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HER Number:MDV7650
Name:Two Medieval Longhouses in Okehampton Park, Okehampton Hamlets

Summary

Two adjoining Medieval longhouses identified on aerial photographs in Okehampton Park to the south of the Okehampton Camp boundary.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 587 927
Map Sheet:SX59SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishOkehampton Hamlets
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishOKEHAMPTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX59SE/5/9
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LONGHOUSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Bridgwater, R., 08/11/1984, No title (Correspondence). SDV221430.


Dattett, R. H., 1979, Unknown (Worksheet). SDV221424.

Two Medieval longhouses beside each other, south of commandant's house in Okehampton Camp. First seen on aerial photograph. Checked on ground.


Austin, D. + Daggett, R. H. + Walker, M. J. C., 1980, Farms and fields in Okehampton Park, 44: Site 111 (Article in Serial). SDV324998.


Wessex Archaeology, 2001, Okehampton Camp Devon. Archaeological Desk Based Assessment and Earthwork Survey, 10, Fig. 5, Appemdix 1 (Report - Survey). SDV360511.

Located to the south of the officer's quarters, this building was located on aerial photographs and described as two longhouses. It comprises a narrow sub-rectangular structure with a second bank along its southern and western sides. A denuded sub-circular feature of uncertain function is attached to the northern side. The earthwork survey showed that the structure has been disturbed and refashioned in some way as some banks overlie others. The basic outline is 20 by 6 metres internally with earth and stone banks some 2.0 metres wide and up to 0.5 metres high. There are no clearly defined entrance gaps although a parth cuts through the centre reminiscent in form to a longhouse.
The structure is linked to a field boundary and clearly forms part of the pre-park landscape. However, its function is uncertain. Although it superficially resembles a longhouse it stands isolated in an exposed location. It probably represents the surviving element of a settlement now occupied by the site of the officers quarters. Analogy with excavated structures at Meldon Quarry suggests that it was probably an outbuilding rather than a dwelling.


Wessex Archaeology, 2002, Okehampton Camp. Archaeological Building Recording Survey and Final Earthwork Survey Report, 7, Fig. 5 (Report - Survey). SDV348121.

Located to the south of the officer's quarters, this building was located on aerial photographs and described as two longhouses. It comprises a narrow sub-rectangular structure with a second bank along its southern and western sides. A denuded sub-circular feature of uncertain function is attached to the northern side. The earthwork survey showed that the structure has been disturbed and refashioned in some way as some banks overlie others. The basic outline is 20 by 6 metres internally with earth and stone banks some 2.0 metres wide and up to 0.5 metres high. There are no clearly defined entrance gaps although a parth cuts through the centre reminiscent in form to a longhouse.
The structure is linked to a field boundary and clearly forms part of the pre-park landscape. However, its function is uncertain. Although it superficially resembles a longhouse it stands isolated in an exposed location. It probably represents the surviving element of a settlement now occupied by the site of the officers quarters. Analogy with excavated structures at Meldon Quarry suggests that it was probably an outbuilding rather than a dwelling.


English Heritage, 2005, Medieval Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345602.

Outline of two adjoining structures shown on survey.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Remains of buildings visible on aerial photograph.


White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads, Okehampton Camp (Un-published). SDV352501.

Okehampton Camp a lost longhouse site.


Unknown, Unknown, MAS/UK/51/359/149 (Aerial Photograph). SDV221428.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV221424Worksheet: Dattett, R. H.. 1979. Unknown. University of Lampeter Worksheet. Unknown.
SDV221428Aerial Photograph: Unknown. Unknown. MAS/UK/51/359/149. Unknown. Unknown.
SDV221430Correspondence: Bridgwater, R.. 08/11/1984. No title. Letter to D. Griffiths. Letter + Digital.
SDV324998Article in Serial: Austin, D. + Daggett, R. H. + Walker, M. J. C.. 1980. Farms and fields in Okehampton Park. Landscape History. 2. Unknown. 44: Site 111.
SDV345602Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Medieval Survey Information. English Heritage Report. Digital. [Mapped feature: #103514 ]
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV348121Report - Survey: Wessex Archaeology. 2002. Okehampton Camp. Archaeological Building Recording Survey and Final Earthwork Survey Report. Wessex Archaeology Report. 50182. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. 7, Fig. 5.
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet. Okehampton Camp.
SDV360511Report - Survey: Wessex Archaeology. 2001. Okehampton Camp Devon. Archaeological Desk Based Assessment and Earthwork Survey. Wessex Archaeology Report. 50171. A4 Comb Bound. 10, Fig. 5, Appemdix 1.

Associated Monuments

MDV4806Part of: Deserted Medieval Settlements, Sites 52-59, at Okehampton (Monument)
MDV14219Related to: Okehampton Deer Park. Okehampton Hamlets (Park/Garden)
MDV64026Related to: Okehampton Royal Artillery Training Camp (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV5544 - Building Recording and Earthwork Survey at Okehampton Camp
  • EDV8007 - Okehampton Camp Devon: Archaeological Desk-based Assessment and Earthwork Survey (Ref: 50171.01)
  • EDV3474 - Earthwork survey of Okehampton Castle and Park

Date Last Edited:Jan 11 2019 10:02AM