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HER Number:MDV77266
Name:Great Ensworthy farmstead, Gidleigh


Farmstead dating to at least the mid-15th century (dating of longhouse). Depicted on the mid-19th century Tithe Map. Important farm comprising a striking and significant longhouse and rare bakehouse/barn, both of which are listed. Historic farmstead included in Dartmoor National Park Authority survey.


Grid Reference:SX 660 894
Map Sheet:SX68NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishGidleigh
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishGIDLEIGH

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (XIV to XV - 1400 AD to 1499 AD (Between))

Full description

1840, Tithe Map (Cartographic). SDV339770.

Farmstead depicted on the Tithe Map of approximately 1840 showing the longhouse to the northern end of the farmyard, bakehouse/barn at the south-western edge and two more agricultural buildings in the south-eastern section of the farm. Pond to the east of the longhouse also features.

Dartmoor National Park Authority, 1993 - 1997, Dartmoor National Park Authority Farmstead Survey 1993-1997 (Report - Survey). SDV344544.

Farmstead included in survey. Visited on 01/03/1992.

Grumley-Grennan, T. + Hardy, M., 2000, Gidleigh. A Dartmoor Village Past and Present, 131-134 (Monograph). SDV359347.

Great Ensworthy is a beautiful listed longhouse, built in two phases; the oldest probably late 15th century (the lower end to the east, which is three bays long and forms the shippon end of the longhouse). The second phase, the two-bay hall added to the west probably dates from the early 16th century. The barn was built in the 17th century and it has been suggested that this was converted from a bakehouse into a cottage, with the shippon end transformed into a barn. Detached bakehouses of this type are very rare and it is even more unusual to have one associated with a threshing barn.
Ensworthy is the only farm in Gidleigh parish listed separately as being in venville in 1502, so at the time was possibly one of the larger of the outlying farms in the area.
Ownership information provided from 1647 to present day. In the 20th century the house was renovated, including the removal of an original stone staircase from the interior, but a number of improvements have been made since this time.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV339770Cartographic: 1840. Tithe Map. Tithe Map and Apportionment. Map (Paper).
SDV344544Report - Survey: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 1993 - 1997. Dartmoor National Park Authority Farmstead Survey 1993-1997. dartmoor National Park Authority. Mixed Archive Material.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #104238 ]
SDV359347Monograph: Grumley-Grennan, T. + Hardy, M.. 2000. Gidleigh. A Dartmoor Village Past and Present. Gidleigh. A Dartmoor Village Past and Present. Hardback Volume. 131-134.

Associated Monuments

MDV33260Parent of: Barn and bakehouse at Great Ensworthy, Gidleigh (Building)
MDV33259Parent of: Longhouse at Great Ensworthy, Gidleigh (Building)
MDV114048Related to: Buttern farm, Gidleigh (Monument)
MDV80516Related to: Ensworthy Leat, Gidleigh (Monument)
MDV77667Related to: Little Ensworthy, Gidleigh (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV5233 - Survey at Great Ensworthy Farm, Gidleigh

Date Last Edited:Jan 8 2016 11:43AM