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HER Number:MDV77442
Name:Babeny farmstead, Dartmoor Forest


Historic farmstead surveyed in 1993. Previously known as White's Babeny. The medieval settlement of Babeny is recorded in 1260. The remaining longhouse is visible as a ruin. The surrounding field system is evident as earthworks.


Grid Reference:SX 671 751
Map Sheet:SX67NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishUNKNOWN

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork and walling remains of a Medieval Field System and enclosures at Babeny, the field boundaries preserved in the modern field system

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67NE60
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 442507

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LONGHOUSE (Early Medieval to XVI - 1066 AD (Between) to 1540 AD (Between))
  • SETTLEMENT (Early Medieval to XVI - 1066 AD (Between) to 1540 AD (Between))
  • FARMSTEAD (XVIII to XIX - 1750 AD (Between) to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M., 1931, The Place-Names of Devon: Part One, 191 (Monograph). SDV1312.

The name Babeny can be interpretted as "Babba's well-watered land".

Hemery, E., 1983, High Dartmoor, 17, 524-8 (Monograph). SDV249702.

Babeny, described as an "ancient tenement" (Ancient tenements are defined as "group farms, of medieval organization, some possibly of Saxon origin... as such they would pre-date the parcelling of land specified in Domesday"). "Balbenye" was first recorded in 1260, when the tenement consisted of 3 farms. The remaining longhouse of Babeny is now a ruin (see illustration card).

McKay, K., 1994 - 1997, Dartmoor National Park Authority Farmstead Survey 1994-1997 (Report - Survey). SDV344544.

Farmstead included in survey. Visited during January 1993.

Historic England, 2021-2022, NRHE to HER website, Accessed 07/02/2022 (Website). SDV364039.

[442507 / SX67NE60] At Babeny Farm, an extensive project was carried out in 1980, to renovate certain hedgebanks of earth and stone which are believed to preserve the original medieval field pattern (Archaeology in Devon, annual report, 1989 or 1990-91, Devon County Council, Vol 4, 12).
(Name shown on OS 1:10000 1982 centred at SX 671751).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV1312Monograph: Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M.. 1931. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. VIII. A5 Hardback. 191.
SDV249702Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. High Dartmoor. High Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 17, 524-8.
SDV344544Report - Survey: McKay, K.. 1994 - 1997. Dartmoor National Park Authority Farmstead Survey 1994-1997. Dartmoor National Park Authority. Mixed Archive Material.
SDV364039Website: Historic England. 2021-2022. NRHE to HER website. https://nrhe-to-her.esdm.co.uk/NRHE. Website. Accessed 07/02/2022.

Associated Monuments

MDV5995Related to: Ash house at Babeny farm, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV45614Related to: Babeny Bridge (Monument)
MDV15042Related to: Medieval Field System at Babeny (Monument)
MDV5994Related to: Ruins of Babeny Mill (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8409 - Dartmoor Royal Forest Project
  • EDV8423 - Duchy Farms Project

Date Last Edited:Dec 19 2022 11:25AM