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HER Number:MDV77121
Name:Elliott's Hill farmstead, Buckland in the Moor

Summary

Farmstead dates to at least the 17th century, although may be older. Mid-17 century documents record the first Smerdon's taking possession; the family would occupy this farm for almost 300 years and (via their descendants) many of the other local properties. The surviving farm layout is mid-late 19th century; the Tithe Map shows the previous farm to have been quite different. A number of alterations and modern buildings can be seen.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 724 737
Map Sheet:SX77SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishBuckland in the Moor
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishUNKNOWN

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (First mentioned, XVII to XIX - 1639 AD to 1840 AD (Between))

Full description

South West Heritage Trust, 1838-1848, Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments (Cartographic). SDV359954.

The Tithe Map shows Elliot's Hill (Buckland in the Moor, plot 5). There are four buildings all rectangular, all aligned roughly south-west by north-east. Two are bordering the road (presumably one of these was the house). Owned by Sir John Leman Rogers Baronet, occupied by Edward Smerdon.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The late 19th century depiction of Elliott's Hill farm shows the farm has been entirely redesigned; there are no signs of the previous buildings depicted on the Tithe Map. Large, roughly L-shaped dwelling lies near the road, with two associated agricultural buildings to the south and south-east. That to the south-east is a large, inverted L-shaped range with a semi-circular horse engine house on the south-eastern side. The range to the south borders the farm and is a rectangle, aligned north-west by south-east, with a small extending wing at the north-western end.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Largely unchanged from the late 19th century historic map depiction, the early 20th century map shows the three main buildings as before, although the southern building may have alterations at both ends since the late 19th century. Additionally, there is a tiny rectangular structure now shown between the house and other buildings.


Dartmoor National Park Authority, 1993 - 1997, Dartmoor National Park Authority Farmstead Survey 1993-1997 (Report - Survey). SDV344544.

Farmstead included in survey. Visited on 20/02/1995.


Brown, M., 1996, A guide to the Parish of Buckland-in-the-Moor, 7 (Monograph). SDV361770.

The Smerdons of Elliott's Hill. Document from 1639 record Richard Smerdon and his wife Christian became manor tenants at the farm and generations of the family farmed here almost 300 years, until late Victorian times (when James Smerdon died in 1886). The family dominated the community of Buckland in the Moor; during the mid-18th century, decedents of the Elliott's Hill Smerdons held virtually all the leasehold property in the Manor.


Ordnance Survey, 2018, MasterMap 2018 (Cartographic). SDV360652.

Elliott's Hill Farm shows a number of changes since the early 20th century. The house and farm building to the south-east have survived in some form and southern building may have been retained, though now altered to create an L-shaped building. A number of large modern buildings have been added to the south-east of the old farm, extending the farm considerably.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV344544Report - Survey: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 1993 - 1997. Dartmoor National Park Authority Farmstead Survey 1993-1997. dartmoor National Park Authority. Mixed Archive Material.
SDV359954Cartographic: South West Heritage Trust. 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments. Tithe Map and Apportionment. Digital.
SDV360652Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap 2018. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #104106 Polygon highlights the 19th century buildings, where possible, ]
SDV361770Monograph: Brown, M.. 1996. A guide to the Parish of Buckland-in-the-Moor. A guide to the Parish of Buckland-in-the-Moor. A5 Paperback. 7.

Associated Monuments

MDV30995Parent of: ASH HOUSE in the Parish of Buckland in the Moor (Monument)
MDV30996Parent of: Elliott's Hill farmhouse, Buckland in the Moor (Building)
MDV30997Related to: Bowden Farmstead, Buckland in the Moor (Monument)
MDV30994Related to: Site of old farmhouse at Elliott's Hill Farm, Buckland in the Moor (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 18 2018 11:57AM