devon Great Consols, Railway (Monument)
MDV72849Related to: Boiler House and Chimney at Devon Great Consols Railway Incline, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV72855Related to: Buildings at the south end of the Tavistock Canal Tunnel (Monument)
MDV37331Related to: Canal Incline Cottage, Gulworthy (Building)
MDV3862Related to: Devon Great Consolidated Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV72848Related to: Devon Great Consols Railway Incline, Building (Monument)
MDV72851Related to: Devon Great Consols Railway Incline, Coal Yard (Monument)
MDV72846Related to: Devon Great Consols Railway, Incline Winder Cottages (Monument)
MDV72847Related to: Reservoir Pond at Devon Great Consols Railway Incline, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV72845Related to: Reservoir Pond Shaft, Devon Great Consols Railway Incline, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV76309Related to: Tunnel Portal at Morwellham Quay (Monument)
MDV76310Related to: Tunnel Under Cottages at Morwellham (Monument)
MDV3865Related to: Wheal Anna Maria, 19th Century Arsenic Works (Monument)
MDV22886Related to: Wheal Russell Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV72860Related to: Wheelpit at Tavistock Canal Incline, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV72850Related to: Winder Engine House at Devon Great Consols Railway Incline, Gulworthy (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4040 - Wheal Russell Mine, Devon: Archaeological Assessment
  • EDV4840 - Archaeological Excavations at the Devon Great Consols Incline Portal, Morwellham Quay, 2006

Date Last Edited:Jan 24 2019 10:10AM