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HER Number:MDV7529
Name:Prehistoric Settlement north-west of Emsworthy Rocks, Ilsington

Summary

Prehistoric settlement to the north-west of Emsworthy Rocks including at least four hut circles, a field system and separate enclosures. Nationally important site.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 747 771
Map Sheet:SX77NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishIlsington
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishILSINGTON

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthworks and surviving stone walls of a Bronze age settlement on Haytor Down comprising at least five hut circles, enclosures and remains of a field system

Other References/Statuses

  • Dartmoor Non-designated Heritage Asset (Historical): NI Site
  • National Monuments Record: SX 77 NW 33
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77NW/89
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX77NW33
  • Pastscape: 445111

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Early Bronze Age to Early Iron Age - 2200 BC to 700 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, SX77NW33, SX77NW33 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV345446.

Four hut circles and field system. Hut circles integrated within system of field walls often constructed with massive boulders.

National Monuments Record, 1944, SX7477, 3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV299003.

Fox, A., 1954, Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor, 87 (Article in Serial). SDV231175.

Five huts integrated with five to six fields can be found at Holwell.

National Monuments Record, 1977, SX7776, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV299004.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, SX77NW (Cartographic). SDV345445.

Four hut circles, two of them attached to walls, are visible in an enclosure with four elements or fields. The east wall of the enclosure shows signs of having several small subdivisions or elements built into it at various times.

Everett, C., 1988, Haytor Down - Summary of Archaeological Features, HD77, Map 6 (Report - Survey). SDV359684.

Prehistoric site of five hut circles and enclosures.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East, 17, Figure 1.1, Map 1 (Monograph). SDV299725.

Emsworthy north-west settlement lies near the bottom of the slope below Emsworthy Rocks. Many of the walls have been added to in recent times. The irregular banks around the huts were probably part of an earlier enclosure. The east to weszt walls are parallel and closely conform to the oreientation of the fram walls to the south and the reaves over the Down west of Saddle Tor. Three well-preserved huts surive with a possible fourth identifiable. All the huts are of similar size with double slabbed walls. Hut 1: is 6 metres in diameter with a small yard attached but the site of the entrance is unclear. Hut 2: is 6.2 metres diameter and built of large slabs and includes a natural rock. Hut 3: is 6 metres diameter and built against the downhill side of the bank. Hut 4: short curved banks in the corner between the field walls may be the remains of a hut with a separate small yard on one side. Two pillars stand on either side of the track, one a boundary stone of Bagtor Manor with the letters 'B' and 'I' cut on opposte faces. No huts have been found associated with the small enclosure (Site 5) 20.5 metres by 16.5 metres about 60 metres to the north of the settlement. There area several gaps in its walls from which an extension curves away into the damp ground to the north and west. Other details: Map 1, Figure 1.1.

Newman, P., 1999, 2002, Haytor Down, Ilsington, Devon (Revised), 11, Figure 2 + 6 (Report - Survey). SDV346395.

Prehistoric settlement west of Emsworthy Rocks. The central element of this settlement is a regular rectangular enclosure coaxial to the reaves in the locality and may represent a remodelled section of the system. The addition of further irregular walls and subdivision has created an enclosed settlement with six hut circles and a small field system. Part of the field system lies outside the survey area in enclosed land.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 2002, Haytor Down: The Archaeology (Plan - measured). SDV359685.

Settlement shown on survey.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

Prehistoric settlement north-west of Emsworthy Rocks considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument.. Other details: Number 4.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

Settlement shown on survey. Map object based on this source.

Gerrard, S., 2006, Dartmoor Nationally Important Sites, 4 (Cartographic). SDV345607.

Prehistoric settlement north-west of Emsworthy Rocks

National Monuments Record, 2010, 445111 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV345447.

A field system comprising five main elements with additional sub-division and vestiges of other external enclosure walls on the moderately sloping western side of Emsworthy Rocks in the Becka Brook valley. Associated with the enclosures are five definite hut circles and a possible sixth remains as a circular platform. An additional isolated enclosure, comprising two sub-circular elements but with no visible huts is sited 110 metres to the north.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV231175Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1954. Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 20. Unknown. 87.
SDV299003Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1944. SX7477. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3.
SDV299004Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. SX7776. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1.
SDV299725Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. One. Paperback Volume. 17, Figure 1.1, Map 1.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV345445Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. SX77NW. Air Photographs Unit. Map (Paper).
SDV345446Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. SX77NW33. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. SX77NW33.
SDV345447National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2010. 445111. National Monuments Record Database. Website.
SDV345521Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV345607Cartographic: Gerrard, S.. 2006. Dartmoor Nationally Important Sites. English Heritage. Digital. 4.
SDV346395Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 1999, 2002. Haytor Down, Ilsington, Devon (Revised). Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A1/2/1999. A4 Spiral Bound. 11, Figure 2 + 6.
SDV359684Report - Survey: Everett, C.. 1988. Haytor Down - Summary of Archaeological Features. HD77, Map 6.
SDV359685Plan - measured: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 2002. Haytor Down: The Archaeology. A1 Folded.

Associated Monuments

MDV116217Parent of: Hut Circle within Prehistoric Settlement west of Emsworthy Rocks, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV116220Parent of: Hut Circle within Prehistoric Settlement west of Emsworthy Rocks, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV116221Parent of: Hut Circle within Prehistoric Settlement west of Emsworthy Rocks, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV116223Parent of: Hut Circle within Prehistoric Settlement west of Emsworthy Rocks, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV7530Parent of: Hut Circle within Prehistoric Settlement west of Emsworthy Rocks, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV7531Parent of: Hut Circle within Prehistoric Settlement west of Emsworthy Rocks, Ilsington (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7021 - Haytor Down: Survey Report (Ref: A1/2/1999)

Date Last Edited:Jun 1 2020 2:23PM