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HER Number:MDV77041
Name:Deserted farmstead known as Bowda, Easdon Down Wood

Summary

Farmstead dates to at least the early 14th century, based on documentary evidence. Tithe map depicts the farm, which was further developed in the late 19th / early-20th century, before being abandoned in the later 20th century. Included in 1991 woodland survey, when buildings were described as being in poor condition. Surrounded by mid-late 20th century conifer plantation.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 740 831
Map Sheet:SX78SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishNorth Bovey
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishUNKNOWN

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (XI to XIV - 1066 AD to 1330 AD (Between))

Full description

South West Heritage Trust, 1838-1848, Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments, 1056 (Cartographic). SDV359954.

Depicted on the Tithe Map and recorded in the Apportionment (1056) as 'Buda'; house and courtlage. Farmhouse is shown as a detached building in the centre of the yard, aligned approximately south-west by north-east. Further farm buildings are shown to the north and south of the dwelling.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Late 19th century historic map depiction of 'Bowda' shows it largely unchanged from the Tithe Map depiction.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

The early 20th century historic map shows some development to the farm. Buildings have been added to the northern end of the farmhouse, creating a range joining it to the building that lies to the north. Building to the south of the farmhouse looks unchanged.


Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M., 1932, The Place-Names of Devon: Part Two, 470 (Monograph). SDV337894.

'Bowda' is listed in the Subsidy Rolls of 1330 as 'Boghewode', later in 1396 as 'Bowode', meaning 'curved, or bow-shaped wood'.


Smith, N. J. L., 1992, Woodland Archaeological Survey December 1991 North Bovey Woodlands, 11-12, Figs 9-10, sketch plans by Deborah Griffiths (Report - Survey). SDV360446.

Remains of the deserted medieval/post-medieval farmstead known as Bowda. Tall conifers stand immediately adjacent to the north, south and east. Tithe Map clearly show the buildings and a sales catalogue of 1928 details the structures and maps out the extent of the farm (see Fig 9). In 1928 the farm was completely un-wooded.
Farm is accessed by a sunken walled track to the north. Yard is largely enclosed. Stone water trough sits just below a modern brick in tap. Buildings are in poor condition. Although farmstead abandoned a long while ago, there is some evidence of more recent use (probably for storage) of big barn and adjacent stable block.


Dartmoor National Park Authority, 2003 - 2005, Dartmoor National Park Authority Farmstead Survey 2003-2005 (Report - Survey). SDV344545.

Farmstead included in survey. Visited on 23/08/2005.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337894Monograph: Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M.. 1932. The Place-Names of Devon: Part Two. The Place-Names of Devon: Part Two. IX. A5 Hardback. 470.
SDV344545Report - Survey: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 2003 - 2005. Dartmoor National Park Authority Farmstead Survey 2003-2005. Dartmoor National Park Authority. Digital.
SDV359954Cartographic: South West Heritage Trust. 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments. Tithe Map and Apportionment. Digital. 1056.
SDV360446Report - Survey: Smith, N. J. L.. 1992. Woodland Archaeological Survey December 1991 North Bovey Woodlands. Dartmoor National Park Authority. Digital. 11-12, Figs 9-10, sketch plans by Deborah Griffiths.

Associated Monuments

MDV119977Parent of: Ash house at Bowda Farm, North Bovey (Monument)
MDV119974Parent of: Barn at Bowda Farm, North Bovey (Building)
MDV119972Parent of: Cart shed at Bowda Farm, North Bovey (Building)
MDV119976Parent of: Farm buildings at Bowda Farm, North Bovey (Building)
MDV119975Parent of: Farmhouse at Bowda Farm, North Bovey (Building)
MDV119973Parent of: Pigsties at Bowda Farm, North Bovey (Building)
MDV119971Parent of: Shippon at Bowda Farm, North Bovey (Building)
MDV119990Related to: Large pillow mound in wood south of Bowda (Monument)
MDV119988Related to: Pillow mound in wood west of Bowda (Monument)
MDV119981Related to: Pillow mound north-west of Bowda (Monument)
MDV119989Related to: Pillow mounds in wood south of Bowda (Monument)
MDV119984Related to: Pillow mounds west of Bowda (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7411 - North Bovey Woodlands archaeological survey

Date Last Edited:Oct 9 2017 3:28PM