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HER Number:MDV7415
Name:Hut circle settlement at Foale's Arrishes

Summary

A hut settlement with 8 hut circles, set within parallel reaves on Blackslade Down, including the enclosure known as Foale’s Arrishes. The hut circles were contemporary with the reaves, being either attached to them or linked by shorter walls. The site is also notable for the later imposition of a rectangular stone enclosure, which incorporated some of the reave elements and hut circles. Excavated by the DEC in 1897

Location

Grid Reference:SX 737 759
Map Sheet:SX77NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWidecombe in the Moor
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishWIDECOMBE IN THE MOOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77NW/8
  • Old SAM County Ref: 262

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Cambridge University, 03/05/1971, CUC/BFF, 72-75 (Aerial Photograph). SDV308638.


Griffith, F. M., 16/12/1988, DAP/JZ, 1-3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV241570.


Croaker, J. G., 1852, A Guide to the Eastern Escarpment of Dartmoor (Monograph). SDV350854.


Ormerod, G. W., 1864, On the Hut Circles on the Eastern Side of Dartmoor, 306 (Article in Serial). SDV304174.

A few huts and enclosures organised very regularly. Six huts measuring from 4.5 metres to 7.25 metres in diameter. Chief feature is double enclosure of nearly semi-circular form. Diameter of inner semi-circle is 4.5 metres and average width between inner and outer banks is 6 metres.


Baring Gould, S., 1897, Fourth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 151-156 plates 3, 4 (Article in Serial). SDV337081.


Victoria County History, 1906, The Victoria History of the County of Devon, 354-5 'Early Man' (Article in Serial). SDV238214.


Worth, R. H., 1945, The Dartmoor Hut Circles, 236,250,252 (Article in Serial). SDV246120.


Cambridge University, 1950, CUC/FL, 36-38 (Aerial Photograph). SDV135873.


Cambridge University, 1952, CUC/HR, 73-5 (Aerial Photograph). SDV343547.


Ralegh Radford, C. A., 1952, Prehistoric Settlements on Dartmoor and the Cornish Moors, 71-74,77,83-84, plan (Article in Serial). SDV337080.


Fox, A., 1954, Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor, 87 (Article in Serial). SDV231175.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1960, SX77NW34 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV307116.

The hut circles at Foale’s Arrishes have internal diameters varying from 5.5 - 9.1 metres. They mostly have double walls 1.2 – 1.4 metres thick. Eight of the huts were excavated by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in 1896, three of them producing Deveril-Rimbury pottery. One of the huts has a cooking annexe.
There are field systems of three periods covering an area of some 275 by 275 metres. The last of recent date are represented by ruined stone walls all of which are shown by the Ordnance Survey. These are the enclosures to which the name Foale’s Arrishes applies. A medieval field system is represented by long straight banks of stone running down the slope. Some of the lines are incorporated into later walls. These strips are subdivided by cross ridges, over which the banks are humped and which clearly belong to an earlier stage of cultivation. The ridges are ploughed down lynchets, belonging to fields the other sides of which are normally marked by the medieval banks. The cross banks run up to and are contemporary with the hut circles.
An early writer (Ralegh Radford?) mentions a circular enclosure almost as large as Grimspound but this feature has disappeared. (31/03/1960)

There are seven hut circles (centred at SX7375 7592) in the vicinity of Foale’s Arrishes, one being within a small pound. All appear to be of double walled type, up to 1.0 metre high, and where identifiable the entrances are to the south-south-east. The hut with an annexe is at SX7374 7584.
Three huts, published on the 1904 Ordnance Survey map at SX7379 7614, SX7383 7608 and SX7386 7605 have been destroyed, apparently as a result of field clearance. (11/05/1960)

An extensive system of early field walls and lynchets exist in the area centred at SX734756.
The pottery from Foale’s Arrishes included some Iron Age ‘A’. (Oral information from Lady A. Fox, 12/05/1960)
In Plymouth City museum there are five sherds of Late Bronze Age pottery and a perforated whetstone. (09/06/1960)


Cambridge University, 1962, CUC/AFG, 92-3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV337030.


Cambridge University, 1966, CUC/ANM, 47-50 (Aerial Photograph). SDV62341.


Cambridge University, 1967, CUC/ARO, 59-61 (Aerial Photograph). SDV307136.


St. Joseph, J. K. S., 1967, Unknown title, 60-61 (Article in Serial). SDV219152.


Worth, R. H., 1967, Worth's Dartmoor, 126 (Monograph). SDV337618.


Cambridge University, 1969, CUC/BAE, 70-71 (Aerial Photograph). SDV343595.


Grinsell, L. V., 1970, Discovering Regional Archaeology: South Western England, 25 (Monograph). SDV304192.


Fox, A., 1973, South West England 3,500BC - AD600 (Revised Edition), 100, 109, 111, 131 (Monograph). SDV16216.


National Monument Record, 1977, SX7375 (Aerial Photograph). SDV308312.


Fleming, A., 1978, Dartmoor Reaves, a nineteenth century fiasco, 16-20 (Article in Serial). SDV301196.


Beeson, M. M. R. + Masterman, M. C. H., 1979, An Archaeological Survey of Enclosed Land in Widecombe-In-The-Moor Parish, Vol V, 1040 (Report - Survey). SDV337078.


Silvester, R. J., 1979, The Relationship of First Millennium Settlement to the Upland Areas of the South West, 177,181, fig.1 (Article in Serial). SDV177352.

Site typical open settlement of huts and small embanked fields. Four of eight hut circles produced pottery, some of which can be convincingly assigned to late Bronze Age.


Quinnell, H., 1998, Later Prehistoric Pottery Survey, dbid:1758 (Report - Survey). SDV336212.

10 sherds of late Bronze Age pot recovered during excavation. Also recovered Middle Bronze Age pottery. Now in city museum, Plymouth.


Ordnance Survey, 2015, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV357601.

Later rectangular stone structure and hut circles depicted on the modern mapping.


Newman , P., 2015, Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon, 48, Fig 25 (Report - Survey). SDV359145.

A hut settlement with 8 hut circles, set within parallel reaves on Blackslade Down, including the enclosure known as Foale’s Arrishes. The hut circles were contemporary with the reaves, being either attached to them or linked by shorter walls. The site is also notable for the later imposition of a rectangular stone enclosure, which incorporated some of the reave elements and hut circles. Excavated by the DEC in 1897. Surveyed at 1:1000 scale May 2015.
Condition of the site: bracken covered in places and covered by gorse on the east corner but stable. Evidence of antiquarian intervention


Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, RT51 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 15/08/2019. Enclosure banks/reaves are obvious although most have heavy gorse cover. Good stable condition. Photo taken


Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, RT51 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 15/08/2019. Photo looking uphill south east towards the north west showing one of the raeves. Top tor is on the horizon

Sources / Further Reading

SDV135873Aerial Photograph: Cambridge University. 1950. CUC/FL. Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photographs. Photograph (Paper). 36-38.
SDV16216Monograph: Fox, A.. 1973. South West England 3,500BC - AD600 (Revised Edition). South West England. Hardback Volume. 100, 109, 111, 131.
SDV177352Article in Serial: Silvester, R. J.. 1979. The Relationship of First Millennium Settlement to the Upland Areas of the South West. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 177,181, fig.1.
SDV219152Article in Serial: St. Joseph, J. K. S.. 1967. Unknown title. Antiquity. 41. 60-61.
SDV231175Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1954. Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 20. Unknown. 87.
SDV238214Article in Serial: Victoria County History. 1906. The Victoria History of the County of Devon. Victoria History of the County of Devon. 1. Unknown. 354-5 'Early Man'.
SDV241570Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 16/12/1988. DAP/JZ. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1-3.
SDV246120Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1945. The Dartmoor Hut Circles. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 77. A5 Hardback. 236,250,252.
SDV301196Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1978. Dartmoor Reaves, a nineteenth century fiasco. Antiquity. 52. Unknown. 16-20.
SDV304174Article in Serial: Ormerod, G. W.. 1864. On the Hut Circles on the Eastern Side of Dartmoor. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. 20. Unknown. 306.
SDV304192Monograph: Grinsell, L. V.. 1970. Discovering Regional Archaeology: South Western England. Discovering Regional Archaeology: South Western England. Unknown. 25.
SDV307116Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1960. SX77NW34. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV307136Aerial Photograph: Cambridge University. 1967. CUC/ARO. Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photographs. Photograph (Paper). 59-61.
SDV308312Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1977. SX7375. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown.
SDV308638Aerial Photograph: Cambridge University. 03/05/1971. CUC/BFF. Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photographs. Unknown. 72-75.
SDV336212Report - Survey: Quinnell, H.. 1998. Later Prehistoric Pottery Survey. Later Prehistoric Pottery Survey. A4 Spiral Bound. dbid:1758.
SDV337030Aerial Photograph: Cambridge University. 1962. CUC/AFG. Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photographs. Photograph (Paper). 92-3.
SDV337078Report - Survey: Beeson, M. M. R. + Masterman, M. C. H.. 1979. An Archaeological Survey of Enclosed Land in Widecombe-In-The-Moor Parish. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. Vols I - V. A4 Comb Bound. Vol V, 1040.
SDV337080Article in Serial: Ralegh Radford, C. A.. 1952. Prehistoric Settlements on Dartmoor and the Cornish Moors. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 18. Unknown. 71-74,77,83-84, plan.
SDV337081Article in Serial: Baring Gould, S.. 1897. Fourth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 29. A5 Hardback. 151-156 plates 3, 4.
SDV337618Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1967. Worth's Dartmoor. Worth's Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 126.
SDV343547Aerial Photograph: Cambridge University. 1952. CUC/HR. Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photographs. Photograph (Paper). 73-5.
SDV343595Aerial Photograph: Cambridge University. 1969. CUC/BAE. Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photographs. Photograph (Paper). 70-71.
SDV350854Monograph: Croaker, J. G.. 1852. A Guide to the Eastern Escarpment of Dartmoor. A Guide to the Eastern Escarpment of Dartmoor. Unknown.
SDV357601Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2015. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV359145Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2015. Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon. South-West Landscape Investigations. A4 Bound + Digital. 48, Fig 25. [Mapped feature: #101433 ]
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. RT51.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. RT51.
SDV62341Aerial Photograph: Cambridge University. 1966. CUC/ANM. Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photographs. Photograph (Paper). 47-50.

Associated Monuments

MDV7416Parent of: Hut circle 1 at Foale's Arrishes (Monument)
MDV21489Parent of: Hut circle 5 at Foale's Arrishes (Monument)
MDV21490Parent of: Hut circle 6 at Foale's Arrishes (Monument)
MDV21491Parent of: Hut circle 7 at Foale’s Arrishes (Monument)
MDV7419Parent of: Hut circle 8 at Foale's Arrishes (Monument)
MDV7417Parent of: Hut circle two at Foale's Arrishes (Monument)
MDV26974Related to: Parallel reaves around Pil Tor (Monument)
MDV15722Related to: Strip cultivation and clearance south-west of Foale’s Arrishes (Monument)
MDV21492Related to: Three hut circles to the north-east of Foale's Arrishes (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6836 - Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape survey

Date Last Edited:Aug 21 2019 4:17PM