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HER Number:MDV73987
Name:Horsemills Clay Works

Summary

Site of Horsemills Clay Works with shafts, sumps, cranes and a tramway shown on 1930s maps. The clay works remained visible on aerial photographs of 1946.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 851 760
Map Sheet:SX87NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishKingsteignton
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishKINGSTEIGNTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CLAY WORKINGS (XX - 1901 AD to 2000 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1930 - 1939, Fourth Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV336668.

Site of 'Horsemills Clay Works' shown on 1930s map to the south of Bluemarsh Clay Mine. Several ponds, small buildings, 4 'Shafts', 3 'Sumps', 5 'Cranes' and a short circa 200 meter section of 'Tramway' are shown.


Ordnance Survey, 1938, 109NE. Revision of 1933 with additions in 1938. Provisional Edition (Cartographic). SDV303843.

'Horsemills Clay Works' marked on 1938 map with 3 associated shafts at NGR SX84927595, SX84997600 and SX84957605.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1824, RAF/CPE/UK/1824 RP 3133-3134 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352344.

The earthwork pits and spoil heaps depicted on the 1930s 4th edition 25inch Ordnance Survey map remain largely visible.


Gent, T. H., 1996, Rivers Teign and Bovey: Proposed Diversion, 8 (Report - non-specific). SDV283446.


Reed, S. J. + Turton, S. D., 2001, Archaeological Assessment of Bovey Basin Mineral Site. Part 1 Overview, 13 (Report - Assessment). SDV336226.

Other details: Figure 5, site 7.


Exeter Archaeology, 2007, Archaeological Assessment of Southacre and John Acres Lane/ Whitepit Operational Areas (Bovey Basin ROMP), 6 & 8 (Report - Assessment). SDV339561.

Horsemills Clay Works and shafts. Other details: Site 30 & 31.


Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2018-2019, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 1, Haldon Ridge to Dart Valley (Interpretation). SDV361305.

The earthwork pits and spoil heaps depicted on the 1930s 4th edition 25inch Ordnance Survey map remain visible on aerial photographs of 1946, with a few variations. The spoil mounds centred on circa SX851762 are slightly enlarged and the largest open workings, at circa SX85057604 are water filled by this point. All earthworks visible in 1946 were subsequently destroyed by wider scale quarrying. The transient earthworks visible on the 1946 aerial photograph were not transcribed by the survey.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV283446Report - non-specific: Gent, T. H.. 1996. Rivers Teign and Bovey: Proposed Diversion. Exeter Archaeology Report. 96.24. A4 Stapled + Digital. 8.
SDV303843Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1938. 109NE. Revision of 1933 with additions in 1938. Provisional Edition. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV336226Report - Assessment: Reed, S. J. + Turton, S. D.. 2001. Archaeological Assessment of Bovey Basin Mineral Site. Part 1 Overview. Exeter Archaeology Report. 01.80. A4 Stapled + Digital. 13.
SDV336668Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1930 - 1939. Fourth Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Fourth Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #101278 ]
SDV339561Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 2007. Archaeological Assessment of Southacre and John Acres Lane/ Whitepit Operational Areas (Bovey Basin ROMP). Exeter Archaeology Report. 07.37. A4 Stapled + Digital. 6 & 8.
SDV352344Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1824. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1824 RP 3133-3134 04-NOV-1946.
SDV361305Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2018-2019. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 1, Haldon Ridge to Dart Valley. Historic England Research Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1

Associated Monuments

MDV73986Related to: Bluemarsh Clay Mine (Monument)
MDV66772Related to: Horsemills, Kingsteignton (Monument)
MDV52144Related to: South Acres Clay Works (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4322 - Southacre and John Acres Lane/Whitepit
  • EDV4912 - Archaeological Assessment of Bovey Basin Mineral Site
  • EDV7515 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey (Ref: ACD1748)

Date Last Edited:Nov 28 2018 1:03PM