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HER Number:MDV75344
Name:Strip Fields, Burnstone, Clovelly

Summary

A network of small irregular enclosures and curvilinear fields are depicted on the 1840 Tithe map, and most are visible as earthworks or cropmarks on aerial photographs between the 1940s and 2007. They are interpreted as the former infield and strip field boundary banks of a medieval field system and settlement. The banks presumably went out of use gradually between the mid nineteenth and mid twentieth century, as fields were amalgamated. There is high potential for below-ground remains, and perhaps some earthworks, to survive.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 326 232
Map Sheet:SS32SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishClovelly
DistrictTorridge
Ecclesiastical ParishCLOVELLY

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FIELD BOUNDARY (Early Medieval to XIX - 1066 AD to 1840 AD (Between))
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Early Medieval to XX - 1066 AD to 1947 AD (Between))

Full description

T Woodmas & Co, Surveyors., 1840, Map of the Parish of Clovelly, Devon (Cartographic). SDV349395.

A complex of small irregular enclosures is depicted around Burnstone, with some curvilinear boundaries depicted to the north.


Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M., 1931, The Place-Names of Devon: Part One, 71 (Monograph). SDV1312.

Burnstone is 'Borneston' in the 1319 and 1320 Assize Rolls for Devon, with a possible origin of 'Beorn's tun'.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/158, DCC RAF/3G/TUD/UK/158 5079-5080 19-APR-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349143.

A network of curvilinear and irregular banks and ditches are visible as earthworks and cropmarks.


Next Perspectives, 2007, Next Perspectives PGA Tile Ref:, Next Perspectives PGA Tile Ref: SS3223 22-AUG-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349178.

Removed boundary banks show clearly as pale cropmarks. Map object partly based on this source.


Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J., 2007, The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report (Report - Assessment). SDV339712.

Linear features visible on 1946 aerial photograph represent former boundaries of field system centred on crossroads to the northeast of Burnstone. Includes remains of strip fields. Other details: 2892.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S., 2011 - 2012, North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV349018.

A network of small irregular enclosures and curvilinear fields are depicted on the 1840 Tithe map to the east and west of Burnstone; most are visible on 1940s aerial photographs as the linear cropmarks or earthworks of boundary banks, and as extant boundaries to the north. Settlement at Burnstone is documented from the fourteenth century and many of the infield and strip field boundaries are likely to date to the medieval period, having then fallen out of use gradually between the mid nineteenth and mid twentieth century. Many known former boundary banks are clearly visible as pale cropmarks on aerial photographs taken in 2007, as are some additional banks south-east of the former crossroads sited just north of Burnstone. Although the earthworks may have been levelled there is high potential for below-ground remains to survive.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV1312Monograph: Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M.. 1931. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. VIII. A5 Hardback. 71.
SDV339712Report - Assessment: Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J.. 2007. The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report. Exeter Archaeology Report. 06.22 (rev.1). A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV349018Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S.. 2011 - 2012. North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. ACD383/2/1. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV349143Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/158. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). DCC RAF/3G/TUD/UK/158 5079-5080 19-APR-1946. [Mapped feature: #102472 ]
SDV349178Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2007. Next Perspectives PGA Tile Ref:. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives PGA Tile Ref: SS3223 22-AUG-2007.
SDV349395Cartographic: T Woodmas & Co, Surveyors.. 1840. Map of the Parish of Clovelly, Devon. Tithe Map. Digital.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6132 - North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty NMP Project

Date Last Edited:Jul 6 2012 10:39AM